SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Startup Hydro Power Generating Auxiliary Systems from Control Centres 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13517  Startup Hydro Power Generating Auxiliary Systems from Control Centres 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Power Plant Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  13 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Persons credited with this unit standard will be able to startup hydro power generating auxiliary systems from black start conditions to full system demand conditions. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
1. The person is able to listen, question, observe, describe accurately and align with the sender`s need
2. The person is able to understand and respect peoples values and beliefs, as well as those of the organisation and manages own actions in line with the above.
3. The person is able to understands one`s own development requirements.
4. The person knows the concept, terms and theory of the specified technical field covering mathametics, science, electrical theory and power plant theory.
5. The persons is able to understand the company`s vision and manages own actions in line with it.
6. Specific organisation safety standards
7. Basic first aid
8. Fire fighting
9. Emergency preparedness
10. Problem solving and decision making
11. Environmental awareness
12. Organisation understanding
13. Competent in performing all relevant operating outcomes on all power plant support systems. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
1. Head Water System
2. Tail Water System
3. Pressure Water System 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare plant for service. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Total de-water waterway conditions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Legitimacy of instruction for return to service confirmed according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Tasks assigned to relevant staff to enable required events to happen according to startup plan. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Plant preparation progress is monitored to verify compliance with the planning schedule. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Out of normal conditions as reported are reacted on and appropriate actions taken according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Plant parameters are checked and necessary control room operations are performed during the preparation of the plant in accordance with operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Preparation of plant as performed by staff is verified by reviewing completed documentation with the relevant configuration control procedure. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Plant conditions are communicated according to administrative procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Startup plant from a centralised control room. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Include the following conditions:
  • Stand still; generate; pump; synchronous compensator mode. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Legitimacy of instruction for startup is confirmed according to administrative and workplace requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Plant conditions are assessed to determine startup requirements according to plant procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Pre-start checks are performed according to operating procedures and administrative requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Recommissioning tests are performed according to relevant procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Startup performed according to relevant operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Startup conditions are communicated according to administrative requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Monitor startup condition. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Plant startup conditions are monitored and recorded according to relevant operating procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Out of normal conditions are identified, reported, analysed and appropriate action taken according to relevant procedure. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Out of normal conditions communicated are reviewed and followed-up according to specific operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Loading. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Legitimacy of loading instructions is confirmed according to administrative and regulatory requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Pre-loading conditions are met according to specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Loading performed according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Production capabilities and design specifications are maintained during loading according to technical specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Production process parameters are documented and communicated according to administrative requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Inventory control. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Exclusive of Human Resources. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Material and resources required for startup are verified as being available according to procedural requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Inventory availability is maintained according to specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Inventory status is communicated according to administrative requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Optimise startup conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Plant capability and or efficiency is assured by optimising startup end conditions according to operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Plant cability and or efficiency conditions are communicated according to administrative requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Out of normal conditions as reported are followed up according to administrative requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 7 
    Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of Hydro Power Plant Operation and Control. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Priority setting is understood during plant operations and controlled according to optimisation principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Impact on environmental factors are understood in accordance with orgnisational environmental policies. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Mechanical and electrical plant component application and interrelation to the plant is known and understood according to relevant theories. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Process control and protection system application and interrelation to the plant processes are understood according to relevant design theories. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Binary and analog system.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Regulatory requirements are known and understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Dangers of process chemicals in use are known and understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. Incidents related to specific plant operations are known and understood. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. Energy conversion process understanding demonstrated according to specific hydro plant requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    9. Thermodynamic and fluid mechanic processes understood according to hydro plant requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    10. Operating philosophy pertaining to plant operating procedures is known and understood. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Evaluation of documentation by SAQA and registration thereof
  • According to SAQA accreditation requirements

    Moderation: Standard Generating Group Hydro Power Plant Operations 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. The energy flow throubh the conversion process are known and the key conversion process concepts are understood.
    2. Ability to set priorities for self and own job.
    3. Operation of the plants are controlledto stay within set limits for environmental impact.
    4. The theory of application of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation plant components and their interrelation to the plant are known and understood.
    5. Relevant regulatory requirements are known, understood and complied with.
    6. Process chemicals applicable to the plant area and the implication of operating outside of chemical specifications are known and understood.
    7. Trends and or incidents related to the specific plant are understood the specific plant. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying & solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization, and community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organising and managing oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organizing and critically evaluating information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contributing to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making it the underlying intention of any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:
    a. Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively;
    b. Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities;
    c. Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts;
    d. Exploring education and career opportunities;
    e. Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    The following references to control documents to be made through out this unit standard

    1. Startup the Head Water System from Local Centres
    2. Startup the Tail Water System from Local Centres
    3. Startup the Pressure Water System from Local Centres

    Terminology used in this unit standard is consistent with the following standards
  • Electricity Supply Industry in South Africa
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA)

    A candidate will be regarded not yet competent should the safety of people, plant and materials be jeopardised during any stage of the assessment on any criteria of this unit standard. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23736   National Diploma: Hydro Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  61570   National Diploma: Power Plant Process Control Operations  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ESKOM DRANKENSBURG PUMP STORAGE (PEAKING) 
    2. ESKOM DUVHA POWER STATION - OPERATIONS 
    3. ESKOM INGULA PUMP STORAGE SCHEME (PEAKING) 
    4. ESKOM KRIEL POWER STATION OPERATIONS TRAINING 
    5. Kelvin Power (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.