SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Institute preventive measures to reduce the potential impact of disasters 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117016  Institute preventive measures to reduce the potential impact of disasters 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Ancillary Health Care 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Preventive Health 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  14 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2007-09-18  2009-02-18  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2010-02-18   2013-02-18  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
260382  Institute preventive measures to reduce the potential impact of disasters  Level 4  NQF Level 04  15  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons required to institute pre-emptive measures and inculcate a preventive culture in terms of potential disasters.

The learner should be familiar with the demography of the area of potential practice and have knowledge of the community and the ability to communicate effectively within their cultural context. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
The following competencies:
  • Unit standard 9823: Perform basic life support and/or first aid procedures in emergencies
  • Unit standard 9826: Assist community members to access services in accordance with their health related human rights
  • Demonstrate leadership skills

    The learner who requests RPL will be required to meet all the criteria set out in the assessment criteria and assessment notes of this unit standard as well as that of the learning assumed to be in place. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope of this unit standard includes the following but not limited to:
  • Types of disaster: droughts, floods, fires, sinkholes, tornadoes, lightning, epidemics, combustible substances, overcrowding, conflict
  • Resources: Community health committees, R.D.P. structures, Local authorities, NGOs, CBOs, Provincial Authorities, Private Sector, Churches, Schools
  • The learner must demonstrate competence in reducing the impact of disasters in at least one rural and one urban community. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of disasters in the community 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Disasters include droughts, floods, fires, sinkholes, tornadoes, lightning, epidemics, combustible substances, overcrowding, and conflict. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The possible disasters in a given community are identified in terms of the likelihood of occurrence and the impact on the community. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The community must include at least one rural and one urban community.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Causes of disasters are identified and explained in terms of their contribution to the disaster. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Ways of eliminating causes and/or reducing the impact of the disaster are explained in accordance with the type of disaster identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Indications of pending disasters are identified in terms of signs and symptoms. Required actions to reduce the impact of the disaster are identified in terms of immediate and long-term actions. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify and coordinate relevant resources to resolve potential disasters. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Volunteers from the community are identified, prepared and coordinated in accordance with their areas of expertise. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Multidisciplinary disaster management teams are generated in accordance with available expertise and the likelihood of occurrence of specific disasters. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Community leaders are motivated in terms of their involvement and that of the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Emergency Services are informed and involved in terms of their role in the management of disasters. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Ways of preventing disasters in the community are communicated clearly in a manner that is appropriate to the understanding of the community. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the Disaster Continuum of both slow and sudden onset disasters. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The disaster continuum is explained in terms of the sequence and flow of events. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The difference between a slow and sudden onset disaster is explained in terms of the impact on the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Methods of managing slow onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Methods of managing sudden onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Differentiate between various types of disasters that may affect the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Hazards, natural and man-made disasters are differentiated between in terms of the causes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The main hazards that may affect the community are identified and categorised in terms of their potential impact on the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Man-made disasters that may affect the community are identified in terms of their potential impact on the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The possible natural disasters that may affect the community are identified in terms of their potential impact on the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Preventive measures planned are relevant to the community in terms of the types of disasters identified. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Establish and maintain disaster management systems. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A disaster management plan is developed in accordance with the needs and available resources of the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The disaster management plan is explained in terms of the actions required and the benefits to the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The disaster management plan is reviewed and modified as required to ensure relevance to the community. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The disaster management plan is established in the community in accordance with best practice principles to reduce the impact of disasters that occur. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Develop a culture of prevention. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The community members are briefed about local disasters and their effects on the community in terms of how they may be minimized or prevented. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Community members are encouraged to play an active role in the prevention of potential disasters. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Community members are involved in the planning of disaster management programmes. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing the learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be registered with the
    HWSETA.
  • The moderation of this standard will also be conducted by the ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Disaster related services
  • Causal factors of disasters

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties of all disasters

    Sensory cues:
  • All 5 senses to be employed

    Purpose of:
  • Disaster related structures

    Events, causes and effects, implications of all disasters

    Categories:
  • Sudden onset
  • Slow onset
  • Natural and man made

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Early evacuations
  • Orderly evacuation procedures
  • Storage of emergency rations
  • Implementation of disaster management procedures

    Regulation, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • National
  • Provincial
  • Local

    Theory, rules, principles, laws:
  • Causal factors of a disaster

    Relationships, systems:
  • Families / friends
  • Community
  • Disaster and related systems 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems.
  • Lack of disaster management structures

    Assessment Criteria:
  • The possible disasters in a given community are identified in terms of the likelihood of occurrence and the impact on the community.
  • Causes of disasters are identified and explained in terms of their contribution to the disaster.
  • Ways of eliminating causes and/or reducing the impact of the disaster are explained in accordance with the type of disaster identified.
  • Volunteers from the community are identified, prepared and coordinated in accordance with their areas of expertise. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others.
  • Evacuation teams
  • Rescue teams

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Volunteers from the community are identified, prepared and coordinated in accordance with their areas of expertise.
  • The disaster continuum is explained in terms of the sequence and flow of events.
  • The difference between a slow and sudden onset disaster is explained in terms of the impact on the community.
  • Methods of managing slow onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities.
  • Methods of managing sudden onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage activities.
  • Disaster management activities.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • The community members are briefed about local disasters and their effects on the community in terms of how they may be minimized or prevented.
  • Community members are encouraged to play an active role in the prevention of potential disasters.
  • Community members are involved in the planning of disaster management programmes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Research of occurrence of natural disasters in service areas.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • A disaster management plan is developed in accordance with the needs and available resources of the community.
  • The disaster management plan is explained in terms of the actions required and the benefits to the community.
  • The disaster management plan is reviewed and modified as required to ensure relevance to the community. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively.
  • With community structures, rescue teams etc.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Multidisciplinary disaster management teams are generated in accordance with available expertise and the likelihood of occurrence of specific disasters.
  • The disaster continuum is explained in terms of the sequence and flow of events.
  • The difference between a slow and sudden onset disaster is explained in terms of the impact on the community.
  • Methods of managing slow onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities.
  • Methods of managing sudden onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use appropriate science and technology effectively and critically.

    Assessment Criteria:
  • Methods of managing sudden onset disasters are described in terms of preventive and retaliation activities.
  • Hazards, natural and man-made disasters are differentiated between in terms of the causes.
  • The main hazards that may affect the community are identified and categorised in terms of their potential impact on the community.
  • A disaster management plan is developed in accordance with the needs and available resources of the community.
  • The disaster management plan is explained in terms of the actions required and the benefits to the community.
  • The disaster management plan is reviewed and modified as required to ensure relevance to the community. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • Cause and effect of disasters
  • Community structures
  • Rescue teams and command posts

    Assessment Criteria:
  • The possible disasters in a given community are identified in terms of the likelihood of occurrence and the impact on the community.
  • Causes of disasters are identified and explained in terms of their contribution to the disaster.
  • Ways of eliminating causes and/or reducing the impact of the disaster are explained in accordance with the type of disaster identified.
  • A disaster management plan is developed in accordance with the needs and available resources of the community.
  • The disaster management plan is explained in terms of the actions required and the benefits to the community.
  • The disaster management plan is reviewed and modified as required to ensure relevance to the community.
  • Community members are involved in the planning of disaster management programmes. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 260382, which is "Institute preventive measures to reduce the potential impact of disasters", Level 4, 15 credits.

    Credit Allocation
  • Classroom learning: 40 hours
  • On-the-job learning: 60 hours
  • Self directed learning: 20 hours
  • Coaching required: 10 hours
  • Other Site Visit: 10 hours
  • TOTAL: 140 hours

    Credits achieved: 14 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  60249   National Certificate: Primary Response in Emergencies  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2010-06-02  HW SETA 
    Elective  49085   National Certificate: Fundamental Ancillary Health Care  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49128   National Certificate: Community Health Work  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-04-08  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49131   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Health Work  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Indlela Yempilo Consulting cc 
    2. Sentahle Community Home Based Care 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.