SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer in a production situation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117084  Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer in a production situation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit is for people who extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer in a production situation. People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the trailer.
  • Prepare the trailer for extraction and transport.
  • Prepare for extraction and transport.
  • Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer in a production situation.
  • Park the tractor and trailer, shut-down the tractor and maintain the trailer after use. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of basic safety in forestry operations.
  • Prepare, operate and maintain a tractor. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Competence can be demonstrated on any tractor and trailer combination. Trailers include self-loading bundle trailers or independently loaded trailers. Competence needs to be demonstrated using only one of the trailers. Demonstration of competence will take place "on-the-job" in a production situation. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the trailer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety features related to the trailer are identified and their purpose explained according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Consequences of overloading and operating the trailer outside its capabilities are explained in terms of the effect on safety and damage to the trailer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Maximum loading capability of the tractor and the trailer is identified according to manufacturer's requirements and varying terrain conditions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Varying conditions include underfoot conditions and slope.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Slope, terrain and ground clearance limitations are explained according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Hazards specific to operating the tractor and trailer for extraction and short-haul and ways to minimise these are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terrain, slope, ground conditions, machine speed, stability, suitability and state of repair, proximity of other workers and machines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Service intervals of the trailer are stated according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare the trailer for extraction and transport. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Pre-operational checks are performed on the trailer according to appropriate checklist. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Appropriate checklist is any one or combination of the following.
  • Manufacturer's checklist
  • Company specific checklist.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Checklist is completed according to procedures and corrective action on the trailer is taken, if required, to ensure compliance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Safe work practices are adhered to throughout preparation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare for extraction and transport. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety requirements applicable to the operation are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Machine safety; entry into felling zones, landings and depots; proximity of other workers and machines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    All personal protective equipment required, is checked for functionality and used in terms of company policy and legal requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Operational requirements are explained in terms of extraction routes, slopes, depot locations, special management zones, timber flow, and route to depot and production target. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Work area is checked for hazards and corrective action taken according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer in a production situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tractor and trailer is manoeuvred and controlled effectively within safe operating limits specified by the manufacturer and section 4.3.5 of the Guidelines. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Forward, reverse, left, right, stop, start, gear selection, engine revolutions, braking, speed, travelling empty and loaded. All of the competencies to be performed infield must be demonstrated on flat terrain, gradient and side slope. All of the competencies to be performed on forest roads must be demonstrated on flat terrain and on gradient.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tractor performance is continuously monitored and corrective action taken, if required, according to manufacturer's requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Machine is positioned and stable for loading according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Tractor operator ensures that the load is evenly balanced & distributed and within the capacity of the tractor and trailer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Machine is positioned and stable for off-loading according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Communication with support personnel ensures safe and effective operation throughout the operation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communication methods include audio and/or visual.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Standard operating procedures and safe work practices are adhered to throughout the operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Extraction is performed to meet operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Other phases of the operation are complemented; work rate meets pre-determined target; planned extraction routes and routes to depots are used; timber is off-loaded and positioned on the depot as arranged with depot workers and operational requirements.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Park the tractor and trailer, shut-down the tractor and maintain the trailer after use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Parking procedures are performed safely according to manufacturer's specifications and standard operating procedures, where applicable. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Siting, braking, immobilising.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tractor is shut-down according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Daily and weekly maintenance are performed on the trailer according to appropriate post-operational checklist. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Appropriate checklist is any one or combination of the following:
  • Manufacturer's checklist
  • Company specific checklist.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Checklist is completed according to procedures and corrective action on the trailer is taken, if required, to ensure compliance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Safety work practices are adhered to throughout parking, shut-down, post-operational checks and maintenance. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Providers of learning and assessors must be accredited in terms of the requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority.

    Moderation option: The moderation requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority must be met. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Tractors
  • Trailers
  • Personal protective equipment

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties of:
  • Safety features related to the trailer
  • Hazards specific to operating the tractor and trailer
  • Loading capability of the tractor and the trailer
  • Slope, terrain and ground clearance limitations
  • Checklists

    Sensory cues:
  • What I see, feel and hear during the process

    Purpose of:
  • Tractor
  • Trailer
  • Maximum loading capabilities
  • Service intervals of the trailer
  • Standard operating procedures
  • Safe working practices

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Standard operating procedures: "Guidelines for Forest Engineering Practices in South Africa" (FESA)
  • Safety, Health and Environmental (SHE) legislation

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Daily and weekly maintenance
  • Pre-operational checks
  • Monitoring Tractor performance

    Relationships, systems:
  • The interaction of the Tractor and Trailer in a safe working environment 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Relating to the extraction of timber with a Tractor and Trailer 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others
    When interacting with team members and colleagues during the preparation of the Tractor and Trailer 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • When performing daily and weekly maintenance
  • When completing checklists
  • When safety work practices are adhered
  • When managing resources and my time 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • When communicating with support personnel 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • When operating and monitoring the Tractor and Trailer performance
  • When using information technology to source technical data and to generate and submit reports 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
    When I can explain and justify my actions and procedures followed during the operational requirements 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  48988   National Certificate: Forestry: Timber Harvesting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AQUILA TRAINING 
    2. CMO Logistics Pty Ltd 
    3. Coalition Trading 1238 cc 
    4. College of Machine Operators 
    5. Cradle Stars Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Creative Minds Skills Development and Training 
    7. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    8. ENB Training Service(PTY)Ltd 
    9. Kwamahlati Training Services cc 
    10. Legal Environment Safety & Health Requirements cc 
    11. Lottenburg Edu-Farm 
    12. MHLAMBANYATHI GROUP PTY ( LTD) 
    13. NEW AFRICA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT 
    14. Nikwe Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Platorand Training Centre 
    16. South African Forestry Training College 
    17. Sunrise Skills Training 
    18. Tiriso Investments 
    19. Umbuso Training Services 
    20. Vicmat Consultants 
    21. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
    22. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.