SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of basic occupational hygiene principles 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116523  Demonstrate knowledge of basic occupational hygiene principles 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Occupational Health and Safety 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons who are required to demonstrate knowledge of basic Occupational Hygiene principles. Persons credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe the history of Occupational Hygiene.
  • Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to basic Occupational Hygiene functions.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of specified requirements pertaining to Occupational Hygiene. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The ability to read, write and communicate at NQF level 1 or equivalent will facilitate better understanding and proficiency in this unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the Unit Standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the history and development of Occupational Hygiene. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the history of Occupational Hygiene is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the development of standards in terms of health and safety is according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the role and functions of government departments and relevant organisations in terms of health and safety is according to specified requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate knowledge pertaining to basic Occupational Hygiene functions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the definitions relevant to Occupational Hygiene is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the functions of Occupational Hygiene discipline is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the environmental factors in the working place is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The explanation of the methodologies to be followed in the anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of environmental factors is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation of the method of conducting an occupational hygiene risk assessment process is consistent with specified requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate knowledge of specified requirements pertaining to Occupational Hygiene. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the requirements of an Occupational Hygiene Programme is consistent with legal requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the requirements of Occupational Hygiene Codes of Practice is consistent with legal requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of Occupational Hygiene appointments/engagement is in compliance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The explanation of the accessibility of occupational exposure limits is according to specified requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Assessment of learner achievements takes place at providers accredited by a relevant ETQA (RSA, 1998b) for the provision of programmes that result in the outcomes specified for this Unit Standard. Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with a relevant ETQA. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with a relevant ETQA. The relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures will oversee moderation of assessment and is responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this Unit Standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Learners are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the learner's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the Unit Standard.

    Credited learners understand and can explain:
  • Characteristics and occurrences of environmental factors.
  • Types of detection and measurement methodologies for environmental factors.
  • Limitations of various detection and measuring methodologies.
  • Effects that specified environmental factors have on the health and safety of people
  • Importance of evaluating for environmental factors.
  • Circumstances that necessitate evaluation of environmental factors.
  • Use of instruments and accessories.
  • Instruments' and their accessories' principle of operation, range, use and limitations.
  • Importance of examining and calibrating instruments.
  • Safe handling and use of specified instruments.
  • Consequences for health, safety and productivity of dealing with defective and used equipment, continuously assessing health and safety hazards and risks, dangers of accessing sites without meeting access requirements, examining and correctly using personal protective equipment, testing for gas according to specified requirements, compliance with exposure levels, dealing with conditions, environmental factors, and limitations that can influence readings, evaluating test results and taking appropriate action.
  • Occupational exposure limits and limits for temperatures.
  • Action to be taken when temperatures are encountered outside legal exposure levels.
  • Conditions, environmental factors, and limitations that can influence readings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Solve problems related to the detection, analysis, and recording of environmental factors by implementing remedial and preventative measures. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team/group/organisation/community by accepting, interpreting and delegating instructions correctly, if and when required, in a context-appropriate manner. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively by meeting specified requirements, recording test results in specified formats, and taking appropriate action where necessary. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, organise and critically evaluate information to correct for conditions, environmental factors, and limitations that can influence readings, interpret information obtained, and take appropriate action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematics and language skills in the modes of oral and written presentations to record and report test results. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically (showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others) to select the appropriate methods and instruments for testing for environmental factors. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by taking appropriate actions based on the evaluation of test results and reporting results to relevant designated persons, confirming that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have an interrelated effect. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this Unit Standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the learner competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this Unit Standard, that the learner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Legal requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • OHS Act and Regulations 85/1993
  • Mine Health and Safety Act and Regulations 29/1996
  • Guideline for mandatory Codes of Practice

    Site-specific requirements:

    Specified requirements include site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:
  • Managerial instructions
  • Codes of Practice
  • Company Standards
  • Standard Task Procedures
  • Health Management Program
  • Risk Assessment Documentation
  • Working Guides
  • Manufacturers' specifications 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48804   National Certificate: Occupational Safety, Hygiene and Environment  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2008-11-26  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49596   National Certificate: Radiation Monitoring  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.