|All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.|
|SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY|
|National Certificate: Supply Chain Management|
|SAQA QUAL ID||QUALIFICATION TITLE|
|74149||National Certificate: Supply Chain Management|
|SGB Procurement, Logistics and Supply Chain Mngt|
|PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY||NQF SUB-FRAMEWORK|
|TETA - Transport Education and Training Authority||OQSF - Occupational Qualifications Sub-framework|
|National Certificate||Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies||Procurement|
|ABET BAND||MINIMUM CREDITS||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||QUAL CLASS|
|Undefined||150||Level 5||NQF Level 05||Regular-Unit Stds Based|
|REGISTRATION STATUS||SAQA DECISION NUMBER||REGISTRATION START DATE||REGISTRATION END DATE|
|LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT||LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT|
|In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.|
This qualification does not replace any other qualification and is not replaced by any other qualification.
|PURPOSE AND RATIONALE OF THE QUALIFICATION|
To provide learners with the competencies required to engage in the processes and inter-relationships across the supply chain so as to create sustainable value for organisations. This qualification is aimed at overcoming the traditional functional approach to operations and management, and at fostering supply chain integration to the advantage of all stakeholders. The National Treasury developed competency profiles for the Public Sector in terms of supply chain management. This qualification meets some of those Public Sector needs and is also suitable for the private sector.
Qualifying learners will be able to:
The target groups for this qualification are people working within operational to middle management positions within the various processes of the supply chain or those who are aspiring for such positions. Learners who have, in the past, held a supervisory position within the various supply chain processes are most likely to find the qualification applicable to them.
The demand for this qualification directly links to the need to:
This qualification has therefore been designed to address these demands as well as support the competencies required in the key areas of supply chain management that were identified within the greater industry yielding the following elective areas:
|LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING|
|The contents of some of the unit standards are such that learners will be required to demonstrate competence through the practical application of a variety of techniques in a real or simulated work environment.
Learning assumed to be in place:
Recognition of Prior Learning:
The structure of this unit standards-based qualification makes the Recognition of Prior Learning possible. This qualification may therefore be achieved in part through the recognition of prior learning, which includes formal, informal and non-formal learning and work experience. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and RPL assessors should provide support and guidance. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification.
If the learner is able to demonstrate competence in the knowledge, skills, values and attitudes implicit in this qualification and/or unit standards, the appropriate credits should be assigned to the learner. Recognition of Prior Learning will be done by means of Integrated Assessment as mentioned above.
Access to the Qualification:
The qualification is open to any learner in possession of a National Senior Certificate, Further Education and Training Certificate or equivalent NQF Level 4 qualification provided he/she is competent in the Communication and Mathematical competencies listed under Learning Assumed to be in Place.
|RECOGNISE PREVIOUS LEARNING?|
Purchasing/Procurement and supply:
Strategic Supply Chain Management:
|EXIT LEVEL OUTCOMES|
|1. Demonstrate an understanding of the supply chain management environment within an organisation.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of the influence of performance and risk within a supply chain management environment.
3. Contribute to the development of a supply chain strategy and operational plans for the organisation.
4. Manage the execution of a supply chain strategy for the organisation.
Critical Cross-Field Outcomes
This qualification promotes, in particular, the following Critical Cross-Field Outcomes:
1. Identifying and solving problems in which responses show that integrative thinking and critical analysis has been made when:
2. Working effectively with others as a member of a inter-disciplinary team when:
3. Organising and managing oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively when:
4. Communicating effectively with stakeholders and authorities when:
5. Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information from various sources when:
6. Using science and technology effectively and showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
7. Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising the complex and dynamic nature of these systems as well as the inter-relationships and linkages that exist between systems when:
8. Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive to the social and cultural systems of others when:
|ASSOCIATED ASSESSMENT CRITERIA|
|Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 1:
1.1 Legislation and key government initiatives are discussed in relation to the supply chain management environment.
1.2 Demand management is analysed to reflect its relationship and influence on supply chain management and operations.
1.3 The role and scope of acquisition management (purchasing/procurement) are analysed to reflect their impact on supply chain management and operations.
1.4 The principles of logistics/materials management are discussed to reflect their role in and impact on supply chain management and operations.
1.5 Disposal management is explained by focusing on its impact on supply chain management and operations.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 2:
2.1 Business processes are evaluated to determine potential risks to the supply chain management environment.
2.2 Potential risks and identified to reflect their impact on a business unit.
2.3 Contingency plans for managing risks are developed, tested and reviewed to improve the performance of the supply chain.
2.4 Performance management is explained by focusing on its influence on performance and risk within a supply chain management environment.
2.5 Indicators for a supply chain performance management system are developed in order to implement a supply chain performance management system.
2.6 The performance of the business in meeting its objectives is assessed in order to identify potential improvements to the business.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 3:
3.1 Concepts of supply chain management are analysed to reflect their relationship and influence on supply chain management and operations.
3.2 Contributions are made towards a supply chain strategy for the organisation in support of the overall strategic business plan and operational plan.
3.3 The effectiveness of supply chain performance is measured and evaluated against the strategic and operational plans.
3.4 Innovative system development activities are identified to improve the performance of the supply chain.
3.5 Recommendations are made to improve implementation in order to aid the effectiveness of the supply chain.
Associated Assessment Criteria for Exit Level Outcome 4:
4.1 The supply chain strategy is communicated to all relevant stakeholders.
4.2 Strategic relationships within the supply chain are established to contribute to the implementation of the strategy.
4.3 Improvements to the supply chain are proposed and introduced to contribute to the effective implementation in a specific area of responsibility within the supply chain management environment.
4.4 A supply chain strategy is executed reflecting an understanding of operational aspects and their impact and influence on supply chain management.
4.5 A supply chain strategy is executed reflecting an understanding of the significance of the risk and performance management plans to the execution of the strategy.
4.6 Change management is implemented as dictated by the strategy.
|This international comparability report will:
Australia has a national framework for competence based vocational qualifications similar to that in the South Africa, although accreditation is delegated to States. The Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) is responsible for its maintenance and development. The detail of Qualifications, Units and Elements is available from the National Training Information Service. The following courses relevant to various areas covered in the level 5 and level 7 qualifications are listed on the NTIS site under Courses/Qualifications:
The absence of courses at Certificate Levels I and II indicates that few people operate at these levels in the Purchasing function.
AUR20599 Certificate II in Automotive (Administration-Vehicle Valuating/Purchasing).
Units of Competency in Sales, Purchasing and Storage are included in this qualification and they include, for example, the following of direct relevance to the South African Level 5 and Level 7 qualifications:
Transport and Distribution:
Whilst these courses are not competency based, National Qualifications are offered which are based upon Competency Standards and incorporate Units and Elements. These are at all levels, and at the South African qualifications level include the following options:
Of direct relevance to Export competencies in the qualifications are:
Within the framework of the Australian Public Sector Training competencies, competency based qualifications in Procurement and Contracting have been developed at Certificate IV level, with an Advanced Diploma of Government in Contract Management. There are also Certificate IV and Diploma qualifications in Project Management. These are fully accredited by ANTA.
In 1993, the Dutch Association of Purchasing Management (NEVI) commissioned a study into the job profiles of purchasing professionals. This resulted in a list of several hundred tasks divided into 10 task domains (see Erridge et al 1995 for details). This work was reviewed in the PIO 2000 Project in the light of changing trends in the profession (Pagrach et al 2001), resulting in a revised list of approximately eighty tasks, subdivided as follows:
Tasks were also analysed in relation to job roles of various levels of Purchasing staff (Pagrach et al 2001 p6):
One research report noted:
"In comparison to the four training profiles of the nineties, a significant upgrading can be seen: the profile for the function of assistant buyer has largely disappeared, or rather, has been delegated to other functionaries or is now carried out with the aid of computer technology. The profile of the senior buyer has been added.
The figure shows that a purchasing manager's chief task is management of the purchasing organisation and implementation of policy. In addition, communication tasks are important, particularly for the purchasing manager and the senior buyer. The actual purchasing task is largely carried out by the assistant buyer and the buyer".
United States of America:
Certified Purchasing Manager (CPM):
Since 1974 the CPM has been the leading international professional qualification in terms of numbers of qualified purchasing staff. The qualification consists of a wide range of multiple choice questions based upon the results of a job analysis study. The most recent review was carried out in 1999-2000, and the results were presented in Muller (2001).
The job analysis resulted in 100 tasks, of which '64 are applicable to a majority of business sectors (manufacturing, U.S. federal government, state/local government, institutional, services, retail, food/agriculture) at the purchasing and supply manager level. Of these 64 tasks, 41 were also applicable to a majority of sectors at the buyer level as well (the job analysis broke out two levels: buyer and purchasing and supply manager)' (Julie Murphree, Revised Certification and Accreditation Exams Reflects What You Do, Institute of Supply Management website, August 21, 2003).
The revised CPM is structured into 4 modules as set out below:
The author, Eugene Muller, commented:
"The data from the job analysis provides a confirmation of the progressive nature of the buyer's position to that of the purchasing and supply manager".
Muller further adds, "It appears, therefore, that the work of a buyer is encompassed within the work of a purchasing and supply manager. And that while the emphasis on certain tasks may differ for the two positions, there seems to be little or nothing performed by the average buyer that is, not to some degree, part of the job duties of the average purchasing and supply manager".
Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model (Supply Chain Council):
Whilst the above exemplars have been primarily focussed on vocational qualifications, the SCOR model was developed to provide a basis for supply chain improvement by examining and measuring their supply chain processes, determining where weak links exist and identifying where to make improvements. It was developed and is maintained by the Supply-Chain Council which has some 750 corporate members worldwide.
The main potential value of the SCOR model to the South African qualifications lies in the supply chain functional map which underlies the model, based upon the activities Enable, Plan, Source, Make, Deliver, Return. This covers most of the functions within the qualifications, although reference to International Trade is limited to one category entitled 'Import/Export'. There is extensive evidence of implementation of the model in improving supply chain processes. The Supply-Chain Council makes Awards for Excellence in Supply Chain Operations and Management: recent winners include Siemens, United States Airforce Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center and SCA Technologies LLC.
Japan, Germany and South Africa were also identified as possible sources of best practice.
Whilst the former is the source of much of the innovation in supply chain functions, particularly in manufacturing, in recent years, differences in educational systems, the largely engineering/technical background of purchasing practitioners precluded a detailed assessment of Japan.
Germany's dual educational system, whereby academic and technical schools provide choice at secondary level, also differs from that in SA, and there is, as with Japan, a tendency for purchasers to have a technical background. Personal contacts at the German Association for Materials Management, Purchasing and Logistics (BME) were not aware of any initiatives in Germany relevant to this standards generation project.
The international comparability study conducted specifically focused on identifying occupational standards or qualifications used in other countries that might contain indicators of best practice that could be used for comparison to or in the development of the supply chain management qualifications at level 5 and level 7 to be submitted for registration on the South African NQF.
The following possible best practice exemplars were identified:
These were therefore considered during the generation and wider consultation processes with specific reference to functional analysis and occupational mapping processes. In general terms Purchasing, Operations, Logistics and Supply Chain Management were well covered by the above exemplars but coverage of International Trade and Export is limited. Only the Australian qualifications are broken down into competence based Units and Elements. The US/International CPM and the Dutch NEVI qualification test knowledge alone. The SCOR model is designed to assist in improving supply chain performance, and is not related to any qualification, but could be used to restructure organisations to provide a better flow of information and materials. Of the other countries identified, Germany and Japan were not pursued in great depth due to their different educational systems, more technical engineering based approach to purchasing and language barriers.
The data collection process included the following:
|CRITERIA FOR THE REGISTRATION OF ASSESSORS|
|For an applicant to register as an assessor, the applicant needs:
|As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this qualification was Reregistered in 2012; 2015.|
|ID||UNIT STANDARD TITLE||PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL||NQF LEVEL||CREDITS|
|Core||336702||Analyse and apply management practices within the supply chain||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Core||336710||Develop and implement supply chain performance management systems||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Core||336708||Facilitate processes to ensure the integration of supply chain information||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Core||336719||Manage relationships between supply chain partners||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Core||252025||Monitor, assess and manage risk||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Core||336711||Demonstrate an understanding of the key elements in developing strategies to optimise operational supply||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Core||336706||Establish a competitive supply chain infrastructure||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||10|
|Core||336712||Outline the philosophy of Supply Chain Management||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||6|
|Fundamental||335800||Apply professional values and ethics in the operational environment||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||4|
|Fundamental||336713||Demonstrate an understanding of the supply chain environment||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Fundamental||336709||Evaluate the influences of key components in a supply chain||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Fundamental||252267||Negotiate with suppliers||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||12|
|Elective||335835||Adhere to professional conduct and business ethics||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||246750||Control and order stock||Level 4||NQF Level 04||6|
|Elective||242857||Demonstrate and apply knowledge of the ethical standards in the Public Sector||Level 4||NQF Level 04||4|
|Elective||13945||Describe and apply the management of stock and fixed assets in a business unit||Level 4||NQF Level 04||2|
|Elective||113835||Manage logistics operations||Level 4||NQF Level 04||12|
|Elective||377896||Administer contracts for goods, works and services in the public sector||Level 5||NQF Level 05||5|
|Elective||252288||Align logistics activities to achieve competitive advantage||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||119345||Apply principles, regulations and legislation underlying supply chain management in the public sector||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||336701||Demonstrate an understanding of the fundamental principles of the economy||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Elective||336707||Demonstrate an understanding of the key issues important for compliance with corporate governance principles and social responsibility||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||6|
|Elective||336699||Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of marketing||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||5|
|Elective||337061||Demonstrate knowledge and insight into a bid committee system applicable to an Organ of State in South Africa||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||15|
|Elective||252291||Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the legal framework of freight forwarding||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||7|
|Elective||252294||Formulate risk management policies and procedures for international trading companies||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Elective||336679||Manage in and out sourcing||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||4|
|Elective||377898||Perform Acquisition Management activities for public sector supply chain management||Level 5||NQF Level 05||11|
|Elective||377901||Perform demand management activities for public sector supply chain management||Level 5||NQF Level 05||7|
|Elective||336704||Prepare products for transportation; manage the return of goods and warehousing||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||10|
|Elective||336681||Process customer orders||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||5|
|Elective||336741||Schedule production activities||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||5|
|Elective||252296||Secure and retain new business in the freight forwarding industry||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Elective||252260||Select and develop service providers for a forwarding operation||Level 5||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5||8|
|Elective||336740||Analyse logistics systems and implement appropriate strategic plans||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||242914||Apply the principles and theories of public sector project management||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||12|
|Elective||336720||Conduct demand forecasting and develop supply and capacity plans to meet demand||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||260077||Conduct initial assessment for strategic sourcing||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||4|
|Elective||336680||Create sustainable value through appropriate cost and pricing strategies||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||10|
|Elective||336705||Demonstrate an understanding of the fundamentals of international trade and execute international purchases||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||5|
|Elective||336739||Demonstrate an understanding of the key concepts and elements of strategic supply chain management||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||13|
|Elective||336703||Design a distribution network||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||5|
|Elective||260097||Develop a sourcing strategy||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||336742||Develop and implement optimal inventory strategies||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||8|
|Elective||260137||Execute a strategic sourcing strategy||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||6|
|Elective||336700||Lead and influence the supply chain management environment||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||13|
|Elective||123192||Manage the return of goods||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||2|
|Elective||116353||Participate in the design and implementation of municipal supply chain management||Level 6||Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6||12|
|LEARNING PROGRAMMES RECORDED AGAINST THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS QUALIFICATION:|
|This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
|1.||Academics Dynamics (Pty) Ltd|
|2.||Aldabri 106 Institute for Quality Pty Ltd|
|3.||Andebe Training and Skills Development|
|5.||Centre for Logistics Excellence (Pty) Ltd|
|6.||College for Business and Maritime Studies|
|7.||College of Production Technology|
|8.||COMMERCE EDGE SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD|
|9.||Global Maritime Legal Solutions Pty Ltd|
|10.||Innovative Shared Services|
|13.||Phephani Learnerships cc|
|14.||School of Shipping|