SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Render basic assistance to an ill or injured person in an outdoor or field situation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
119868  Render basic assistance to an ill or injured person in an outdoor or field situation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Archaeology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies Traditions, History and Legacies 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Legislation requires that people who conduct outdoor activities for work or recreation have personnel trained in First Aid. This Unit Standard provides a broad introduction First Aid as a means of dealing with First Aid during Fieldwork, on an archaeological site, or outdoor environmental recreational activity. The focus is on knowledge, skills, values and attitudes in relation to the learner's own context and events that could occur in the course of outdoor activities. It will be useful for field workers, learners in rural land reform and community field projects, field rangers, market researchers, archaeological fieldworkers, learners in development projects, police, mountain rescue and environmental officers and learners in travel and tourism.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Recognising and dealing with minor medical emergencies and First Aid situations in a field or outdoor environment.
  • Identifying the cause of an injury and treating a bleeding or burn wounds with dressings and bandages in the field.
  • Recognising the symptoms of and treating an injured person for choking, drowning and shock.
  • Recognising and immobilising a fracture with dressings, bandages and splints.
  • Explaining the procedures that apply when someone is injured or becomes ill in the field. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is recommended that learners are competent and Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical scope of this Unit Standard is emergencies in an outdoor work or recreational situation in the field.
  • Minor medical emergencies include, but are not limited to, strings, bites, fainting, bleeding nose, cuts, bruises, sprains, choking, particle in the eye, hypothermia, dehydration, sunburn and hyperventilation.
  • Medical conditions include, but are not limited to, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, concussion, epilepsy and convulsions.
  • Methods for controlling bleeding include direct pressure, elevation and rest.
  • Dealing with an emergency includes communicating what the emergency is and where the casualty is situated, requesting assistance, administering basic First Aid, reassuring and calming the patient and requesting information about how the injury occurred for reporting purposes.
  • Types of wound include, but are not limited to, hand wounds and a wound with an imbedded object.
  • Shock due to injury and trauma.
  • Health and safety policies should reflect the Code of Good Practice for HIV/AIDS outlined in the Government Gazette 21815 of 1 December 2000 and the reporting procedures required by the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA).
  • Safety precautions include precautions against ticks, mosquitoes and hystoplasmosis. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Recognise and deal with medical emergencies and First Aid situations in a field or outdoor environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The location of the first aid box is known and an indication is given of what First Aid equipment is available on site and what each item is used for. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The telephone numbers for the emergency services in the area are known or accessed for a specific site or area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A priority action approach to manage a first aid event is outlined for a sudden illness or injury. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The signs and symptoms associated with medical emergencies are identified and appropriate first aid is administered for three different scenarios. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Risks within the specific external or fieldwork environment that could cause a first aid situation are identified and steps are taken to reduce or minimise the risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    A casualty is checked for responsiveness, breathing and circulation, the visible vital signs and first aid is administered to deal with life threatening conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Medical conditions that could result in an emergency are identified and an indication is given of what to handle and what to refer immediately to a medical facility. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Situations in which it may be necessary to administer Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) are described and the procedure is demonstrated on a first aid demonstration dummy. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    Snakes, scorpions, spiders and other venomous insects that are prevalent in a specific area are identified from pictures and the symptoms and treatment are outlined for each type of bite or sting. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify the cause of an injury and treat a bleeding or burn wound with dressings and bandages in the field. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The Universal Infection Control Procedures are applied in treating a bleeding wound with reference to the Code of Good Practice for HIV/AIDS. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A wound is checked for foreign objects and serious bleeding is controlled using the most appropriate method. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The correct procedure for treating a bleeding and/or burn wound is explained and demonstrated for two different types of wound. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Burns include acid burns.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The steps to be taken following an accident are described with reference to the applicable health and safety policy and the management of exposure to HIV and other blood pathogens and access to post-exposure prophylactics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    A decision is made as to whether or not the patient should be referred to a medical facility and an indication is given of the information that is required to admit a patient to such a facility. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Recognise the symptoms of and treat an injured person for choking, drowning and shock. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The signs and symptoms that indicate a person is in shock are described accurately. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The signs and symptoms that indicate a person is choking are described accurately. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The correct procedure for the treatment of shock in two different situations is demonstrated and an indication is given of why the treatment is necessary. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The correct procedure for the treatment of choking is demonstrated and an indication is given of why the treatment is necessary. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The correct procedure for the treatment for drowning is demonstrated and an indication is given of why the treatment is necessary. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Recognise and immobilise a fracture with dressings, bandages and splints. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The signs and symptoms that indicate a possible fracture are described with reference to open and closed fractures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The procedures for treating a fracture are known and a limb is immobilised using available materials. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    An indication is given of why it is dangerous to move an injured person and the procedure for dealing with suspected neck or back injuries on site is demonstrated with reference to transportation to the nearest medical facility. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Explain the procedures that apply when someone is injured or becomes ill in the field. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Safety precautions for a specific site or area are known and explained and an indication is given of the consequences of non-compliance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Procedures for reporting and recording injuries are known and demonstrated and the implications of not following procedures are understood in the context of an outdoor activity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Procedures to be followed if the injury could lead to a claim against worker's compensation under the Compensation for Occupational Injuries and Diseases Act, 130 of 1993 (as amended) are known and the implications of not following the procedures are understood with reference to the payment of medical expenses. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The use of gloves and mouth pieces is demonstrated and an indication is given of why first aiders are required to use this equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The name and contact details of the appropriate authority to be contacted in cases of emergencies in the field is known and a report is written about the incident. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Recovery positions are demonstrated for two case studies. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a candidate against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    A learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses show that responsible have been made in administering appropriate First Aid for different scenarios and deciding whether or not a patient should be referred to a medical facility. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    A learner is able to work effectively with others as a member of a team or community by assisting colleagues with minor medical emergencies and first aid situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    A learner is able to organise and manage his/her activities responsibly and effectively in using a priority action approach to manage a first aid event. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    A learner is able to collect, organise and critically evaluate information in identifying the signs and symptoms associated with medical emergencies and administering appropriate first aid and identifying risks in a First Aid situation and taking steps to reduce or minimise the risk in an outdoor or field situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    A learner is able to communicate effectively by indicating what the emergency is and where the casualty is situated, requesting assistance, administering basic First Aid, reassuring and calming the patient, requesting information about how the injury occurred for reporting purposes and compiling a brief report on the incident. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Search words:

    First Aid; archaeology; fieldwork, heritage. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49772   National Certificate: Archaeology  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.