SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Describe the basic environmental factors of ventilating an underground working place to ensure a safe and healthy working environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116670  Describe the basic environmental factors of ventilating an underground working place to ensure a safe and healthy working environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2004-12-02  2007-08-16  SAQA 0857/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-08-16   2011-08-16  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
244400  Describe the basic environmental factors of ventilating an underground working place to ensure a safe and healthy working environment  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector.

This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of the basic environmental factors of ventilating and underground working place in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Outline the necessity for ventilating a working place
  • Describe the methods of ventilating a working place
  • Describe the basic effects on workers and action to be taken in terms of exposure to hazardous environmental conditions
  • Describe the methods of controlling ventilation in a working place and sections thereof. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Understanding of basic mining terminology
  • Understanding of typical basic underground hard rock mining services, processes and layouts. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Outline the necessity for ventilating a working place. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The reasons for ventilating a working place are explained in terms of specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the principle of workplace ventilation is in accordance with specified requirements.. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Demonstrate basic knowledge of specified requirements pertaining to environmental conditions in a working place. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The explanation of the sources of workplace contaminants is according to specified requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe the methods of ventilating a working place. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The methods of ventilating a working place, and sections thereof, is described in terms of specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of using the correct method of ventilating a workplace is explained in terms of consequences to health and safety. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe the basic effects on workers and action to be taken in terms of exposure to hazardous environmental conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The effects that hazardous environmental conditions have on the safety and health of workers are explained in terms of specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of environmental conditions must include:
  • Temperature
  • Humidity
  • Air movement
  • Contaminants
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the action to be taken, when environmental conditions do not conform, is according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the appropriate escape strategy procedure during an emergency is in accordance with specified requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe the methods of controlling ventilation in a working place and sections thereof. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The methods of controlling ventilation in a working place and sections thereof are described in terms of specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation regarding the basic layout and ventilation appliances installed in a working place is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range of basic layout and ventilation appliances must include:
  • Column discharge distance
  • Ventilation control position
  • Air recirculation
  • Fan switch positions
  • Extraction systems.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA .
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard.
  • Reasons for ventilating a workplace
  • Principles of ventilation
  • Methods of ventilating a workplace
  • Methods of controlling ventilation in a workplace
  • Describe the basic effects on workers and action to be taken in terms of exposure to hazardous environmental conditions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
    Note: The ability of the candidate to understand the action to be taken should environmental conditions not conform to standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
    Note: The ability of the candidate to understand the action to be taken to safeguard fellow workers against adverse environmental conditions. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
    Note: The ability of the candidate to understand the basic environmental factors of ventilating an underground workplace and the effects of sub standard environmental conditions. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
    Note: Not relevant for this unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
    Note: The ability of the candidate to effectively explain the basic environmental factors of ventilating an underground workplace will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
    Note: The ability of the candidate to use equipment, follow processes and access and record data in a technological environment in accordance with environmental, occupational health and safety requirements. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
    Note: The ability of the candidate to identify and refer anomalous behaviour to a specialist confirms understanding that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have a devastating effect. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 244400, which is "Describe the basic environmental factors of ventilating an underground working place to ensure a safe and healthy working environment", Level 2, 3 Credits.

    Terminology

    Specified requirements

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act and Regulations, 1996 (Act 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act 50/1991)
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice
  • SANS and other relevant Standards
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives/Instructions
  • Guidelines issued by the Chief Inspector of Mines

    Site-specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA)
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme
  • Managerial Instructions
  • Mine Standard Procedures
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks
  • Working Guides
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications.

    Unit standard justification

    Level

    Attribute-Level-Justification
    Skills-2-Moderate in range
    Procedures-2-Established and familiar
    Context-2-Routine and familiar
    Knowledge-2-Basic operational.
    Information processing-1-Recall
    Problem Solving-2-Known solutions to familiar problems
    Orientation of activities-1-Directed
    Application of responsibility-1-Under close supervision
    Orientation of scope of responsibility-1-No responsibility for work and learning of others

    Average level: 14/9 = 1.6 actual level assigned: = 2

    Credits

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity-Hours
    Classroom Teaching-10
    On-The-Job Training-10
    Mentoring required-8
    Other (Specify)-0
    Total-28

    Credits achieved: 28/10 = 2.8 credits assigned: = 3. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49013   National Certificate: Mining Operations: Underground Hard Rock  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  Was MQA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  58267   General Education and Training Certificate: Mining and Minerals Processes  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  58248   National Certificate: Laboratory Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2008-08-05  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Adcorp Technical Training 
    2. Anglo American Platinum Limited 
    3. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    4. BAFOKENG RASIMONE MANAGEMENT SERVICES PTY LTD 
    5. BANA BA THARI MINING TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    6. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE 
    7. Concor Projects (pty) Ltd 
    8. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE (PTY) LTD 
    9. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    10. ERGO BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    11. Exxaro Coal Pty Ltd 
    12. Finsch Diamonds Mine 
    13. FOSKOR Pty Ltd 
    14. Fundisa Zonke Training Academy 
    15. Glencore Operation South Africa (Pty) Ltd 
    16. Glencore Operations South Africa (PTY) LTD - Eastern Mines 
    17. HARMONY GOLD MINING COMPANY LIMITED 
    18. Hotazel Manganese Mines (pty)ltd 
    19. IMPALA PLATINUM LIMITED 
    20. IMPALA PLATINUM LIMITED - RUSTENBURG 
    21. KHUTALA COLLIERY 
    22. Kumba Sishen HRD Centre 
    23. LAFARGE SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    24. Marula PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    25. Mathome Training & Development 
    26. MATLA COLLIERY 
    27. MESSINA PLATINUM MINES 
    28. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    29. MINTEK 
    30. MODIKWA PLATINUM MINE 
    31. MURRAY & ROBERTS CEMENTATION PTY LTD 
    32. NKOMATI MINE 
    33. NORTHAM PLATINUM LIMITED 
    34. Palabora Copper Pty Ltd 
    35. PRETORIA PORTLAND CEMENT CO_LTD (HEAD OFFICE) 
    36. Prisma Training Solutions 
    37. Rand Uranium (Pty) Ltd 
    38. Richtrau No 177 Pty Ltd t/a Bokoni Platinum Mines (Lebowa Platinum Mines) 
    39. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    40. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    41. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    42. Sibanye Gold Limited - Beatrix division 
    43. Sibanye Gold Limited - Kloof division 
    44. TSHEPO RECRUITMENT MINNING(PTY)LTD 
    45. TWO RIVERS PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    46. VENETIA MINE 
    47. WESTERN PLATINUM KAREE MINE 
    48. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    49. XSTRATA COAL 
    50. Xtrata SA Pty Ltd t/a Xstrata Alloys Business Unit Western mines 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.