SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Preserve evidence on a scene 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119038  Preserve evidence on a scene 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for persons responsible for managing incidents especially in preserving evidence on a scene.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Conduct preliminary assessment of the incident.
  • Assess and secure evidence.
  • Secure the scene and apply access control.
  • Protect and preserve the evidence and document findings.

    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of any learner to increasing levels of efficiency and effectiveness and more specifically within the incident management discipline by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The knowledge, skills and understanding demonstrated in this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the incident management discipline environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The following knowledge, skills, attitude and/or equivalent:
  • Basic communication skills (report writing, presentation skills and English language proficiency).
  • Record keeping. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Context: This unit standard applies to persons responsible for incident management. This includes but is not limited to incidents on the Road, Air, Land and Sea.

    Level 5:

    A learning programme leading to the award of this unit standard should develop learners who demonstrate:
  • An ability to acquire a wide range of technical skills.
  • An ability to discuss a considerable choice of procedures.
  • A broad knowledge that incorporates theoretical concepts.
  • An ability to critically analyse information.
  • An ability to make judgements to unknown problems.
  • An ability to work on its own with complete responsibility. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Conduct preliminary assessment of the incident. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    An assessment is conducted and type of evidence is identified according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Types of evidence is explained and described according to applicable legislations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Dangerous goods are identified according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Potential witnesses and suspects are identified according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Findings are recorded according to agrees principles and protocols. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Assess and secure evidence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Potential physical and structural evidence is identified according to applicable legislation and agreed principles and protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Evidence is secured according to applicable legislation and agreed principles and protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Areas are clearly marked to indicate identified evidence according to applicable legislation and agreed principles and protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The identification and securing of evidence is explained and described as required by applicable legislation, the organisational policies and procedures, and agreed protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Appropriate protective equipment and clothing is identified and used according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Secure the scene and apply access control. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Boundaries are clearly set out and marked according to agreed policies, principles and protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Access is controlled according to applicable legislation and incident management plan. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The purpose of securing the scene and access control is explained and described according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    All access and egress are documented according to organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Potential witnesses and suspects are separated and secured according to applicable legislation, organisational policies and procedures and agreed principles and protocols. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Protect and preserve the evidence and document findings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Evidence is protected according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The purpose relating to the protection of evidence is explained and described according to applicable legislation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Position of evidence is clearly marked and documented according to organisational policies and procedures and agreed principles and protocols. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Appearance of scene is clearly documented according to organisational policies and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Findings are documented according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The assessment will be governed by the policies and guidelines of the relevant Education and Training Quality Assuror (ETQA) that has jurisdiction over this field of learning.

    The assessor will (at the very least) be accredited and have a relevant qualification and/or be a subject matter expert in this learning area and have at least five (5) years experience in the skills specific area.

    The learner can be assessed against this unit standard to obtain credits or as part of an integrated assessment for a qualification.
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner's competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Direct observation in simulated, controlled and actual work conditions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures on the identification of evidence.
  • Applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures on the preservation of evidence.
  • Record keeping according to organisational policies and procedures.
  • Legislation and organisational policies and procedures relating to the securing of evidence.
  • The use and maintenance of protective clothing and equipment as stipulated by the relevant legislation and organisational policies and procedures.
  • Applicable legislation, policies and procedures, principles and protocols on the separation and securing of potential witnesses and suspects.
  • Access and egress control.
  • Protection and preservation of evidence on a scene according to applicable legislation and organisational policies and procedures.
  • Evidence documentation.
  • Chain of custody. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems related to preserving evidence on a scene. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team when preserving evidence on a scene. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise oneself and one's activities so that all requirements are met in achieving competence in preserving evidence on a scene. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, evaluate, organise and critically evaluate information related to the preserving evidence on a scene so that these are accurately interpreted into application performance standards. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively when preserving evidence on a scene. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the world as a set of related systems in that the preserving evidence on a scene is interrelated with the overall incident management. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes. Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • Assessors must use professional judgement in evaluating competence.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the range as expressed under the title. Specific range statements under individual outcomes or assessment criteria are illustrations, from which learning programme developers can select. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance can be reproduced.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well-documented principles: assessment should be appropriate, fair, manageable, integrated into work or learning, valid, and consistent. Evidence should be authentic, sufficient, and current.
  • Assessment of this standard can be carried out through continuous assessment throughout the course of study and specific performances assessed.
  • Assessment methods:

    Integrated assessment methods and tools will allow the candidate to demonstrate that s/he has acquired knowledge of and can safely and effectively apply competence identified in this unit standard.

    These tools may include the following:
  • In-situ (on-the-job) observations.
  • Role-play simulations.
  • Structured group discussions.
  • Written reports (e.g. tests, exams, case studies, projects, registers, logbooks, workbooks).
  • Verbal report backs (presentations).
  • Portfolios of evidence.
  • Projects.
  • Experiential learning.
  • Working in teams.
  • Scenario sketching.

    These methods must be carefully selected based on the purpose of the assessment (For example, the written method of assessing knowledge or on-job demonstration of practical competence). The assessment must integrate a number of different methods in order to give the assessor reliable and valid proof of competence and evidence of required attitudes.

    Above assessment criteria is the minimum when assessing a learner's competence. The learning programme may have additional assessment criteria that will assess the learner's competence.
  • Notes to assessor and course designer:

    Simulations need to form a major part of the assessments to include system related problem solving. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Supplementary Information:

    Glossary of Terms:

    For a comprehensive list of definitions of terms related to an incident or incident management, a Glossary of Terms has been developed for users in the Air, Marine, Rail, Road and Disaster Management disciplines specifically for activities related to the management of an incident. The definitions below are only provided for the specific purpose of this unit standard.
  • Forward Control Point: A Forward Control Point (FCP) is a place where all personnel arriving on the incident report. It is a place where the management team assembles.

    Incident Management procedures and protocols are applied when:
  • An incident requires a multi disciplinary response, i.e. two or more services are required on a scene.
  • A hazardous substance is involved. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  57651   National Certificate: Forensic Science  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Core  49398   National Certificate: Incident Management  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Core  58183   National Diploma: Forensic Pathology Support  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. South African National Roads Agency 
    2. STRATEGIC INVESTIGATIONS AND SEMINARS 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.