SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer fitted with a self-loading crane in a production situation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117086  Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer fitted with a self-loading crane in a production situation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  25 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit is for people who extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer fitted with a self-loading crane in a production situation. People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the trailer and crane.
  • Prepare the trailer and crane for extraction and transport.
  • Prepare for extraction and transport.
  • Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer fitted with a crane in a production situation.
  • Park the tractor and trailer, shutdown the tractor and crane and maintain the trailer and crane after use. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Demonstrate knowledge of ground-based machine extraction.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of basic safety in forestry operations.
  • Prepare, operate and maintain a tractor. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Competence can be demonstrated on any tractor and trailer combination fitted with a crane. Demonstration of competence will take place "on-the-job" in a production situation. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of the trailer and crane. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety features related to the trailer and crane are identified and their purpose explained according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Consequences of overloading and operating the trailer and crane outside its capabilities are explained in terms of the effect on safety and damage to the trailer and crane. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Safe loading capacity of the crane and the principles involved in loading are explained in terms of manufacturer's requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Loads that can be lifted at various distances from the machine, move timber closer to machine before attempting to lift the load when required, type and size of grab.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Optimal weight and load size to be extracted are identified according to manufacturer's requirements and varying conditions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Varying conditions include underfoot conditions and slope.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Slope, terrain and ground clearance limitations for the trailer are explained according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Hazards specific to operating the machine for extraction and short-haul and ways to minimise these are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Terrain, slope, ground conditions, machine speed, stability, suitability and state of repair, proximity of other workers and machines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Service intervals of the trailer and crane are stated according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare the trailer and crane for extraction and transport. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Pre-operational checks are performed on the trailer and crane according to appropriate checklist. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Appropriate checklist is any one or combination of the following.
  • Manufacturer's checklist
  • Company specific checklist.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Checklist is completed according to procedures and corrective action on the trailer and crane is taken, if required, to ensure compliance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Safe work practices are adhered to throughout preparation. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare for extraction and transport. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety requirements applicable to the operation are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Machine safety, entry into felling zones, landings and depots, proximity of other workers and machines.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    All personal protective equipment required, is checked for functionality and used in terms of company policy and legal requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Operational requirements are explained in terms of extraction routes, slopes, depot locations, special management zones, timber flow, route to depot and production target. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Work area is checked for hazards and corrective action taken according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Extract and transport timber using a tractor and trailer fitted with a crane in a production situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tractor and trailer is manoeuvred and controlled effectively within safe operating limits specified by the manufacturer and section 4.3.5 of the Guidelines. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Forward, reverse, left, right, stop, start, gear selection, engine revolutions, braking, speed, travelling empty and loaded. All of the competencies to be performed infield must be demonstrated on flat terrain, gradient and side slope. All of the competencies to be performed on forest roads must be demonstrated on flat terrain and on gradient.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tractor performance is continuously monitored and corrective action taken, if required, according to manufacturer's requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Crane and grab are positioned for travelling as recommended by the manufacturer. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Timber is loaded and positioned in the bunk using the crane according to manufacturer's recommendations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Machine is positioned for loading; machine is stable; loading brake is activated if fitted; within loading capacity of the crane, tractor and trailer; load is balanced and evenly distributed; minimise swing and timber movement of the suspended load.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Timber is off-loaded using the crane according to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Communication with support personnel ensures safe and effective operation throughout the operation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Communication methods include audio and/or visual.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Standard operating procedures and safe work practices are adhered to throughout the operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Extraction is performed to meet operational requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Other phases of the operation are complemented; timber damage, wastage and breakage are minimised; work rate meets pre-determined target; planned extraction routes and routes to depot are used; timber is off-loaded and positioned on the depot as arranged with depot workers and operational requirements.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Park the tractor and trailer, shut-down the tractor and crane, and maintain the trailer and crane after use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Parking procedures are performed safely according to manufacturer's specifications and standard operating procedures, where applicable. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Sitting, crane, braking, immobilising.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tractor and crane is shut-down according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Daily and weekly maintenance are performed on the trailer and crane according to appropriate post-operational checklist. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Appropriate checklist is any one or combination of the following:
  • Manufacturer's checklist
  • Company specific checklist.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Checklist is completed according to procedures and corrective action on the trailer and crane is taken, if required, to ensure compliance with manufacturer's specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Corrective action includes repairing and/or reporting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Safety work practices are adhered to throughout parking, shut-down, post-operational checks and maintenance. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Providers of learning and assessors must be accredited in terms of the requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority. Apart from FIETA accreditation and assessment requirements, the requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the Driven Machinery Regulations must be met before certification.

    Moderation option: The moderation requirements of the Forest Industries Education and Training Authority must be met. Apart from FIETA moderation requirements, the requirements of the Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993) and the Driven Machinery Regulations must be met before certification. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Trailer and crane
  • Personal protective equipment

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties of:
  • Hazards
  • Various operational procedures

    Sensory cues:
  • What I see, feel hear and smell during the process

    Purpose of:
  • Service intervals of the trailer and crane
  • Pre-operational checks
  • Checklists
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Monitoring tractor performance

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Standard operating procedures: "Guidelines for Forest Engineering Practices in South Africa" (FESA)
  • Safety, Health and Environmental (SHE) legislation

    Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Overloading and operating limits
  • Tractor shut down and parking procedures
  • Safe operating limits

    Relationships, systems:
  • Operational requirements in relation to production targets 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Relating to the operating of a trailer and crane in a production environment 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others
  • When interacting with team members and colleagues during the planning, preparation of operational procedures 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • When demonstrating knowledge of the trailer and crane working procedures
  • When performing shut down and parking procedures 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • In the context of team work during the operational procedures 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • When using special tools and equipment to during the operation 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • When I can explain and justify my actions and procedures followed during the operational requirements 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  48988   National Certificate: Forestry: Timber Harvesting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 
    Elective  64829   National Certificate: Lifting Machine Operations  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AQUILA TRAINING 
    2. CMO Logistics Pty Ltd 
    3. Coalition Trading 1238 cc 
    4. College of Machine Operators 
    5. Cradle Stars Trading Enterprise (Pty) Ltd 
    6. Creative Minds Skills Development and Training 
    7. Ehlanzeni TVET College 
    8. ENB Training Service(PTY)Ltd 
    9. Kwamahlati Training Services cc 
    10. Legal Environment Safety & Health Requirements cc 
    11. Lottenburg Edu-Farm 
    12. MHLAMBANYATHI GROUP PTY ( LTD) 
    13. NEW AFRICA SKILLS DEVELOPMENT 
    14. Nikwe Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Platorand Training Centre 
    16. South African Forestry Training College 
    17. Sunrise Skills Training 
    18. Tiriso Investments 
    19. Umbuso Training Services 
    20. Vicmat Consultants 
    21. VPK BUSINESS VENTURE C C 
    22. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.