SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Shutdown a steam driven turbo-generator system from a control room 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13568  Shutdown a steam driven turbo-generator system from a control room 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Power Plant Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  11 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for people involved in the shutdown of a turbo generator plant from full power generation to a refuelling outage. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
1. Listen, question, observe, describe accurately and align with the sender`s need.
2. Understand and respect peoples values and beliefs, as well as those of the organisation and manage own
actions in line with the above.
3. Understand own development requirements.
4. Understand concept, terms and theory of the specified technical field covering maths, science, electrical theory and power plant theory at required level.
5. Understands the company`s vision and manage own actions in line with it.
6. Specific organisation safety standards
7. Basic first aid
8. Fire fighting
9. Emergency preparedness
10.Problem solving and decision making
11.Environmental awareness
12.Organisation understanding
13.Competent in performing all relevant operating outcomes on all power plant support systems. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
1. Any type of steam driven turbo-generator
2. Controlled from a centralised control room
3. Shutdown from maximum continuous rating to fully isolated 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Prepare plant for shutdown. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Legitimacy of instruction to prepare plant for shutdown is confirmed according to administrative requirement. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Plant chemistry conditions are adjusted according to relevant operating procedure. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Plant inventory conditions are assessed by evaluating information from relevant resources formally and or informally. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Outage plan is reviewed by validating current with expected conditions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Shutdown preparation activities are assigned, feedback assessed and acted upon according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Preparation activities are communicated according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to according to applicable procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
De-load the turbo generator plant from a centrallised control room. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Maximum continuous rating to initial load rating. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Legitimacy of instruction to deload the unit is confirmed according to administrative and or regulatory requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Plant initial conditions are assessed to determine deloading requirements according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. De-loading performed according to relevant procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Operating parameters are maintained during de-loading according to technical specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Production process activities are communicated according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Out of normal conditions identified and acted upon according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Nuclear reactitivity is managed within operating technical specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to according to applicable procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Shutdown running plant processes. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Initial load rating, barring. forced cooling, turbine standing. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Legitimacy of instruction to shutdown plant process is confirmed according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Plant process conditions are assessed to determine shutdown requirements according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Shutdown of plant processes performed according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Tasks are assigned to relevant staff, feedback assessed and acted upon to enable required events to realise according to shutdown plan requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Nuclear reactivity managed within operating technical specifications. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Out of normal conditions are identified and acted upon according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Shutdown conditions are communicated according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Safety and regulatory requirements adhered to according to applicable procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Control thermodynamic processes. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Does not include electrical isolations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Plant heat up and or cool down parameters are controlled according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Plant heat up and or cool down parameters are monitored and communicated according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Plant pressure and temperature relationships are controlled according to operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to according to applicable procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Plant conditions are communicated according to specific plant administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of steam driven turbo generator shutdown requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Priority setting are understood during plant operations and control according to optimisation principles. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Impact on environment factor are understood in accordance with organisational environmental policies. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Mechanical plant component application and interrelation to the plant are understood according to relevant theories. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Electrical plant component application and interrelation to the plant process are understood according to relevant design theories. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Water and steam cycle.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Process control and protection system application and interrelation to the plant process are understood according to relevant design theories (Range: binary and analogue systems). 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Regulatory requirements are known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Dangers of process chemicals in use are known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Incidents related to specific plant operation are known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
9. Energy conversion process understanding demonstrated according to specific nuclear operator requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
10. Thermo dynamic processes understood according to specific theories. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
High voltage, low voltage, integrated network, radial feed.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
11. Nuclear physics theories understood as pertaining to nuclear plant operation. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
steam generator operation.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 12 
12. Operating philosophy pertaining to plant operating procedure are known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 13 
13. Energy management requirements analysed 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
plant, performance, efficiency, loss control, resource management
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 14 
14. Terminology, concepts, definitions and abbreviations associated with controller functions are known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 15 
15. Trends/incidents/operating history recalled. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 16 
16. Control system configuration and protection integration explained 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
binary, analogue
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 17 
17. Material and structural characteristics fundamentals understood 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
strength, composition, conductivity, material fatigue
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 18 
18. Human resource development practises understood 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
coaching, monitoring, competence assessment
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 19 
19. Leadership practises explained 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
interactive competencies, management competencies, leading competencies
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
De-energise and isolate plant and or apparatus. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Legitimacy of instructions to de-energise and or isolate plant and or apparatus is confirmed according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Tasks are assigned to relevant staff, feedback assessed and acted upon to enable required events to realise according to shutdown plan and or requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Plant de-energisation and or isolation progress is monitored to verify compliance with planned schedule. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Plant parameters are checked and the necessary control room operations performed during de-energising and or isolating of plant processes in accordance with operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. De-commissioning as performed by staff is verified by reviewing completed documentation with relevant configuration control procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Completed documentation is processed according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Plant conditions are communicated according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to according to applicable procedures. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Evaluation of documentation and registration thereof according to SAQA requirements

Moderation:
Standard Generating Group Nuclear Power Plant Operations 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
1. Understands the overall energy conversion process and the impact the specific plant has on it.
2. Ability to set priorities for self and own job.
3. Awareness of and concerned about the impact their actions have on the environment.
4. Knows and understands the theory of application of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation plant components and it`s interrelation to the plant.
5. Aware of, understands and adheres to the regulatory requirements relevant to their plant area.
6. Identify process chemicals in the plant area and know the dangers thereof.
7. Understands the lessons learned from trends and or incidents related to the specific plant. 

UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
N/A 

UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
N/A 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identifying & solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization, and community. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Organising and managing oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collecting, analysing, organizing and critically evaluating information. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
8. Contributing to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making it the underlying intention of any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:

a. Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively;
b. Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities;c. being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts;
d. Exploring education and career opportunities;e. developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
N/A 

REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
Occupational Role: Nuclear Power Plant Controller

The following references to assessment tools to be made through out this unit standard

1. From full power to refuelling outage (Fuel out of the core)
2. Terminology used in this unit standard is consistent with the following standards
  • Electricity Supply Industry in South Africa
  • Council for Nuclear Safety
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA)

    3. A candidate will be regarded not yet competent should the safety of people, plant and materials be jeopardised during any stage of the assessment on any stage of this unit standard. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23679   National Diploma: Fossil Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  23734   National Diploma: Nuclear Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  61570   National Diploma: Power Plant Process Control Operations  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ESKOM DRANKENSBURG PUMP STORAGE (PEAKING) 
    2. ESKOM INGULA PUMP STORAGE SCHEME (PEAKING) 
    3. ESKOM KRIEL POWER STATION OPERATIONS TRAINING 
    4. Kelvin Power (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.