SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Extract timber to a landing using a forwarder in a production situation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117045  Extract timber to a landing using a forwarder in a production situation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  35 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit is for people who extract timber to a landing using a forwarder in a production situation. People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the forwarder.
  • Prepare the forwarder for extraction.
  • Prepare for extraction.
  • Extract timber to a landing using a forwarder in a production situation.
  • Park, shut-down and maintain the forwarder after use. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Demonstrate knowledge of basic safety in forestry operations.
    Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Competence can be demonstrated on any forwarder, excluding modified tractors and tractor/trailer combinations. Demonstration of competence will take place "on-the-job" in a production situation. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the forwarder. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety features on the forwarder are identified and their purpose explained according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Consequences of overloading and operating the forwarder outside its capabilities are explained in terms of the effect on safety and damage to the machine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Safe loading capacity of the crane and the principles involved in loading are explained in terms of manufacturer's requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Loads that can be lifted at various distances from the machine, move timber closer to machine before attempting to lift the load when required, type and size of grab.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Optimal weight and load size to be extracted are identified according to manufacturer's requirements and varying conditions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Varying conditions include underfoot conditions and slope.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Slope, terrain and ground clearance limitations are explained according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Hazards specific to operating forwarders and ways to minimise these are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terrain, slope, ground conditions, machine speed, stability, suitability and state of repair, proximity of other workers and machines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The importance of pre-operational and post-operational checks is explained in terms of prolonging the machine life, maximising productivity, minimising cost, enhancing safety and minimising down-time. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Service intervals of the forwarder are stated according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare and start-up the forwarder for extraction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools and equipment required, are checked for completeness and serviceability, and rectifying action is taken, if required. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Fire extinguisher, grease gun, wheel spanner, and tools & accessories as required for specific operation.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Pre-operational checks are performed according appropriate checklist. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Appropriate checklist is any one or combination of the following:
  • Manufacturer's checklist
  • Company specific checklist.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Checklist is completed according to procedures and corrective action is taken, if required, to ensure compliance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Machine is started according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Warning from machine indicators and gauges are explained, corrective actions are described and the consequences of failing to address are described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Corrective action is taken according to manufacturer's requirements and standard operating procedures if warnings from indicators and gauges are received. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or report.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Safe work practices are adhered to throughout preparation and start-up. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare for extraction. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety requirements applicable to the operation are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Machine safety, entry into felling zones and landings, proximity of other workers and machines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    All personal protective equipment required, is checked for functionality and used in terms of company policy and legal requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Operational requirements are explained in terms of extraction routes, slopes, landing locations, special management zones, timber flow and production target. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Work area is checked for hazards and corrective action taken according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Extract timber using a forwarder in a production situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Forwarder is manoeuvred and controlled effectively within safe operating limits specified by the manufacturer and section 4.3.5 of the Guidelines. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Forward, reverse, left, right, stop, start, gear selection, engine revolutions, braking, speed, travelling empty and loaded. All of the competencies to be performed on flat terrain, gradient and side slope. All of the competencies to be performed on forest roads must be demonstrated on flat terrain and on gradient.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Forwarder performance is continuously monitored and corrective action taken, if required, according to manufacturer's requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Crane and grab are positioned for travelling as recommended by the manufacturer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Timber is loaded and positioned in the bunk using the crane according to manufacturer's recommendations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Machine is positioned for loading; machine is stable; loading brake is activated; within loading capacity of the crane and the bunk; load is balanced and evenly distributed; minimise swing and timber movement of the suspended load.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Timber is off-loaded using the crane according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Communication with support personnel ensures safe and effective operation throughout the operation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communication methods include audio and/or visual.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Standard operating procedures and safe work practices are adhered to throughout the operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Extraction is performed to meet operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Other phases of the operation are complemented; timber damage, wastage and breakage are minimised; work rate meets pre-determined target; planned extraction routes are used; timber is off-loaded and positioned on the landing as arranged with landing workers and operational requirements.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Park, shut-down and maintain the forwarder after use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Parking procedures are performed safely according to manufacturer's specifications and standard operating procedures, where applicable. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Siting, hydraulic equipment, crane, braking, immobilising.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Machine is shut-down according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Daily and weekly maintenance are performed according to appropriate post-operational checklist. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Appropriate checklist is any one or combination of the following:
  • Manufacturer's checklist
  • Company specific checklist.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Checklist is completed according to procedures and corrective action is taken, if required, to ensure compliance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Safety work practices are adhered to throughout parking, shut-down, post-operational checks and maintenance. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Providers of learning and assessors must be accredited in terms of the requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority. Apart from FIETA accreditation and assessment requirements, the requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the Driven Machinery Regulations must be met before certification.

    Moderation option: The moderation requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority must be met. Apart from FIETA moderation requirements, the requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the Driven Machinery Regulations must be met before certification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Names and functions of:
  • Forwarders
  • Tools and equipment

    2. Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties of:
  • Hazards
  • Forwarders

    3. Sensory cues:
  • What I see, feel hear and smell during the process

    4. Purpose of:
  • Safety features on Forwarders
  • Pre and post operational checks
  • Following parking and safety procedures

    5. Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Standard operating procedures: "Guidelines for Forest Engineering Practices in South Africa" (FESA)
  • Safety, Health and Environmental (SHE) legislation

    6. Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Loading capacities
  • Service intervals
  • Completing and applying checklists
  • Safe operating limits

    7. Relationships, systems:
  • The operational requirements in relation to extraction routes 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Relating to the extracting of timber to a landing using a forwarder in a production situation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • When interacting with team members and colleagues during the planning, preparation and use of a Forwarder. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • When using the Forwarder in accordance with the manufacturers specifications
  • When managing resources and my time 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • When communicating with support personnel
  • When completing and processing documentation
  • When submitting reports and/or reporting to the relevant department 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • When using special tools and equipment to check the Forwarder for serviceability. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • When I can explain and justify my actions and procedures followed during the operational requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49081   National Certificate: Construction: Advanced Plant Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Elective  48988   National Certificate: Forestry: Timber Harvesting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AQUILA TRAINING 
    2. CMO Logistics Pty Ltd 
    3. Coalition Trading 1238 cc 
    4. College of Machine Operators 
    5. Cradle Stars Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Creative Minds Skills Development and Training 
    7. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    8. ENB Training Service(PTY)Ltd 
    9. Kwamahlati Training Services cc 
    10. Legal Environment Safety & Health Requirements cc 
    11. Lottenburg Edu-Farm 
    12. MHLAMBANYATHI GROUP PTY ( LTD) 
    13. NEW AFRICA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT 
    14. Nikwe Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Platorand Training Centre 
    16. South African Forestry Training College 
    17. Sunrise Skills Training 
    18. Tiriso Investments 
    19. Umbuso Training Services 
    20. Vicmat Consultants 
    21. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
    22. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.