SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse the effects of aeroplane loading 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120158  Analyse the effects of aeroplane loading 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Air Defence 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Analyse the effects of mass and centre of gravity limitations on aircraft operations.
  • Compile aeroplane loadsheets.
  • Calculate aeroplane centre of gravity position. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Mathematics at NQF Level 4.
  • Physical Science at NQF Level 4.
  • Demonstrate understanding of aeroplane loading at NQF Level 5. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The terms "aircraft" and "aeroplane" are used as synonyms where appropriate.

    Loading and centre of gravity scenarios typically found in airline transport operations and/or strategic military lift aeroplanes. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Analyse the effects of mass and centre of gravity limitations on aircraft operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The effects of centre of gravity position on aeroplane stability and control and performance are analysed in order to ensure aircraft safety. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Centre of gravity within and outside of manufacturers' limitations.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The effects of overloading of the aeroplane are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Effects include but are not limited to:
  • Structural integrity.
  • Performance.
  • Handling characteristics.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Compile aeroplane loadsheets. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The contents and structure of a typical aeroplane loadsheet are evaluated in order to understand the methodology behind the calculations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The mass limitations are extracted from aeroplane manufacturer's data to ensure centre of gravity renewing within safety parameters. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Aeroplane loading is calculated, to remain within limitations and achieve operational objectives. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The procedure and documentation for weighing of the aeroplane is justified with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The term weighing refers to re-weighing and mandatory periodic weighing.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Fuel loading calculations and conversions are evaluated in order for centre of gravity to renew within safety parameters. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Calculate aeroplane centre of gravity position. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Weight moment arm and centre of gravity position is calculated from manufacturer's data and loading information. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA in accordance with the current ETQA regulations.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Other ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Aircraft stability
  • Structural integrity of aircraft
  • Philosophy behind loadsheets
  • Centre of Gravity:
    > Calculations of centre of gravity. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    The learner is able to identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made by:
  • Planning loads in accordance with the limitations specified in aeroplane flight manuals.
  • Constructing loadsheets for specified loads in specific aeroplanes.
  • Determining the centre of gravity for the loaded aeroplane. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Obtaining and verifying information received from relevant parties on the dimensions and mass of the load to be loaded onto the aeroplane. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Allowing sufficient time for conducting load planning activities and completing load documentation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse and critically evaluate information by:
  • Referring to the aeroplane flight manual in order to determine applicable loading limitations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion by:
  • Compiling legible load sheets in the correct format for verification by the pilot in command.
  • Liasing with aircraft loaders and providing them with loading plans. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Using electronic systems to plan aeroplane loading and generating load documentation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation:
  • Understanding the overall impact of correct load distribution in aeroplanes and accurate load documentation on flight safety and commercially viable flight operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Abbreviations:

    CG: Centre of Gravity 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  66109   National Diploma: Aircraft Performance Engineering  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Fundamental  58008   National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Elective  49950   National Certificate: Navigation  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2015-06-30  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.