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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Justify disclosure or non-disclosure of information in an ethical framework 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116488  Justify disclosure or non-disclosure of information in an ethical framework 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Ethical Foundations of Society World of Ideas 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies Religious and Ethical Foundations of Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is intended for those learners who need to understand and apply ethical principles to the disclosure and use of information in order to ensure high standards of ethical conduct for the sector, workplace or institution.

It further empowers learners to regulate their own moral conduct based on the principles of these ethical principles which guide learners to determine for themselves which actions or forms of behaviour are within the limits of their authority, confidence and trust.
Typical learners may be working towards a full qualification, or working within an environment where the acquisition of competence against this unit standard will add value to the learners working situation and/or professional performance and expertise.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe and explain the key ethical concepts that govern disclosure of information.
  • Describe clear boundaries for the intended application of disclosure of information .
  • Evaluate the implementation of ethical principles for the disclosure and use of information.
  • Apply strategies to address irregularities and expectations in the use, protection and disclosure of information 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Communications at NQF Level 3, or equivalent.
  • Learners would benefit from the foundation offered by the Unit Standard: "Identify the basis for distinctions between morally acceptable and unacceptable behaviour in society". 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe and explain the key ethical concepts that govern disclosure of information. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Contexts for disclosure include: within the limits of their authority, in confidence and trust, and within the normal requirements of the workplace/sector/institution. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The description provides clear boundaries for the types of information that may not be disclosed for ethical reasons within the sector, workplace or institution. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Ethical principles that govern the disclosure of information in the particular work context are identified and explained in accordance with widely accepted definitions and best practice in the sector. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reasons for non-disclosure are explained by referring to ethical principles for a particular sector, workplace or institution within own domain. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Reasons include: motivation for ethical procedures for conducting professional and personal affairs, at the workplace/sector/institution, and the justification for commitment to honour positions of confidence and trust within the limits of authority.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe clear boundaries and guidelines for the intended application of disclosure of information. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Boundaries and guidelines are defined with reference to current legislation on disclosure, including compulsory disclosure in cases of illegal practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The application of ethical principles for the disclosure or non-disclosure of information is discussed with reference to goals and procedures for a specified context. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Information includes: client contacts, strategic business information, forward planning, formulas, new developments, sales information.
  • Contexts include: sites (work, community, home), product (promotion, production), interactions, copyright and plagiarism.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The boundaries and guidelines set identify and describe clearly the ethical implications of actions and applications with respect to disclosure and non-disclosure of information. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The boundaries and guidelines set provide clear distinctions between the unethical non-disclosure and unethical disclosure, with by referring to ways in which the legal system and codes of conduct are abused. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Routines for seeking guidance before disclosure and use of information outside the normal requirements of the workplace, sector or institution meet the requirements of key ethical concepts and frameworks. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Evaluate the implementation of ethical principles for the disclosure and use of information. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Contexts include: access to technical, administrative, commercial, financial, information and records of the workplace/sector/institution; the application of confidentiality with regards to such records and information when dealing with third parties. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Responsibilities governing the disclosure and use of information are identified and differentiated in terms of legal and ethical implications for particular contexts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Examples of responsible sharing and/or disclosure are identified. The examples are relevant to the particular context, and show clearly how ethical principles are applied in cases specific to the sector, workplace or institution. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Instances of false, part and full disclosure of information are identified, differentiated and analysed in terms of ethical implications and consequences for selective and public disclosure of information. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Public disclosure includes: media, advertising.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The influence of relevant ethical principles on policy for the use and disclosure of computerized data within the particular sector, workplace or institution is identified and described in relation to ethical concepts and frameworks. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Contexts include: dealing with storage, access, computer resources, hardware, networks, database and software property.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Apply strategies to address irregularities and expectations in the use, protection and disclosure of information. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Irregularities include: unauthorised access to information of the workplace/sector/institution - which involve passwords, hacking, manipulation, alteration, licensed software, or any other interference with computer systems, and/or confidential information. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Principles for protecting the integrity of information against unauthorised access and irregularities are identified and described in line with generally accepted definitions in the field. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Principles include: moral principles, ethical goals.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Procedures for protecting the integrity of information against unauthorised access and irregularities are logical, clear, practical, and in line with the principles for disclosure and non-disclosure. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Practical application includes: established routines and applied policy on disclosure.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Procedures are reviewed at agreed intervals for their effectiveness as protective measures, and revisions prepared are consistent with ethical principles and promote effective protection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Assurances of confidentiality and respect for information are obtained from third parties involved in the disclosure or non-disclosure of information, according to established policy and procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Assessment of this Unit Standard should be contextual, practical and be conducted in the workplace as far as possible.
  • Assessors must be registered as assessors with the appropriate ETQA.
  • Moderators must be registered as assessors with the appropriate ETQA, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the appropriate ETQA.
  • The mechanisms and requirements for moderation should be applied as per the SAQA criteria.
  • Assessment should include both formative and summative assessment.
  • Training providers must be accredited by the appropriate ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the appropriate ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems by identifying underlying causes of actions that reflect unauthorized access to information and irregularities with regard to the ethics that govern disclosure and use of information, as implemented for the workplace, sector or institution. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working as a team by cooperating with peers and management/leaders to determine the meaning of honouring confidence and trust within, and outside the limits of authority as it applies to disclosure and non-disclosure of information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself by ensuring that principles and strategies of the workplace, sector or institution contained in the ethics for disclosure of information are understood, and that implementation of the accepted policy is functionally integrated in each individual and group situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information and behaviour by identifying and analysing the consequences of irregularities such as unauthorized disclosure of information and misuse of computerized resources. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, as when planning skills development strategies and programmes that foster an uncompromising adherence to the established ethics governing disclosure and use of information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology as when using technologies like audio-visual, computer equipment, video material in ways that protect information, and prevent unauthorised access or distribution. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Fundamental  58183   National Diploma: Forensic Pathology Support  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  59889   Further Education and Training Certificate: Military Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2010-01-25  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  78143   Further Education and Training Certificate: Military Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  57651   National Certificate: Forensic Science  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  59258   National Certificate: Polygraphy  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. SA ARMY GYMNASIUM 
    2. SOUTH AFRICAN AIR FORCE COLLEGE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.