SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand basic electrical and mechanical engineering principles 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
113873  Understand basic electrical and mechanical engineering principles 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Electrical Engineering & Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Electrical Infrastructure Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons in the Electrical Engineering; Generation; Distribution; Transmission; Construction and Renewable Energy Sectors.

A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
Demonstrate and understanding of electrical and mechanical engineering technologies.

This unit standard will contribute to the full development of the learner within the electrical engineering and construction environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of Physical Planning and Construction. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the electrical engineering and construction environment. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
The following knowledge, skills attitude and / or equivalent:
  • An understanding of the metric numbering system.
  • A basic knowledge of physics.
  • A basic knowledge of unit conversion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard includes but is not limited to:
  • Electrical and mechanical engineering quantities and the applications thereof.
  • The advanced principles of magnetism, electromagnetism and electric fields.
  • The principles of AC and DC power generation (single and 3 phase).
  • AC theory (resistance, voltage, current, frequency, r.m.s. values, capacitance, inductance, reactance, impendance power, var and power factor).
  • DC circuit theory and network analysis. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Use and describe SI, energy, electrical and mechanical quantities correctly. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Force, torque, work done, velocity, acceleration, angular velocity, power, current, quantity of electricity, voltage, potential difference, electromotive force, electrical power, resistance, resistivity, temperature coefficient of resistance and conductivity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Quantities are converted to their correct SI units. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Energy, electrical and mechanical units are defined and its symbols listed correctly. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The difference between power energy and kWh is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Basic battery theory is understood in terms of e.m.f., internal resistance, Ahr, Whr., and terminal voltage with the aid of basic calculations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Resistance, voltage and current of single-and three phase, pure resistive AC circuits are measured and power calculated with the aid of Ohms law. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Understand and use DC theory and network analysis in solving RLC circuits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Series circuits with one supply are drawn and explained in relation with voltage, current and resistance values. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Parallel circuits with one supply are drawn and explained in relation with voltage, current and resistance values. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Series-and parallel circuits with one supply are drawn and explained in relation with voltage, current and resistance values. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Basic calculations of RLC circuits are done with the application of Kirchoff`s laws. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Understand and apply magnetic theory. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The laws of magnetic flux lines are defined in relation with the principles of magnetism. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Magnetic fields in various magnetic circuits are described in relation with the principles of electromagnetism. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Toriod, core type, shell type and composite.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The direction of magnetic fields is determined and described with reference to screening, leakage and fringing. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Magnetic units are named and applied with the aid of basic calculations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Flux, flux density, magneto motive force, magnetic field strength, permeability of free space, relative permeability, reluctance, length of a magnetic circuit and the cross sectional area of a magnetic circuit.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Understand electromagnetic theory. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Magnetic fields produced by coils and conductors are described and sketched. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Flemmings left and right hand rules are defined and applied. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Lenz`s law is defined and applied. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Induced e.m.f and rate of change are understood and applied. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Basic calculations related to electromagnetic theory are carried out. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Understand capacitance theory. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The operation of a capacitor is described in relation with different types and sizes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Capacitance units are named and applied in relation with different types and sizes. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Electric field strength, electric flux density, permittivity of free space, dielectric, dielectric strength, relative permittivity and capacitance.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The relationship between capacitance and relevant variables are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Advanced calculations relevant to capacitance theory are carried out. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Understand alternating current theory. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The difference between AC and DC is described with reference to the various generation machine configurations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The principle of how AC e.m.f. is generated, is described as per AC theory principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Factors influencing the value of alternating voltage and current are described as per AC theory principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. AC units are described and applied as per AC theory principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Cycle, frequency, wavelength, amplitude, peak and maximum values, peak tp peak value, sine wave, electrical degrees, r.m.s. and average values.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Factors influencing frequency are described as per AC theory principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Advanced calculations related to capacitance, inductance, reactance, impedance, power vars and power factor theory is carried out and explained as per AC theory principles. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Knowledge that will help me understand and that I will be able to explain:
  • An understanding of electrical theory.
  • A basic understanding of physics.
  • A basic understanding of applied mechanics.
  • A basic understanding electron theory. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems (Identify factors which impact on the performance of electrical and mechanical engineering technologies.). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself (Understand and manage electrical concepts and principles.). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate (Describe basic electrical and mechanical engineering principles.). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology (Understanding electrical and mechanical theory and principles.). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Understand the world as a set of related systems (Understand electrical and mechanical theory and principles in relation to other disciplines.). 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Specified Requirements
  • Voltage control theory.

    A glossary of terms about the terminology of context specic:
  • AC - Accumulating Current.
  • Ahr - Ampere-hour.
  • DC - Direct current.
  • e.m.f. - Electromotive force.
  • RLC - Resistance / inductance / capacitance.
  • r.m.s. - Root-mean-square.
  • Var - Reactive volt-ampere.
  • Whr - Watt-hour.

    Credits

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcomes:
    Activity Hours

    Classroom learning 40
    On-the-job learning 10
    Self directed learning 20
    Coaching required 10
    Other

    TOTAL 80

    Credits achieved: 8 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49774   Further Education and Training Certificate: Construction and Maintenance of Overhead Track Equipment  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Core  72052   Further Education and Training Certificate: Electrical Engineering  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2013-11-07  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  80306   Further Education and Training Certificate: Electronics  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  49067   Further Education and Training Certificate: Railway Signalling: Fault-finding and Repair of Equipment  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Core  48474   National Certificate: Electrical Engineering  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  59731   Further Education and Training Certificate: Mechanical Handling (Rigging)  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. CIRCLEWAY TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    2. College of Cape Town - Pinelands Campus 
    3. ESKOM KOEBERG - RADIATION PROTECTION 
    4. False Bay College - Westlake Campus 
    5. Majuba FET College - Newcastle Technology Centre 
    6. Matimba Rigging & Training (SECUNDA) (TP) 
    7. MOVING AHEAD DEVELOPMENT AGENCY 
    8. PHAKGAMANG MATSIANA BUSINESS ENTERPRISE 
    9. The Water Training Institute of South Africa 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.