SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Promote optimal care and support of a person with a physical disability 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
117501  Promote optimal care and support of a person with a physical disability 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Ancillary Health Care 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Promotive Health and Developmental Services 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  21 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who are required to care for people with a physical disability. Care may take place in the home or in a facility.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate knowledge of disabilities
  • Conduct a needs analysis of the person with a physical disability person
  • Design an appropriate routine for the activities of daily living
  • Facilitate and monitor the client's well being
  • Refer clients and family to facilities or agencies to facilitate the restoration of functions and the prevention of complications 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation for this unit standard is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Unit standard ID No: 116991
  • Unit standard ID No: 9824
  • Unit standard ID No: 9825
  • Unit standard ID No: 9823
  • Unit standard ID No: 113966 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope of this unit standard includes:
  • General knowledge pertaining to caring for persons with physical disabilities within the context of the learners' everyday environment.
  • General knowledge of recognised national and international disability policies
  • General knowledge of the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Function
  • Recognition of the strengths and abilities of the client and his family
  • General knowledge of behavioural, social and environmental barriers to independent living for the different disabilities
  • General knowledge of the different Social and Medical models. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of disabilities. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    The types of disabilities include but are not limited to:
  • Trauma: Spinal cord injuries, para, hemi, quadriplegias. Cerebral Palsy Brain injuries, Epilepsy, sensory disorders
  • Genetic: Dystrophies, spinal curvatures
  • Congenital: Birth deformities, various syndromes, Spina Bifida
  • Infections: Polio, Guillian Barre
  • Acquired: Chronic diseases, e.g. arthritis, chest conditions, strokes, etc 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Basic anatomy is described in terms of its application to a variety of physical disabilities and their causes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Identified physical disabilities are described in terms of their causes and effects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The various policies, legislation and conventions pertaining to the rights of the person with a physical disability are identified and explained in terms of providing equal opportunity and non-discrimination. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Community awareness regarding physical disability is promoted in terms of the abilities and needs of the individual and service that can be provided. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The rights of the person with physical disabilities are described in terms of international, national and regional policies or conventions and relevant legislation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The responsibilities of relevant stakeholders are described with regard to access for people with a physical disability in terms of environmental and social attitudes and barriers. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Conduct a needs analysis of the person with a physical disability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The physical and emotional status of the client is assessed and the specific needs are identified in terms of priority areas. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The needs identified are reported on in terms of the short and long term actions to be taken. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Relationships with the client and the family are established in terms of providing counselling and support where required. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The client and family are communicated with in terms of sourcing and identifying referrals. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Design an appropriate routine for the activities of daily living. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The client's ability to manage the activities of daily living is assessed in terms of functioning ability and the environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Clients who require total care, assisted care, practical assistance and supervision
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Activities of daily living routines established are appropriate to the needs of the client and their circumstances and take relevant safety needs into consideration. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Routines established promote maximum independence and the regaining of functionality and/or improvisation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The process used to plan an appropriate client centred routine is reported in accordance with agreed reporting requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Facilitate and monitor the client's well being. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Functional disability is described and addressed through the use of available resources. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The degree of progress in the functional ability of the client is assessed in accordance with agreed measurable criteria. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The client and family are assisted in managing the effects of communication impairment in accordance with the specific situation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Possible complications are identified and explained in terms of preventative interventions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Types of interventions at household level include:
  • Active and passive exercises
  • Correct positioning - improving position & posture
  • Pressure part care
  • Feeding therapy
  • Speech and audio therapy
  • Transfer techniques and correct positioning
  • Meaningful recreation
  • Aspects of skills training and work preparation
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Potential effects on family relationships are identified in terms of the emotional stages of the newly physically disabled person and other family members. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The possibility of co-dependency is identified and planned for in accordance with specific family needs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    A counselling relationship with the client and family is established in accordance with confidentiality practice and cultural background requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Refer clients and family to facilities or agencies to facilitate the restoration of function and the prevention of complications. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Physical and psychosocial support
  • Accessing disability grant 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Referrals for the various types of physical disability are identified in terms of how they can be accessed by the client, family and/or support group. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The psycho-social status of the client, the family and/or social group is assessed in terms of specific requirements for making referrals 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The counselling relationship is concluded and referrals are made in accordance with accepted lay counselling principles. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider by relevant ETQA.
    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate's performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
    Names of different types of physical disability
  • Know the various stages of human development

    Describe the different types of physical disabilities
  • Fundamental human anatomy
  • Know the effect of physical disability on the family and the community
  • Be able to identify the early signs of physical disability

    Know all the senses and use them for observation, assistance and problem solving
  • Know sensory stimulation

    Demonstrate and perform activities of daily living to promote independence
  • Perform movement stimulation to promote development and the independence of the client with the co-operation of both client and family
  • Plan and implement a programme for rehabilitation together with the client and his family/social group
  • Facilitate the inclusion of people with disabilities in both the workplace and the community

    Causes of disabilities before, during and after birth
  • Know the effects of a physical disability on a client (physically, emotionally, psychologically, socio-economically and socio-culturally)
  • Know the effects of a physical disability on the family of the client and the community
  • Know how to prevent the infringement of the rights of a person with a physical disability
  • Know the relevant legislation applicable to this field

    Know the levels of disability as defined by the World Health Organisation's International Classification of Function. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Anticipate and solve problems encountered by the physically person with a physical disability 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work with others as a member multidisciplinary team in a community or institutional context. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, organise and evaluate information and resources. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively with the person with a physical disability, the family, social group, health team and community in order to facilitate improved care and support 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems with regard to the different health, social and community structures 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary information:

    Specified requirements
  • Legal rights of people with physical disabilities
  • Relevant Legislation applicable to this field
  • Community based rehabilitation for and with people with disabilities (CBR) " Nothing about us without us"
  • Relevant portions of the constitution of the Republic of South Africa
  • Work within the guidelines of the scope to practice for the Ancillary Health worker

    Site specific
  • Home
  • Residential facilities
  • Day centres
  • Secondary institutions
  • Schools
  • Learners must work in accordance within the recognised protocols, procedures and policies of the relevant work environment


    Unit standard justification:

    Credits:
    Total number of learning hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcomes.
    (One credit is equal to ten notional hors of learning)

    Activity-hours
    Classroom Learning -60
    On-the-job Learning-80
    Self-directed Learning-10
    Required Coaching-20
    Other -40
    Total-210

    Total credits: 21 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  49128   National Certificate: Community Health Work  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-04-08  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  49131   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Health Work  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was HW SETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Sentahle Community Home Based Care 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.