SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Manage beer clarity 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119283  Manage beer clarity 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard is able to:

1. Manage and control the beer clarification process
2. Measure analyse and interpret process data
3. Identify Non Conformance
4. Manage and implement corrective actions

This unit standard is intended for practicing brewers who need to understand and apply sedimentation and filtration theory to the clarification of beer.

The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment for any individual. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Chemistry
  • Basic Chemistry
  • Microbiology
  • Basic Overview
  • Engineering
  • Filtration Theory
  • Sedimentation Theory
  • Brewing process
  • Basic overview
  • Basic Problem Solving Techniques
  • World Class Manufacturing 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard range is applicable to the management and control of clarification of matured beer prior to packaging. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    The principles of sedimentation and centrifugal sedimentation as applied to beer clarification are compared and contrasted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The principles of sedimentation and centrifugal sedimentation as applied to beer clarification are compared and contrasted. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include.
  • Theory of both sedimentation and centrifugal sedimentation.
  • Simple calculations
  • Discuss the design, operation and application of typical brewery centrifuges
  • Opening bowl centrifuge
  • Decanter centrifuge
  • Inlet and outlet solids concentrations
  • Control philosophy
  • End of ferment use
  • End of storage use
  • The use of finings
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The theory of filtration as applied to the clarification of beer is described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include.
  • Theory of filtration and relevant calculations
  • Principles of beer filtration
  • Use of filter aids
  • Use of sheet filters
  • Use of pulp filters
  • Cross flow filtration
  • Depth filtration
  • The requirements for temperature control during beer filtration
  • Consequences of micro-organism concentrations
  • Filter preparation:
  • Cleaning and sanitizing
  • Pre-coat (including materials)
  • Support (including materials)
  • Main filtration medium (including materials)
  • Give examples of typical coating regimes and expected powder usages
  • Discuss other forms of filtration used to clarify beer:
  • Polishing filtration
  • Sterile filtration
  • For beer recovery
  • Discuss the use of process additives for the clarification of beer
  • Finings
  • Enzymes
  • Legal implications
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The various filter designs in common use for the clarification of beer are compared and evaluated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Plate and frame filters
  • Leaf filter
  • Candle filter
  • Cross flow filter
  • Membrane filter (sterilizing)
  • Vibrating screen (beer recovery)
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The operation of typical filter designs in common use for the clarification of beer are compared and evaluated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Filter preparation
  • Cleaning
  • Sanitising
  • Filter operation
  • Pre-filter buffer
  • Formation of the filter bed
  • Pre-coating
  • coating
  • Filtration
  • Bed maintenance
  • Post filter buffer
  • Filter shutdown
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The management of filter performance is described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include.
  • Time
  • Pressure
  • Run length
  • volume
  • Powder usage
  • Beer clarity
  • Beer loss
  • Re-work
  • Brand changes
  • Manpower
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The weekly filtration plan to meet customer's requirements is produced. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Brand split
  • Cleaning and sanitizing time
  • Maintenance time
  • Downstream factors
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The weekly filtration plan is communicated and accepted by all relevant parties. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Internal customers
  • External customers
  • labour requirements
  • Beer availability
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The daily production is managed according to plan. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Actual vs. plan
  • Costs
  • Human resources
  • Safety
  • Communication of revisions
  • Adherence to specifications
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The status and performance of the beer clarification process is recorded. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Quality systems
  • Documentation
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    The principles of world-class manufacturing are applied to optimise the beer clarification process. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Knowledge of world class manufacturing principles
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Measure analyse and interpret process data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The use of predictive testing is applied to assess the required filtration regimen 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Accelerated shelf life testing
  • Saturated ammonium sulphate precipitation
  • Sensitive proteins
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The clarity of beer is measured and analysed 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Hazes
  • Visual methods
  • Analytical methods
  • Shelf life tests
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify non conformance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Beer clarification processes are audited for conformance to standard operating procedures 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Pressure
  • Temperature
  • Powder usage
  • Beer clarity
  • Beer loss
  • Run lengths
  • Re-work volumes
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Clarified beer is analysed for conformance to specification 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Hazes
  • Visual tests
  • Analytical tests
  • Alcohol
  • Colour
  • pH
  • CO2
  • Dissolved Oxygen
  • Taste
  • Shelf life
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Manage and implement corrective actions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    By the use of appropriate problem solving techniques corrective action plans are generated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Problem solving techniques
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Implement corrective actions to eliminate identified non-conformances. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Review Work Practices
  • Modify Plant
  • Training and Assessment
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The findings are accurately recorded stored and shared. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Knowledge management systems
  • Documentation management system
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of main activity(s) reflected in the title. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome.

    Value Chain relationship
    Attention to detail 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49532   National Diploma: Clear Fermented Beverage Processing: Brewing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.