SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Design, prototype, test and refine products or services 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116784  Design, prototype, test and refine products or services 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  20 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
In order to run a sustainable and competitive business, a master craftsperson would be engaged in solving problems, developing solutions, developing new products or services, and introducing new technology, machinery, equipment or services.
This would involve the following activities:
  • Finding solutions for technical problems
  • Evaluating the technical, practical, legal, financial and resources implications
  • Incorporating all these considerations into a detailed plan
  • Implementing a plan, and monitoring and adjusting the implementation until the new process or programme is running effectively
  • Working effectively with people at all levels, eg workers, artisans, technicians and engineers, customers, associations, etc.

    In order to do this effectively, learners will have an in-depth knowledge and understanding of:
  • All the factors which influence the technology and the markets
  • All the latest developments in the field
  • All laws, regulations and standards which govern activities in the field
  • What works and does not work in practice
  • How to influence people and systems in order to prepare for the successful implementation of a new process or programme.

    Learners can be assessed against this unit standard in any of the following contexts:
  • An autonomous or semi-autonomous business unit within a larger organisation
  • Own business.

    Typical examples of such processes or programmes would be:
  • Manufacture or assembly of a new piece of complex or precision equipment
  • Maintenance programmes for a complex installation
  • Installation of complex machinery and equipment at a site.

    The skills, knowledge and values reflected in this unit standard are closely linked to the skills of:
  • Financial and market analysis
  • Developing and implementing a manufacturing, installation or service plan.

    The skills, the knowledge and the values reflected in this unit standard form part of the exit level outcomes required for the National Degree in Master Craftsmanship at NQF Level 6. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credits for this unit standard assume that learners have an NQF Level 5 Diploma in Master Craftsmanship. They also assume that learners are working towards their qualification as part of a learning programme which integrates all the required unit standards for the qualification at this level, including product and service design principles, project management and financial evaluation tools. In particular the learning assumed in this unit standard assumes skills in developing and implementing manufacturing, installation or service plans.

    Learning time will increase if learners do not have:
  • A relevant NQF Level 5 qualification
  • Extensive experience in a relevant field.

    Learning time will be decreased if they have experience in this field because:
  • Their learning programmes will be adjusted to build on what they already know
  • They can apply to have their prior learning recognised 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes determine the scope and level of this unit standard. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify and understand customer needs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Clear and complete procedure for identifying and understanding needs (Includes dealing with modifications and additional features) 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Procedure followed correctly, timeously and consistently 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Needs identified are all valid and appropriate 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Communication with all relevant parties is adequate and clear 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    SHE and quality aspects are addressed 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    SHE means safety, health and the environment
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Consequences of inadequate identification or understanding is known 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Interpret customer specifications and determine or develop design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Interpretation of customer specification is valid and appropriate 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Appropriate procedure to develop design is developed and applied 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Designs identified are valid, relevant and meet specification requirements 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Problems arising are timeously identified and effective corrective action is applied 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Relevant SHE and quality aspects are considered consistently 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Consequences of wrong or incomplete interpretation of design are known 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Plan and do risk assessment of design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Documented procedure for plan is complete and valid 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Plan is accurately documented with all relevant steps 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Risk assessment procedure is clearly and completely documented 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Plan is properly implemented 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Deviations are quickly identified and valid modifications are made to plan 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Risk assessment procedure is properly applied 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Consequences of a poor plan and inadequate assessment are explained 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Problems identified are dealt with properly 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Plan the production of a prototype. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Plan is complete with all documentation and required resources in place 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Evidence shows that during the planning stage, consideration was given to SHE and Quality aspects 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Initial manufacturing procedures are in place 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Consequences of inadequate planning are explained 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Make and test a prototype. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    All requirements to make the prototype are identified and procured 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Valid resources are identified for making of prototype 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Test plan is accurately detailed and implemented 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    consequences of a poor process and inadequate tests are explained and discussed 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Gather all test data, and identify and implement refinements to the design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Accurate test data is gathered and documented following reliable procedures 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Data is analysed and deviations are identified 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Procedures and systems are amended to correct deviations 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Refinement results are measured and recorded accurately 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Consequences of inaccurate data, incomplete analysis, and ineffective implementation are explained and discussed 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of a relevant Education and Training Quality Assurance body, which has jurisdiction over this field of learning. The assessor will be accredited and have a qualification in Master Craftsmanship at NQF Level 6 or an appropriate NQF Level 7 qualification, with experience of running a small or medium business or autonomous business unit within a larger organisation. Since it is unlikely that there will be sufficient qualified people in the early stages of the life of this qualification, ETQAs should be allowed to make interim arrangements such as:
    1. Assessor panels
    2. People experienced in the field but without formal qualifications, eg current or retired owners of successful businesses or respected managers in organisations

    Learners can be assessed in the language of their choice although if they have to report incidents or conditions to someone else, they will be assessed on their ability to report in the language commonly used in my working environment.

    They will be assessed in a workplace but can submit documents, projects, test results and assignments that were not produced in the workplace.

    They can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The activities in this unit standard require a extensive practical experience integrated with a thorough knowledge and understanding of theory and the options related to the technical field. It is assumed that the learners being assessed will have participated in formal structured learning processes to acquire the relevant knowledge. What follows are broad guidelines to the kind of content of such structured learning processes.

    1. Concepts, names & functions of:
  • Materials, products and components
  • Mathematical formulae
  • Reading of plans and drawings

    2. Purpose of:
  • Machines, components and instruments
  • Marketing plans

    3. Attributes, descriptions, characteristics & properties:
  • Materials and components
  • Liquids and gases

    4. Sensory cues:
  • Smells
  • Visual

    5. Processes and events:
  • Manufacturing process

    6. Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Competition and markets
  • Demand and supply

    7. Procedures and techniques:
  • Designing new products
  • Conducting market analysis

    8. Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Laws and regulations governing the industry

    9. Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Process and product design
  • Advanced principles of technology, new developments
  • Project management

    10. Relationships, systems:
  • Customers, suppliers and distributors 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Technical and process problems
  • Problems related to technical data 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information
  • Test results
  • Design plans 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • Suppliers and customers
  • Team members 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • During the design phase
  • During the implementation phase
  • During the testing phase 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • Competition
  • Customers, suppliers and distributors 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information

    How credits were determined

    Activity - Hours - Notes
    Classroom learning - 60 Hours
    On-the-job learning - 102 Hours
    Self directed learning - 24 Hours - Assignments, projects
    Coaching required - 10 Hours - One-to-one passing on of tips and expert practice
    Other - 4 Hours - Preparation of portfolios
    Total - 200 Hours
    Credits - 20 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49060   National Degree: Master Craftsmanship (Electrical)  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  Reregistered  2021-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.