SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Manage effluent, waste and environmental factors 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119285  Manage effluent, waste and environmental factors 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard is able to:

1. Manage and Control effluent and waste treatment process
2. Manage environmental factors
3. Measure analyse and interpret process data.
4. Identify non conformance
5. Manage and implement corrective actions.

This unit standard is intended for practicing brewers and brewing engineers who need to manage and control effluent treatment processes involved in the manufacturing of beer.

The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment for any individual. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Chemistry
  • NQF 5
  • Microbiology
  • Basic Overview of aerobic and anaerobic digesters
  • Engineering
  • Overview of basic principles
  • Brewing process
  • Overview of the brewing process
  • Packaging
  • Overview of process
  • Basic Problem Solving Techniques
  • World Class Manufacturing 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard range is applicable to the management and control of effluent treatment from raw material acceptance to release of final product. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Manage and control the effluent and waste treatment process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The relative contributions of the effluents of the various departments to the effluent bill are discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Raw materials intake
  • Brewhouse
  • Fermentation and yeast handling
  • Maturation, conditioning and filtration
  • Packaging
  • Utilities
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The relevant legal requirements pertaining to effluent and waste discharge and environmental factors are defined. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Raw materials intake
  • Brewhouse
  • Fermentation and yeast handling
  • Maturation, conditioning and filtration
  • Packaging
  • Utilities
  • Site (general)
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The various typical effluent treatment options are discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Spent Grain disposal
  • Anaerobic treatment plants
  • Aerobic treatment plants
  • Deodorizing plants
  • Settling tanks
  • The concept of zero effluent as applied to a typical brewery
  • Waste yeast disposal
  • Trub disposal
  • Kieselguhr disposal
  • Waste packaging materials
  • Glass
  • Cans
  • Labels
  • Gaseous emissions
  • Noise emissions
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The potential for effluent and waste recycling and reuse are discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Spent Grain disposal
  • Anaerobic treatment plants
  • Aerobic treatment plants
  • Deodorising plants
  • Settling tanks
  • The concept of zero effluent as applied to a typical brewery
  • Waste yeast disposal
  • Trub disposal
  • Kieselguhr disposal
  • Waste packaging materials
  • Glass
  • Cans
  • PET
  • Labels
  • Cartons
  • Gaseous emissions
  • Noise emissions
  • Bottle washer effluents
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The various strategies and practices available to minimise effluent and waste production and optimal environmental control are discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Spent Grain disposal
  • Treatment of liquid effluent
  • Treatment of solid effluent
  • Treatment of domestic effluent
  • Disposal of washing solutions
  • The concept of zero effluent as applied to a typical brewery
  • Gaseous emissions
  • Noise emissions
  • Ergonomics of plant design and layout.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The status and performance of the effluent treatment processes are recorded. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Quality systems
  • Documentation
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Measure analyse and interpret process data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The various measures of effluent and environmental factors as applied to a typical brewery are defined and discussed. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Total suspended solids (TSS)
  • Total solids (TS)
  • pH
  • Temperature
  • Biological oxygen demand (BOD)
  • Chemical oxygen demand (COD)
  • Volume
  • Water consumption
  • Noise levels
  • Gaseous emissions
  • Odours
  • Flue gases
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The typical effluent values for a brewery are determined 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Environmental Legislation
  • Water usage : beer production ratio
  • Method of calculation
  • Effluent volume: beer production ratio
  • Method of calculation
  • BOD/COD values
  • TSS/TS values
  • pH range
  • Discuss the calculation of effluent costs
  • Acceptable limits
  • Noise levels
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The typical effluent and waste costs for a brewery are calculated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Environmental Legislation
  • Water usage : beer production ratio
  • Method of calculation
  • Effluent volume : beer production ratio
  • Method of calculation
  • BOD/COD values
  • TSS/TS values
  • H range
  • Discuss the calculation of effluent costs
  • Liquid effluent costs
  • Solid effluent costs
  • The concept of zero effluent as applied to a typical brewery
  • Waste yeast disposal
  • Trub disposal
  • Kieselguhr disposal
  • Waste packaging materials
  • Glass
  • Cans
  • Labels
  • Acceptable limits
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify non conformance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Effluent treatment processes are audited for conformance to standard operating procedures 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Audit systems
  • Standard operating procedures
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The products of effluent treatment processes are audited for conformance to specifications 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Audit systems
  • Specifications for discharge and or disposal
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Manage and implement corrective actions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The presence of non-conformance is identified and quantified. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Audit systems
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    By the use of appropriate problem solving techniques corrective action plans are generated. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Problem solving techniques
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Implement corrective actions to eliminate identified non-conformances. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Review work practices
  • Modify plant
  • Training and assessment
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The findings are accurately recorded stored and shared. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The factors include:
  • Knowledge management systems
  • Documentation management system
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of main activity(s) reflected in the title. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome.

    Impact of beer manufacture on the environment 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Evident in all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49532   National Diploma: Clear Fermented Beverage Processing: Brewing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.