SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand electrical protection systems associated with power generating processes 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
10689  Understand electrical protection systems associated with power generating processes 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Power Plant Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard will be to explain electrical protection systems associated with rotating electrical apparatus and explain electrical protection systems associated with non-rotating electrical apparatus. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
1. Electrical apparatus operating philosophies understood. (Range: Includes all electrical apparatus used in power generating processes)
2. Interpretation of electrical system configuration
3. Electrical theories
4. Basic understanding of power plant processes
5. Basic understanding of binary system logics 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
N/A 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Explain electrical protection systems associated with rotating electrical apparatus. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Electrical motors and generators.

Include the following protections:
A. Differential protection
B. Voltage protections
C. Frequency protection
D. Fluxing protection
E. Current protection
F. Earth fault protection
G. Reverse power protection
H. Pole slipping protection
I. Negative phase sequence protection
J. Field failure
K. Islanding protection
L. Overspeed protection
M. Thermal protection 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Types of protection devices associated with rotating electrical equipment known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Operational principles of electrical protection devices explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Application theories of electrical protection devices known and understood. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Explain electrical protection systems associated with non-rotating electrical apparatus. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Transformers, switchgear and networks.
Include the following protections:
A. Differential protection
B. Voltage protections
C. Network frequency protection
D. Surging protection
E. Current protection
F. Earth fault protection
G. Permissive reach protection
H. Transformer Bucholtz protection
I. Pressure relief device
J. Bus zone protection
K. Transformer Thermal protection
L. Distance protection
M. Bus strip protection
N. Automatic re-close device (ARC)
O. Static protection 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Types of protection devices associated with non-rotating electrical apparatus known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Operational principles of electrical protection devices explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Application theories of electrical protection devices known and understood. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
According to SAQA requirements

Moderation:
Standard Generating Group Fossil Power Plant Operations-Technical Group 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Principles of electrical protections 

UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
N/A 

UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
N/A 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identifying & solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization, community. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Organising and managing oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collecting, analysing, organizing and critically evaluating information. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
Contributing to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making it the underlying intention of any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:
a. Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively;
b. Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities;
c. Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts;
d. Exploring education and career opportunities;
e. Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
N/A 

REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
Occupational role:

Power Plant Controller/Electrical Network Controller 

QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
  ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
Core  57693   National Diploma: Electrical Network Power Dispatch Controlling  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 
Core  23679   National Diploma: Fossil Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  23736   National Diploma: Hydro Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  23734   National Diploma: Nuclear Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
Core  61570   National Diploma: Power Plant Process Control Operations  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
 
1. ESKOM DRANKENSBURG PUMP STORAGE (PEAKING) 
2. ESKOM INGULA PUMP STORAGE SCHEME (PEAKING) 
3. ESKOM KRIEL POWER STATION OPERATIONS TRAINING 
4. Kelvin Power (Pty) Ltd 



All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.