SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED QUALIFICATION: 

National Certificate: Landscape Irrigation 
SAQA QUAL ID QUALIFICATION TITLE
66429  National Certificate: Landscape Irrigation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Ornamental Horticulture and Landscape 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK
AgriSETA - Agriculture SETA  OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework 
QUALIFICATION TYPE FIELD SUBFIELD
National Certificate  Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation  Horticulture 
ABET BAND MINIMUM CREDITS PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL QUAL CLASS
Undefined  120  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Regular-Unit Stds Based 
REGISTRATION STATUS SAQA DECISION NUMBER REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE
Reregistered  SAQA 06120/18  2018-07-01  2023-06-30 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification. 

PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION 
Purpose:

This qualification provides learners with a comprehensive base of portable skills that will enable them to progress within all spheres of the horticultural industry. This qualification forms an integral step in the career paths of the various disciplines in ornamental horticulture and follows on from the Level 1 Certificate. For those already employed in the industry, this qualification will offer learners the opportunity to hone their skills and receive recognition for their competencies.

A Learner achieving this qualification will be able to work effectively and productively within the field of irrigation knowing how to:
  • Apply the health and safety principles in the horticultural industry specifically as they relate to irrigation.
  • Provide water to plants in the landscape according to a schedule and ensuring the quality of water remains suitable and according to requirements of the horticultural environment.
  • Install, operate and maintain irrigation systems including the monitoring thereof.

    For those wishing to enter the industry, whether unemployed or as an Entrepreneur, this qualification offers a solid foundation in all aspects of the horticultural industry. This qualification represents a vital step in the development of a career and learning pathway of individuals, both from a vocational point of view, as well as from a learning point of view.

    Rationale:

    South Africa is essentially a dry country and water is therefore a critical resource that requires careful management. Considering that the horticultural industry cannot survive without the application of water, it is vital that the workforce in this industry are well trained to understand the importance of careful planning, correct installation, efficient operation and ongoing and consistence maintenance of the irrigation systems.

    The fact that South Africa will host the 2010 World Cup Soccer tournament means that sport fields will need to comply to the best international standards and will therefore require ongoing quality maintenance leading up to and during the tournament, as well as thereafter. To achieve this, the quality of the irrigation systems installed need to be top class.

    Through this qualification, the learner will become conversant with the implications that a lack of attention to planning, installation, operation and maintenance will have on the performance of an irrigation system, and on the availability and cost of wasted water. The impact on the environment will also be understood.

    The qualification will facilitate job creation and self employment opportunities, while furthering the aims of economic empowerment in South Africa.

    The qualification includes the skills necessary to apply safety principles in all aspects of working with irrigation systems, the skills needed to install, use, operate and maintain the irrigation systems, as well as understanding the importance of scheduling the application and rate of watering to the horticultural environment while considering the impact on the environment itself.

    As the qualification is based on the common core of the preceding Level 1 qualification, it embodies the principle of portability and is integral to further learning, despite its focus being on the more specialised field of irrigation. Through the wide scope of electives, the specialisations of the various sectors are catered for.

    The sectors of the horticultural industry that will benefit from this qualification include:
  • Landscape construction and maintenance.
  • Amenity horticulture.
  • Sports turf.
  • Plant propagation.
  • Interior plantscaping.
  • Retail nurseries.

    This qualification addresses both the current and future needs of horticulture in South Africa. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The industry will encourage potential Learners to embark on this qualification as it has universal relevance to the industry and is nationally recognized. Learners who would like to access this qualification should have demonstrated competency in:
  • Literacy and Numeracy at NQF Level 1.
  • ID 119687: Demonstrate a basic understanding of the horticultural industry.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    The qualification may be achieved wholly or in part through the Recognition of Prior Learning and the qualification may be granted to learners who have acquired the skills and knowledge without attending formal courses providing they can demonstrate competence in the outcomes of the individual Unit Standards as required by the Fundamental, Core and Elective areas stipulated in the Qualification and by the Exit Level Outcomes

    An RPL process may also be used to credit learners with Unit Standards in which they have developed the necessary competency as a result of workplace and experiential learning. 

  • RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING? 

    QUALIFICATION RULES 
    The certificate is made up of a planned combination of learning outcomes that have a defined purpose and will provide qualifying learners with applied competence and a foundation for further learning.

    The qualification consists of a minimum of 120 credits, composed of:
  • Fundamental: 36 credits (compulsory).
  • Core: 64 credits (compulsory).
  • Electives: Learners must choose suitable Unit Standards from the listed elective to obtain a total of not less than 20 credits. 

  • EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES 
    1. Operate a manual irrigation system and schedule the applications to suit the plants water requirements.

    2. Identify the various types of piping used in irrigation and install these in an irrigation system.

    3. Utilise the appropriate sprinkler to provide the optimum watering to suit the planted area.

    4. Utilise manual and automatic control valves to operate an irrigation system.

    5. Utilise manual and automatic controlled filters to ensure that sprinklers are able to operate at their best. 

    ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA 
    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:

    1.1 Watering frequencies for various plants are determined in relation to prevailing climatic conditions.
    1.2 Operating periods for the various zones of an irrigation system are selected to ensure that applications suit the plant's requirements and the soil's infiltration rate.
    1.3 Basic maintenance procedures and techniques are utilised to effect minor repairs to irrigation equipment.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:

    2.1 The basic principles of hydraulics are described in terms of their application in irrigation systems.
    2.2 The distinction between the various classes of irrigation piping are explained with regard to their pressure ratings.
    2.3 The characteristics of the different types of high pressure piping are described within the context of their use in irrigation mainlines.
    2.4 The characteristics of the different types of low pressure piping are described within the context of their use in irrigation spraylines.
    2.5 The fittings used to connect the various types of piping are identified and the techniques to install these are demonstrated on different irrigation equipment.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:

    3.1 The unique characteristics of drippers are described in terms of their low pressure requirements and suitability for small areas in landscaping.
    3.2 The features and benefits of cone sprays are explained with regard to their fine droplets and suitability for flowerbeds.
    3.3 The operating characteristics of rotary sprinklers are explained with regard to their efficient coverage of large areas and suitability for lawns.
    3.4 The techniques to install the various types of sprinklers are demonstrated in a typical landscape.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:

    4.1 The characteristics of the different hand operated valves are described in relation to the ease of operation and suitability for a sprayline or for isolation.
    4.2 The function of a footvalve and a non return valve are explained within the context of preventing a backflow in various irrigation and pump systems.
    4.3 The importance of installing a pressure reducing valve on a high pressure feed is explained in terms of the protection it gives to the various irrigation pipes and equipment.
    4.4 The function of air release valves and vacuum breakers is described in relation to the purging of air from irrigation mainlines.
    4.5 The many uses that a solenoid valve may perform in an irrigation system are described in terms of the automatic control of sprinkler spraylines reservoir filling.

    Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 5:

    5.1 The necessity of having a filter element that suits the required water quality is explained in terms of the application of the relevant selection criteria.
    5.2 The advantages of using a self flushing filter system are explained in regard to the ability to automatically flush the filters before they become dirty.
    5.3 The importance of correctly positioning the filters in the irrigation system is explained in terms of the ease of maintenance.
    5.4 The need to install pressure gauges on either side of a filter is explained in terms of monitoring the pressure differential between the inlet and outlet of the filter the objectives.

    Integrated Assessment:

    The integrated assessment allows the Learners the opportunity to show that they are able to utilize concepts, ideas and actions across unit standards. This will allow Learners to achieve competency that is in keeping with the purpose of the qualification.

    An integrated assessment will indicate how theoretical learning is demonstrated in a practical environment in such a way that the application of the work learnt becomes second nature.

    In conducting an assessment, the quality of the performance must also be evaluated i.e. both the performance and the thinking behind the action must be qualitative.

    The assessment should include both formative and summative options and should use various assessment tools i.e. not by observation only. It is suggested that a Portfolio of Assessment form part of the summative assessment, with practical outcomes being demonstrated in a simulated or real work place situation.

    A broad range of task-orientated and theoretical tools may be used, with the distinction between practical knowledge and disciplinary knowledge being maintained.

    Unit Standards in the qualification must be used to assess the specific and Critical Cross Field Outcomes. It is recommended that the assessment tools give Learners the opportunity to account for their decision-making and problem solving in line with the Specific Outcomes and related Assessment Criteria.

    As a result of this qualification being generic in forming the foundation for a career in horticulture, Learners should be assessed in occupational contexts and activities. The assessment should ensure that the foundational skills are portable and prepare them for further learning, whatever career path they may choose. 

    INTERNATIONAL COMPARABILITY 
    South Africa is essentially a dry country and water is therefore a critical resource that requires careful management. In this regard the South African irrigation industry, governed by the Landscape Irrigation Association (LIA) and the South African Agricultural Irrigation Institute (SAAII). These bodies are responsible for ensuring that the standards of planning, installation, operation and maintenance of the irrigation systems in the horticultural and agricultural environments are set and maintained to world class standards.

    The landscape irrigation industry has links to the major international irrigation bodies such as the IA (Irrigation Association) of the United States and information is regularly shared. This ensures that the South African landscape irrigation industry remains at the forefront of international developments. In terms of climate, Australia has similar climatic zones and conditions to South Africa. Their landscape irrigation industry is well advanced and specialisation is conducted from level 1. In contrast, other countries have elected to begin their specialisations at NQF Levels 2 or NQF Level 3.
    Various factors influence this, the most notable include:
  • Adverse climatic conditions which restrict normal horticultural activities.
  • Economic constraints, typically the poorly developed economies where horticulture has a low priority.
  • Relatively small markets, where economies of scale preclude specialisation.

    To obtain an African perspective the qualifications of the following SADC countries were investigated: Angola, Botswana, DRC, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

    From a global viewpoint these countries are typified as developing nations, with a primary focus on subsistence. Consequently agricultural training is paramount to ensuring food security for their populations and as a result the areas landscape irrigation systems are few, with the majority occurring in the hotel and tourist destinations. These systems are usually contracted to South African irrigation companies. As a consequence no specific landscape irrigation training is conducted in these areas. Their staff who maintain these landscapes are either sourced from South Africa or they obtain their training from the LIA or our tertiary institutions.

    Specialisations such as pumps and pump maintenance are catered for in the elective unit standards of these qualifications. This ensures portability and yet allows learners to progress in their particular field of specialisation from level 3 for most sectors of the industry, but from level 2 with respect to irrigation.

    Various international qualifications with similar content to this qualification were sourced. In examining these, the following have been used for comparison, although they do not necessarily address the subjects from the same perspective, they do contain aspects relevant to those used in South Africa. The following qualifications and the particular unit standards that were selected for comparison with various components of this qualification are listed hereunder.

    Australia:

    The landscape and horticultural industry in Australia has a similar profile to that of South Africa and their irrigation industry operates at a similar level to that in South Africa, evidenced by the fact that specialisations in a specific field occurs at an entry level.

    Certificate II in Irrigation: Reference No RTE20203 Of all the worldwide searches that were conducted, this level 2 qualification has the greatest similarity to its South African counterpart.
    The relevant unit standards are as follows:

    Reference No RTE2602A-Assist with the operation of pressurised irrigation systems:
  • This level 2 unit standard is concerned with the operation of sprinkler and emitter irrigation that is commonly used in the plant propagation and landscaping environments.
  • The "Utilize irrigation equipment and operate manual sprinkler systems" unit standard incorporates a similar approach to the above with an emphasis on water conservation and preventative maintenance procedure.

    Reference No RTE2603A-Lay irrigation and/or drainage pipes:
  • This level 2 unit standard covers the techniques and procedures used in the installation of piping in a horticultural environment.
  • The "Install irrigation piping in landscaped areas" unit standard follows similar principles and practices with the above with the exception of drainage piping, which is usually regarded as being part of the site preparation that occurs prior to an irrigation installation.

    Reference No RTE2606A-Maintain pressurised irrigation systems:
  • This level 2 unit standard covers the maintenance for an irrigation system. It focuses on the repair and replacement of basic, simple components under routine supervision. It also requires that records and reports of maintenance observations and activities are completed.
  • The "Maintain landscape and sports turf irrigation systems" unit standard in essence, follows the same procedures and methodology, but includes the drafting of an annual irrigation schedule.


    United Kingdom:

    There are Unit Standards available at level 3 covering Automatic Turf Irrigation System but not at level 2. Short practical courses are offered by the various irrigation product distributors.

    New Zealand:

    There is only one Unit Standard "Demonstrate knowledge of irrigation systems used in horticulture" which is registered at level 2. It serves to give an overview of the various methods used in watering plants, but it does not give the detail knowledge which the National Certificate Landscape Irrigation seeks to address.

    Scotland:

    No irrigation or comparable horticultural one year certificates were found in the Scottish qualifications framework that. To address their needs, short courses in landscape irrigation are conducted. 

  • ARTICULATION OPTIONS 
    Horizontal Articulation:
  • ID 48975: National Certificate: Plant Production.
  • ID 59389: National Certificate: Resource Guardianship..
  • ID 49410: National Certificate: Construction..

    Vertical Articulation:
  • ID 49052: National Certificate: Plant Production. 

  • MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against these unit standards must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA and have experience or in depth knowledge of the horticultural industry.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of these unit standards or will assess these unit standards must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the qualification and the agreed ETQA procedure.
  • Therefore anyone wishing to be assessed against these unit standards may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution which is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS 
    Assessors must:
  • Be accredited as an assessor by the relevant ETQA.
  • Have experience or in depth knowledge of the horticultural industry, specifically as it relates to ornamental aspects.
  • Meet any other requirements that may be stipulated by the relevant ETQA.
  • Hold a qualification in Horticulture or Agriculture at NQF Level 5 or higher. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARDS: 
      ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
    Core  119714  Demonstrate an understanding of the role and requirements of water in plants  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
    Core  119691  Backfill compact and replant grass sods and plants in irrigation trenches  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  119701  Create an awareness of enviromental protection  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  119699  Excavate irrigation trenches in established landscapes  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  264040  Install automatic and manual control valves in an irrigation system  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12 
    Core  119700  Install irrigation piping in trenches  Level 2  NQF Level 02  10 
    Core  264036  Install irrigation sprinklers and emitters in landscaped areas  Level 2  NQF Level 02  12 
    Core  264039  Install manual and automatic filters for an irrigation system  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  263995  Schedule the application of water to plants and landscapes  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  264058  Utilise health and safety principles in horticulture  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Core  264017  Utilize irrigation equipment and operate manual sprinkler systems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  115000  Demonstrate understanding of everyday aural texts in X  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  7480  Demonstrate understanding of rational and irrational numbers and number systems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  114998  Demonstrate understanding of selected texts in X  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9008  Identify, describe, compare, classify, explore shape and motion in 2-and 3-dimensional shapes in different contexts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  12444  Measure, estimate and calculate physical quantities and explore, describe and represent geometrical relationships in 2-dimensions in different life or workplace contexts  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  114999  Speak and respond in everyday situations in X  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  7469  Use mathematics to investigate and monitor the financial aspects of personal and community life  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  9007  Work with a range of patterns and functions and solve problems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Fundamental  114993  Write texts on relevant topics in X  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  116077  Monitor water quality  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  116066  Operate and maintain specific irrigation systems  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
    Elective  254076  Demonstrate knowledge of hydraulics and flow measurement in water and wastewater systems  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
    Elective  260723  Install, test and maintain a basic fluid power system  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  253391  Maintain centrifugal pumps  Level 3  NQF Level 03  14 
    Elective  264041  Maintain landscape and sportsturf irrigation systems  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  253497  Maintain positive displacement pumps  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  116212  Maintain water quality parameters  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  116266  Monitor the operation and maintenance of irrigation systems  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
    Elective  254066  Operate a reticulation pump station  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
    Elective  11780  Understand and apply basic plumbing principles  Level 3  NQF Level 03 


    LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION: 
     
    NONE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Alvans Training Academy 
    2. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    3. Balimi Skills (Pty) Ltd 
    4. BC Landscape Training and Consultancy cc 
    5. Boland Agri Training & Community Development Centre 
    6. Brucol Global Development Pty Ltd 
    7. Calvin Projects Managements PTY LTD 
    8. Chisomo Projects(Pty) Ltd 
    9. Davhana Training and Development (Pty)Ltd 
    10. Dieketseng Training Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    11. Dominant Impression 7 
    12. Gauteng City College 
    13. Godloti (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Hlombe and Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    15. IQ Skills Academy Pty Ltd 
    16. Ithembalihle Training and Development 
    17. Jolaros Trading and Peojects 
    18. Kenmab Training Centre 
    19. Khamel Training Consultants 
    20. Laezonia Horticulture (Pty) Ltd 
    21. Modirisiwa Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Molaodi Community Development Agency 
    23. Moshita Family Agric Primary Co-Operative Limited 
    24. Mphekgwane Business Development 
    25. Ngwato Wa Mphela Agriculture Training Services 
    26. Nomastyl Trading and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    27. Novi General Services 
    28. Number 9 and Fortfar Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    29. Nyankwavi Investment CC. 
    30. Prempie Business Solutions Pty Ltd 
    31. Puno Landscaping and Training 
    32. Reeinstaed Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Shazini Farms 
    34. Shudu Business Development (Pty) Ltd 
    35. South African Food Security and Development Agency 
    36. Tembeta 
    37. Tendani Business Network (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Thembeni Skills Development Trading and Projects (Pty) Ltd 
    39. Thuto Ya Setshaba Training Services (Pty) Ltd 
    40. TPLR and Training Services (PTY) LTD 
    41. Tsiku Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    42. Valambya Training and Business College (Pty) Ltd 
    43. VEB CELE AND ASSOCIATES 
    44. Vhangona Skills Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    45. Wena le Wena Trading and Projects 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.