SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Stabilise Out of Normal Emergency Conditions on a Fossil Fired Power Generating Unit from a Control Room 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
13599  Stabilise Out of Normal Emergency Conditions on a Fossil Fired Power Generating Unit from a Control Room 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Power Plant Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  28 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for people required to stabilise out of normal emergency conditions on a fossil fired power generation unit from a control room using binary and analoque control systems. A person credited with this unit standard can recognise, plan, implement and communicate conditions identified to be out of normal. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
1. The person is able to listen, question, observe, describe accurately and align with the sender`s need
2. The person is able to understand and respect peoples values and beliefs, as well as those of the organisation and manage his/her actions in line with the above
3. The person is able to understand his/her own development requirements
4. The person knows the concept, terms and theory of the specified technical field covering maths, engineering science, electrical trade theory, power plant theory or electro technology
5.The person is able to understand the company`s vision and manage his/her actions in line with it
6. Specific organisation safety standards
7. Basic first aid
8. Fire fighting
9. Specific emergency preparedness
10. Communication
11. Problem solving and decision making
12. Environmental awareness
13. Organisation understanding 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
1. Mill trip
2. Draught group trip capability computer failed
3. Feed pump trip
4. Turbine trip
5. Mill running empty
6. Mill choking
7. Loss of fuel oil supply
8. Extraction pump trip
9. Generation protection and trip
10.Exiter rectifier fuse failure
11.Malfunctioning of turbine lub oil system
12.Malfunction of HP steam admission valves
13.Loss of condenser vacuum
14.Condenser tube leak
15.Condenser high/low level - CLC malfunction
16.Boiler tube leaks
17.Abnormal drum water levels
18.Abnormal heater water levels
19.Malfunction of the gland steam system
20.Abnormal steam temperature
21.Superheater safety valves failing open
22.Reheater safety valves failing opern
23.Generator pole slipping
24.Unit islanding
25.DC supply fault
26.Unit board fault
27.Capability computer failure 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Recognise out of normal and/or emergency conditions 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Data and/or information leading to a potential out of normal and/or emergency condition is recognised. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Deviations are recognised by comparing new data and or information with expected conditions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Out of normal and or emergency conditions identified according to specified requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Impact of out of normal and or emergency conditions on people and or environment and or process plant are recognised. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Plan response actions 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Recognised deviations verified by using relevant indicators and/or resources. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Communication strategy formulated according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Corrective actions are planned according to procedural requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Implement action plan 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Tasks assigned to verify deviations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Out of normal and/or emergency conditions are communicated to relevant staff. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Corrective actions are implemented according to action plan. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Communicate out of normal and/or emergency conditions. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Out of normal and/or emergency conditions information and/or actions are recorded according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Out of normal and/or emergency conditions information and/or actions are reported according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Recorded data is processed according to administrative requirements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Safety and regulatory requirements are adhered to. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of a fossil fired power generation unit 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of a fossil fired power generation unit out of normal and/or emergency operation and control 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Procedural and process analysis. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Communication processes and practises facilitated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Process integration and interrelation analysed with regards to plant performance during variations. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Process chemistry applied 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Water and steam cycle.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Regulatory requirements interpretated and applied. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
6. Operating parameters and technical specifications managed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
7. Out of normal/emergency conditions and actions assessed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
8. Routine activity management defined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
9. Steam generation principles explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
10. Electrical energy generation process illustrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 11 
11. Electrical reticulation comprehended 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
High voltage, low voltage, integrated network, radial feed.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 12 
12. Electrical network control comprehension. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 13 
13. Combustion process/principles are appraised. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 14 
14. Thermo dynamic principles/process evaluated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 15 
15. Energy management requirements analysed 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Plant, performance, efficiency, loss control, resource management.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 16 
16. Terminology, concepts, definitions and abbreviations associated with controller functions are known and understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 17 
17. Trends/incidents/operating history recalled. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 18 
18. Control system configuration and protection integration explained 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Binary, analogue.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 19 
19. Material and structural characteristics fundamentals understood 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Strength, composition, conductivity, material fatigue.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 20 
20. Human resource development practises understood 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Coaching, monitoring, competence assissment.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 21 
21. Leadership practises explained 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Interactive competencies, management competencies, leading competencies
 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Evaluation of documentation and registration thereof according to SAQA requirements

Moderation:
Standard Generating Groups Fossil Power Plant Operations 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
1. Objectively recognise what is happening in or across situations with people, plant and materials.
2. The direct impact of decisions and actions is recognised and the effects on plant and people in the direct work environment are anticipated.
3. The most appropriate action is decided upon after problems were recognised, analised and the options evaluated.
4. The person can listen, question, observe, describe accurately and align with the senders needs.
5. The person can order resources, ideas, events, people and plant to enable required events to realise at organisation and system level.
6. The energy flow through the conversion process is known and the key conversion process concepts are understood.
7. The theory of application of mechanical, electrical and instrumentation plant components and their interrelation to the plant are known and understood.
8. Interrelated plant processes and safety equipment are operated and controlled safely and efficiently.
9. Relevant documentation is completed accurately and processed correctly according to operating procedures, service notifications and authorisation requirements.
10. The trends/incidents related to the specific plant are understood.
11. The concepts, terms and theory of the specified technical field as for the prescribed subjects are known.
12. Operation of the plant is controlled to stay within the set limits for environmental impact.
13. Process chemistry fundamentals applicable to process plant and the implications of operating outside of chemical specifications are known and understood.
14.The relevant regulatory requirements are known, understood and complied with, and subordinates are trained and controlled in their adherence to the Regulations.
15.The Organisation`s purpose, values it subscribes to and it`s vision are known and staff are led in accordance with this.
16.The computer is utilised to manage/control the plant processes and analise plant and conditions.
17. Production targets are met by planning, organising, leading and controlling of staff, and effective working relationships are created by motivating and influencing their behaviour. 

UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
N/A 

UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
N/A 


Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
Identifying & solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization, and community. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
Organising and managing oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
Collecting, analysing, organizing and critically evaluating information. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
Communicating effectively using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written persuasion. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognizing that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation. 

UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
Contributing to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large, by making it the underlying intention of any programme of learning to make an individual aware of the importance of:
a. Reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively;
b. Participating as responsible citizens in the life of local, national and global communities;
c. Being culturally and aesthetically sensitive across a range of social contexts;
d. Exploring education and career opportunities;
e. Developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
N/A 

REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
Terminology used in this unit standard is consistent with the following:
  • Electricity Supply Industry in South Africa
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA)

    A candidate will be regarded not yet competent should the safety of people, plant and materials be jeopardised during any stage of the assessment on any stage of this unit standard. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23679   National Diploma: Fossil Power Plant Process Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-02-18  Was EWSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  61570   National Diploma: Power Plant Process Control Operations  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  EWSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ESKOM DRANKENSBURG PUMP STORAGE (PEAKING) 
    2. ESKOM INGULA PUMP STORAGE SCHEME (PEAKING) 
    3. ESKOM KRIEL POWER STATION OPERATIONS TRAINING 
    4. Kelvin Power (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.