SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Describe the basic principles of personal income tax 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
10389  Describe the basic principles of personal income tax 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Financial Services 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 03 - Business, Commerce and Management Studies Finance, Economics and Accounting 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2002-06-12  2004-12-02  SAQA 0742/02 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2005-12-02   2008-12-02  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
117127  Describe and apply the basic principles of personal income tax  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who achieve this unit standard can understand how tax legislation affects them directly through employment and earnings and indirectly through spending.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Explaining why we pay taxes.
  • Explaining the individuals tax liabilities and duties.
  • Completing a personal tax return.
  • Describing the indirect forms of taxation in South Africa.
  • Describing an individual`s responsibility to pay taxes and keep records. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    There is open access to this unit standard. Learners should be competent in Communication, Mathematical Literacy and Financial Literacy at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical scope of this unit standard is
  • Additional income includes interest on investments, royalties, additional work, rent from a property, overtime, allowances, bonuses and commission, etc.
  • Additional taxes other than personal taxes include VAT, fuel taxes, sin taxes, death taxes, import/export taxes, toll roads and capital gains tax.
  • Documents to be retained for tax purposes include bank statements, investment details and medical expenses.
  • Sin tax is tax on cigarettes and alcohol. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain why we pay taxes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The purposes of taxation are explored with reference to its importance to a country's economic and social well-being. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The main categories of people and entities from which the government collects taxes are listed and an indication is given of the different rates applied to personal and company tax. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The typical breakdown of a government's main budget and spending categories is illustrated graphically. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The main emphasis in the South African Government's current budget is interpreted from reports in the media with reference to access, redress and the repayment of the national debt. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain the individual's liabilities and duties with regard to income tax. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The difference between SITE and PAYE is explained and an indication is given of when the individual is liable for each. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The functions and uses of the IRP5 and IT3B are explained with reference to specific examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. An individual's legal responsibility to register as a taxpayer and complete income tax returns is explained and an indication is given of the implications of non-compliance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The concept of a provisional taxpayer is explained and an indication is given of when an individual could qualify as a provisional taxpayer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The effect of provisional taxpayer status on the individual is explained in terms of the submission of returns to the South African Revenue Service (SARS). 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Complete a personal tax return. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Personal income tax liability is calculated, indicating the implications of tax payable on an increasing income and an individual's marginal rate of tax. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Tax due on overtime earnings, bonuses and commissions is calculated and an assessment is made of their impact on basic tax for two different case studies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Tax due on additional income other than salary is calculated and an assessment is made of the impact of additional income on basic tax for two different case studies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. A tax return for a natural person is completed correctly and copies of the documentation required are supplied to support the information in the tax return. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. A provisional tax return for a natural person is completed correctly with supporting documentation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe indirect forms of taxation in South Africa. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Examples of indirect taxes are listed and an indication is given of the current rates of taxation on each. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The basic principles of Value Added Tax (VAT) are explained and the cost of five items or services is calculated with and without VAT. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Reasons why government applies additional forms of taxation other than personal and company income tax are explored with reference to spreading the tax base. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Approximate amounts paid by the individual in indirect taxes are estimated based on personal expenditure over a period of at least a month. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The implications of a change in fuel tax are explored with reference to the possible effect on the individual and the economy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The issue of sin tax is discussed and an opinion expressed and supported on the appropriateness of this form of taxation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Describe an individual's responsibility to pay taxes and keep records. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Legal tax avoidance is investigated and illustrated with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Illegal tax evasion is explained and compared to legal tax avoidance using examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Possible sources of personal income are listed in terms of earnings or declarable income. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Ways that the South African Revenue Service (SARS) has of checking information submitted in tax returns are investigated and an indication is given of the penalties for non-submission of a tax return and/or the submission of false information. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. A filing system for keeping accurate tax related information is designed and an indication is given of the kind of documents that should be retained for tax purposes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Ways in which government is attempting to improve tax collection and/or widen its tax base are described and an indication is given of the potential impact of improved and wider tax collection on both the government and the individual taxpayer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. An opinion on an individual's moral obligation to pay taxes is stated and supported in terms of human rights, one's role in a democratic society and good citizenship. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    This unit standard will be internally assessed by the provider and moderated by a moderator registered by INSQA or a relevant accredited ETQA. The mechanisms and requirements for moderation are contained in the document obtainable from INSQA,
    INSQA framework for assessment and moderation. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify, solve problems and make decisions relating to his/her own financial tax situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    The learner is able to organise and manage him/herself effectively when designing an appropriate record keeping system for tax and other related personal documents. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively using visual, mathematics and language skills in the modes of oral and written presentation when completing a tax return with supporting documentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    This unit standard has been replaced by 117127, which is ' Describe and apply the basic principles of personal income tax', Level 4, 3 Credits. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by 117127, "Describe and apply the basic principles of personal income tax", Level 4, 3 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  24454   Further Education and Training Certificate: Real Estate  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-11-28  Was SERVICES until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  20638   National Certificate: Collective Investment Schemes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2004-12-05  INSETA 
    Fundamental  48640   National Certificate: Financial Services Management  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Reregistered  2023-06-30  INSETA 
    Fundamental  48493   National Certificate: Financial Services: Wealth Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-02-11  Was INSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  20639   National Certificate: Healthcare Benefits Administration: Claims Assessing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2004-12-05  INSETA 
    Fundamental  20773   National Certificate: Long Term Insurance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2004-12-05  INSETA 
    Fundamental  24396   National Certificate: Risk Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2006-10-08  Was INSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Fundamental  21796   National Certificate: Short Term Insurance  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2005-06-12  Was INSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Discovery Life Ltd 
    2. Faisit (Pty) Ltd 
    3. Intec College 
    4. Invuya Institute of Learning (Pty) Ltd 
    5. Masifunde Training Centre (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.