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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Display and apply knowledge of biomechanics in a golfing context 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
120205  Display and apply knowledge of biomechanics in a golfing context 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Sport 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 02 - Culture and Arts Sport 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2005-11-30  2008-11-30  SAQA 0463/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2009-11-30   2012-11-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners working towards this standard will be working within a golf club environment, specialising in golf retailing, added services to golf clubs, golf coaching, sports science and golf event management, where the acquisition of competence against this standard will add value to one's job. This standard will also add value to individuals who are seeking to develop a career pathway towards an accomplished sports management and sports administration specialist.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the underlying principles of biomechanics.
  • Describing the mechanical systems of human motion and how they operate.
  • Describing and explaining muscle force and its relationship to velocity and power.
  • Explaining the different planes and axes present within the human body and how movement takes place through and around them.
  • Applying Newton's laws to golf specific situations.
  • Analysing how gravity and an individual's centre of gravity affects stability. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners accessing this standard are competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF level 4.
  • The Unit standard entitled, "Apply anatomical and physiological knowledge to golfing activity". 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the underlying principles of biomechanics. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of biomechanics is defined in relation to its aims and purpose. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The relevance of biomechanics to golfing technique is demonstrated with practical examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The relationship between individual golfer physique and performance is explained and demonstrated using biomechanics. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe the mechanical systems of human motion and how they operate. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The major movements in joints are described and explained in relation to golfing movements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Major joint movements include, but are not limited to, flexion, extension, eversion, inversion, dorsal flexion, plantar flexion, pronation, supination abduction, adduction and circumduction.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Joints are classified by their action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Diarthroidal joints are described and explained in terms of their action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The golf swing is broken down into its basic components and each component related to the way in which body joints are activated during the golf swing. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe and explain muscle force and its relationship to velocity and power. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The force-velocity curve is explained in relation to golf. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The main types of muscular fibre are explained in relationship to power, strength and speed movements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Torque in relation to muscular movement and fibre is explained and described with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The power-velocity curve is explained and demonstrated in relation to time. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Local muscular fatigue is explained and described with their symptoms. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the different planes and axes present within the human body and how movement takes place through and around them. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Planes and axes are diagrammatically documented and used to explain the concepts 'plane' and 'axis'. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Human movement is described and explained in relation to three planes and three axes. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Planes include sagittal, coronal and transverse and axes include transverse, medial and longitudinal.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The phases of the golf swing are described and explained in terms of planes and phases. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Apply Newton's laws to golf specific situations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Newton's first law is stated and its implications for golf are noted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Newton's second law is stated verbally and as a set of mathematical formula and equations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Newton's second law is applied to golf and demonstrated practically. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Newton's third law is stated and its implications for golf are noted. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Linear motion, translation and displacement are described verbally and as a mathematical equation and applied to a golfing context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Acceleration is described verbally and as a mathematical equation and applied to a golfing context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Impulse and momentum are described verbally and in mathematical equations and applied to a golfing context. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Analyse how gravity and an individual's centre of gravity affects stability. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The concept of force is described verbally and as mathematical equations and applied in a golfing context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Gravity is understood as a force and its relevance to golf is described and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    'Centre of gravity' of a body is defined. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Concepts of equilibrium and stability are explained and described in a golfing context. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Any individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this unit standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Biomechanics
  • Anatomical concepts and theories
  • Muscle force
  • Velocity and power in relation to golf
  • Concept of 'plane' and 'axis'
  • Newton's laws of motion
  • Mathematics skills relating to equations in golf context 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems using critical and creative thinking processes to analyse the mechanical systems of human body motion as they operate in golf. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information in order to analyse how gravity and mechanics affect golfing. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility to the environment and health of others in determining how Newton's laws of motion apply specifically to golf situations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of interrelated systems by recognising that biomechanical problem-solving contexts within the golf context do not exist in isolation and that various scientific theories and the human system impacts on this. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  50017   National Diploma: Club Professional Golfing  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2008-11-30  Was CATHSSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  73209   National Diploma: Club Professional Golfing  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.