SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of operational command and control 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120040  Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of operational command and control 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Sovereignty of the State 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be utilised by learners who will be required to work in the South African military and have understanding of operational command and control.

Learners credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe command and control.
  • Evaluate elements of a command and control system.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the South African National Defence Force approach to command and control in warfare operations. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Communication at NQF level 4 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe command and control. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concepts of command and control are defined in terms of international norms and standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Operational command is discussed in terms of South African National Defence Force (SANDF) doctrine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Operational control is discussed in terms of SANDF doctrine. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Evaluate elements of a command and control system. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The role of sensor subsystems are evaluated in terms of friendly and enemy forces. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The role of navigation subsystems are evaluated in terms of friendly forces. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The roles of Command and Control and co-ordination centres are analysed in terms of threat assessment, planning and response. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The role of communication links are determined in terms of the flow of information and commands between own forces. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the South African National Defence Force approach to command and control in warfare operations. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Warfare operations include autonomous missions, joint and combined operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The mandate of the President of the Republic of South Africa is described in terms of military operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The mandate of the Chief of the SANDF is described in terms of military operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The mandate of the Chief of Joint Operations is described in terms of military operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The mandate of SANDF Service Chiefs is described in terms of military operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The structures specific to Services are compared in terms of their roles, functions and responsibilities. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Services include South African Army, South African Air Force, South African Navy and South African Military Health Services.
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Names, functions and locations of:

    > Role and functions of the SANDF, South African Air Force (SAAF)
    > Operational environment and Area of National Responsibility
    > Location of all military assets and readiness states
    > Ground and Air based Systems (sensor and navigation sub systems)
    > Command and control authorities
    > Norms and standards
  • Purpose of processes and procedures of:

    > Threat assessment
    > Operational Command
    > In-flight Command and Control
    > Ground Command and Control
    > SANDF doctrine
    > SAAF doctrine
    > Warfare operations
    > Mandates (Chiefs of Service)
    > Search and rescue procedures
    > Information Displays: Air Picture Display Systems
    > Communication liaison between all role players
    > Airspace Rules and Regulations
  • Attributes, properties, characteristics related to:

    > International norms
    > Joint Operations
    > Doctrine and Policies
    > Military/National security concepts
    > Objectivity
    > Timely decision making
    > Security culture of the Military environment
    > Stakeholders and their rights
  • Cause and effect, implications of:

    > Threat assessment, planning and response
    > Integrated system relationships
    > Airspace dimensions
    > Operational Time constraints
    > Nature of Operation/Task
    > The responsibility and accountability for security (personnel, personal, document, Information Computer Technology and physical and material)
    > Security breaches
    > Restrictions and limitations (Air Force/Operational restrictions, Standing Instructions, Standard Operating Procedures, Aircraft performance)
    > Security clearance
  • Categories of things, processes, concepts:
    > Levels of Command
    > Command and Control System
    > SANDF/SAAF Approach
    > Mandates
    > Services structures
    > Domains of security (personnel, personal, document, Information Computer Technology and physical and material)
    > Levels of security
    > Contingency measures (personnel, personal, document, Information Computer Technology and physical and material)
    > Security competence
    > Classification of information
    > Counter measures (personnel, personal, document, Information Computer Technology and physical and material)
    > The need for a regulatory framework
    > Secrecy
    > Handling of classified information
    > Reliability
    > Punctuality
    > Integrity
  • Procedures and techniques:

    > Threat assessment
    > Planning and response
    > Command
    > Control
    > In-flight Command and Control
    > Ground Command and Control
    > Integrated Command and Control systems
    > Display/Control systems
    > Activity totes
  • Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies:

    > The Constitution of South Africa
    > White Paper on Defence
    > SANDF/SAAF Structures
    > The relevant legislation relating to Military environment
    > Departmental Policies and directives
    > The Code of Conduct
    > Agreements with Clients
    > Memoranda of Understanding
    > Law of Armed Conflict
  • Theory - rules, laws, principles:

    > History of war/Command and Control
    > Principles of War
    > Principles of Command and Control
    > Terminology
    > International Rules
  • Relationships, systems between:

    > Threat assessment
    > Planning and execution
    > Mobile and Static Systems
    > All levels of Command
    > Other military forces
    > Other forces (South African Police Service)
    > Resource limitations
    > The individual, organisation and the state impacting on joint air/ground operations and the influence on own capabilities 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and / or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:
  • Terms used in this unit standard are generic to the military and aviation industries.

    Notes to assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  49852   National Diploma: Applied Military Intelligence  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Core  49853   National Diploma: Defensive Mission Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2008-09-17  Was SAS SETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  58783   National Certificate: Warship Command and Control  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  58581   National Certificate: Air Traffic Support  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  63309   National Certificate: Defensive Mission Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  60549   National Diploma: Aeronautical Information Management Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Elective  50500   National Diploma: Electronic Warfare  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Aviation Training Academy 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.