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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Understand and apply technological knowledge and skills in structures 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14095  Understand and apply technological knowledge and skills in structures 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
ABET Level 4  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2004-12-02  2007-12-02  SAQA 1657/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-12-02   2011-12-02  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A candidate credited with this unit standard can demonstrate an understanding of structures and apply this knowledge in the design and making of simple structures and models. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
A candidate registering for this Unit Standard will have received accreditation for Unit Standard 7 at ABET Level 3. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Compare and describe different types of structures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Various types of structures are identified and described in terms of their characteristics and functions. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
(types) solid; shell; frame; natural and made, (functions) containment; protection; support
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The basic requirements for safe, attractive and functional structures are explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
strength; rigidity; stability, aesthetic, ergonomic
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Various structures are analysed in terms of safety, attractiveness and function. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
actual structures, pictures or models.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Structural components and configurations required to make structures strong, rigid and stable are identified and their functions explained. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
materials, reinforcing, beam profiles, gussets, triangulation, cables
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Design a stable structure for a particular need or want or to solve a problem. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The structure is designed taking constraints, ergonomic and aesthetic factors into consideration. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
Model framework structures; actual simple structures of manageable dimensions using easily and cheaply procurable materials and communicated through freehand pictorial drawings with labels and explanations. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
dimensions; materials; costs; construction time; comfort; function; convenience; colour; shape
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Build and evaluate a structure. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Construct the structure according to the design (or a modified version of it). 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
(interpretation of design; estimation of time; selection and procurement of tools, equipment and materials; working materials; erection; evaluation.) 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The structure is evaluated according to the design requirements. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
visual examination; mechanical testing
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. The construction accommodates any necessary modifications required. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
while under construction; after construction; with minimum wastage of materials and time.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Modifications to the design are substantiated. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Oral and/or written motivations
 


UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Types of structures : solid, shell, frame, natural, made
  • Functions of structures : protection, containment, support
  • Requirements for a safe structure : strength, rigidity, stability
  • Requirements for a comfortable and convenient structure : ergonomics
  • Force, load (tensile, compressive) - Bending, buckling
  • Methods of making frame structures rigid : triangulation, gussets - Beam profiles : O, I, square, channel, triangular, right angle
  • Centre of gravity
  • Stable and unstable equilibrium 


  • Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organization or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organize and manage oneself and one's activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively using visual, mathematical, and/or language skills in the modes of written and/or oral presentation. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    SKILLS
  • Identification of structures
  • Analysis of structures for : rigidity, stability, attractiveness, function
  • Pictorial drawing
  • Selection of materials, tools and equipment (Tech 9 : SO #2 and SO #3)
  • Use of relevant tools and equipment (Tech 9 : SO #4)
  • Measuring
  • Fitting
  • Evaluation - visual examination - mechanical testing
  • Presentation skills : oral and written (Tech 5 ) 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  71751   General Education and Training Certificate: Adult Basic Education and Training  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  73249   General Education and Training Certificate: Adult Basic Education and Training: Academic Curriculum  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2021-06-30  UMALUSI 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.