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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify, select and co-ordinate value engineering project life cycle phase 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114601  Identify, select and co-ordinate value engineering project life cycle phase 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Engineering 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard will be useful for people who are required to apply Value Engineering
The person credited with this Unit Standard will be able to:
  • Defining scope of the project.
  • Identifying and selecting process.
  • Co-ordinating the process over the various life cycle phases. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that Learners accessing this Unit Standard will have:
  • Demonstrated competence in mathematics and communication skills at NQF level 4 or equivalent.
  • Demonstrated competence in computer literacy and applicable software at NQF level 3 or equivalent.
  • The ability to source, gather, analyse and synthesise information using a variety of data collection and organising techniques.
  • A broad understanding of the concept of product, project and operational life cycle.
  • A broad understanding of business cost.
  • A general understanding of product orientated and general management processes.
  • An ability to Apply Functional Value to engineering design. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • When identifying, selecting and co-ordinating value engineering project life cycle phases, it will include all products, services, processes and systems in a business environment. (considering the implication of cost, compliance and timing.)
  • The identifying, selecting and co-ordinating can be conducted in a simple / multi-disciplinary group or individually.
  • Subject matter expertise pertaining to the project is not essential, but must then be supplied by someone in the project team. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Define the scope of a project. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The structures required to complete the project are defined in terms of obtaining best value. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The deliverables of the project are described in terms of the expected scope. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Deliverables include cost, time, resources and commitments.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The phases of the project are recognised and explained in terms of the VE Job-plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The project environment is defined in terms of inside / outside battery limits (IBL / OBL). 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identiy and select Value Engineering Processes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Processes are identified in terms of appropriate life cycle phases in the VE Job-Plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Processes are selected through the use of industry accepted criteria. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A schedule of responsibilities is drawn up in terms of project requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Co-ordinate the processes over various life cycle phases. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The relationship between process and sequence is explained in terms of the VE Job-Plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Value Engineering processes are applied in terms of meeting project goals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Value Engineering processes are recorded and approved at the end each process phase. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A project report is generated and communicated in terms of outcomes achieved and difficulties encountered. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The project is planned according to the selective processes, resources and timing criteria to comply with the project life cycle. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.

    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.

    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • A comprehensive understanding of the elements of project definition: uniqueness, constraints of time and resources, specified deliverables.
  • A basic understanding of the use of life cycle approach in the control of projects.
  • A broad understanding of the concept of products, project and operations life cycles.
  • A broad understanding of general management processes.
  • An in-depth understanding of how various role-players are involved over the project and product life cycle.
  • A comprehensive understanding of the basic terminology, methodology and definitions of value engineering. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems associated with project life cycle phases in terms of control. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others when implementing life cycle phases. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information pertaining to the implementation of project life cycle phases. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively when co-ordinating processes over the various life cycle phases. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology in correlating the various life cycles. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology

    Functional Value:

    "Value as used in Value Engineering / Value Management can be defined as: The lowest cost to reliably provide the required functions or service at the desired time and place and with the essential quality."
    Value = Function
    Cost
    e.g. The lower the cost for optimum functionality - the better the value.

    Function:

    A function is the basic, secondary or tertiary purpose of a product, system, service or process.

    Cost:

    Cost is the sum of all factors involved in achieving the function of a product, system, service or process. Cost should not be confused with price.

    Value Engineering (VE)

    Value Engineering (VE) is a collection of techniques designed to examine all the cost components of a product or system in order to determine whether any cost item can be reduced or eliminated without detracting from its functional and quality elements.

    Compliance

    Compliance with all and existing legislation, standards and work practices, relevant to the project being evaluated.

    Life cycle cost

    All activities and their cost incurred during the entire duration of the project that includes the design, construction, manufacturing and commissioning phases, as well as the entire operational life and final shut down of a facility or disposal of a product. Another name for Life Cycle Cost is LCC.

    Co-ordinate

    All aspects and resources are organised in an effective manner to meet the project milestones.

    Terminology: (continued)

    VE Job-Plan

    The following specific phases make up a VE Job-plan:

    Information Phase:
  • Definition of scope
  • Selection of resources (people and materials) for the project
  • Objective setting
  • Supporting information gathering

    Function Phase:
  • Identification of functional requirements
  • Analysis of functional relationship
  • Prioritising of functional requirements

    Innovation and Creativity Phase:
  • Application of creative and innovative methods to identify workable solutions, alternative ideas in line with the functional requirements

    Evaluation Phase:
  • Evaluation of solutions, alternative ideas against functional requirements
  • Prioritising of solutions, alternative ideas for further investigations

    Investigation Phase:
  • Feasibility studies
  • Risk Assessments
  • Financial justifications

    Recommendation Phase:
  • Consolidation of information
  • Cost / benefit analysis
  • Workshop, Study and/or Management reports

    Implementation Phase:
  • Co-ordination / responsibility - accountability allocations
  • Planning / action plan monitoring

    Audit Phase:
  • Measurement of actual project outcome against the original scope and the expected benefits, costs and other expectations

    Terminology: (continued)

    VE Process:

    If we analyse, we ask questions. Here is a list of typical questions and if we refer to our VE Process, we see the logical and step-by-step approach to finding the answers.

    VE Job-Plan Phases: VE Process Questions:

    1. Information Phase What is it?

    2. Function Phase What does it do?

    3. Innovation and Creative Phase What else will do it?

    4. Evaluation Phase How will it work?

    5. Investigation Phase How best can that be accomplished?

    6. Recommendation Phase What is required to change?

    7. Implementation Phase How is change implemented?

    8. Audit Phase How effective was the change?


    VE Projects:

    The scope of a project that requires the application of the VE Process


    Battery Limits (IBL / OBL)

    The project is divided into two sections:

    IBL: All activities clearly defined within the project scope, or Inside the Battery Limits.

    OBL: All activities that have an expected impact on the project but are clearly defined as being outside the project scope, or Outside the Battery Limits.
    The OBL factors may have a significant impact on the cost or programme of the project and therefore have to be considered and evaluated. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49745   National Certificate: Value Engineering  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  QCTO 
    Core  49469   National Diploma: Complex Procurement  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30   
    Elective  58309   National Diploma: Project Management  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.