SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Administer telegraph orders for safe movement on rail 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14624  Administer telegraph orders for safe movement on rail 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Transport and Logistics Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 11 - Services Transport, Operations and Logistics 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2006-09-05  2009-06-17  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2010-06-17   2013-06-17  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
264373  Administer telegraph orders for safe movement on rail  Level 4  NQF Level 04  10  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A learner will be able to plan rail movement, complete and issue telegraph orders and conform to POSMOR and related train working rules and contribute to safe movement on rail. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Control rail movement by operating semaphore signals/indicators on single lines - NQF level 5
Utilise telegraph order system for safe movement on rail - NQF level 3 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The level assigned to this standard is appropriate because performance must be carried out:
  • under different weather conditions,
  • during day and night time,
  • in different sections on single lines,
  • within a specific time span to adhere to predictable service,
  • under normal and abnormal circumstances,

    This standard is inclusive of:
  • All train arrangement messages, telegraph orders and warning advices: A+AI, B+BI, S+SB, BM+BMI, Question and Answer-, H+HI messages A, C, E, G, Z, SB, BOM and Manuscript orders, as well as BMX, L and H warning advices.
  • Rules and procedures on token handling regarding the following: train arrangement messages, lost tokens, communication failures, train delays at interloop(s)/station(s), rearrangement of crossings and train failures.
  • Opening and closing of stations 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan rail movement by gathering and communicating information regarding the location. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Plan rail movement by gathering and communicating information regarding the location and running of trains. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Rail movement information is gathered. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Rail movement running times are calculated and movements are planned. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Rail movements are planned according to operational/traffic requirements on single lines. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Planned movements are communicated and agreed upon with neighbouring stations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    5. Information about movement is recorded in train register. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    6. Rail movement is planned. (run through, crossing, shunting) 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Make train arrangements in conjunction with other role-players. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Make train arrangements in conjunction with other role-players (neighbouring station(s), Joint Operating Office, etc.). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Train arrangements are made in conjunction with other role-players (neighbouring station(s), Joint Operating Office, etc.) 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Predictable Service concepts are introduced during arrangements and planning. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Train arrangements diagram is completed 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Complete the train arrangement messages to confirm train arrangements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Train arrangement messages are completed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Question messages are exchanged with receiving station. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Question messages are repeated and confirmed by receiving station. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Reply messages are exchanged with forwarding station. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Reply messages are repeated and confirmed for correctness by forwarding station. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Complete and hand over telegraph order(s) and warning advice(s) (if applicable) 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Complete and hand over telegraph order(s) and warning advice(s) (if applicable) according to information on exchanged train arrangement messages. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Order(s) and warning advice(s) (if applicable) are completed according to information on exchanged messages and train crossings arrangements diagram. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Completed order(s) and warning advices are compared with messages and train crossings arrangements diagram for correctness. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Order(s) and warning advice(s) (if applicable) are handed over to train personnel. (Train in motion or stationary.) 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Record all train movements in the train register and communicate arrival/departure time. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Record all train movements in the train register and communicate arrival/departure time to neighbouring station(s) and train personnel. (when arrive at /depart from unattended places) 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. All train movements are recorded in the train register. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. All train arrivals/departures are communicated to neighbouring station(s) 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. All relevant train arrivals at/departures from unattended places are communicated to neighbouring station(s). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. All relevant train movements are communicated to train personnel [unattended places to confirm complete arrival of train(s)]. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Comply with POSMOR and related instructions to perform safe movement on rail. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. POSMOR are complied with to perform safe movement on rail within telegraph order system. (See POSMOR below.) 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Related train working rules are complied with to perform safe movement on rail within telegraph order system. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. An individual wishing to be assessed against this standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provided institution that has been accredited by the relevant ETQA.
    2. A learner specialising in Rail Operations through this elective standard will be assessed by an assessor who has been certified as competent against the National Certificate in Rail Operations NQF level 5, which must include this standard.
    3. Any assessor and training provider must ensure that the relevant company specific procedures/rules are used as reference material when designing courseware, assessment or when selecting pre-designed assessments.
    4. Anyone assessing a learner against this standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant TRANSPORT SETA - ETQA.
    5. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this standard must be registered and accredited as a provider at SAQA.
    6. Moderation of assessment will be done by the relevant ETQA as prescribed. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners can understand and explain the following in a rail environment:

    1. Principles and theory of the telegraph order system for the purpose of safe movement on rail under normal and abnormal circumstances.
    2. POSMOR and related company specific rules relevant to the telegraph order system.
    3. Relevant elements of OHS Act, Act 85 of 1993.
    4. Protocol of two-way communications to facilitate safe movement on rail.
    5. Planning principles
    Rule of road
    Station Working - Registers
    On/off duty
    Handing over book
    Handing over procedures
    Correspondence
    Documentation - works order
    Shunting trains/private sidings
    High-voltage keys 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Information evaluation

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to critically evaluating information gathered and communicated regarding the planning and making of train arrangements, react to abnormalities, i.e. token(s) lost and verifying information on exchanged messages to execute safe movement on rail. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Team work

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to work together in a team for the safe movement of rail vehicles under normal and abnormal circumstances. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Self-organisation and self-management

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to manage and organise themselves by:
    planning train movements for safe movement of rail vehicles, adhering to and complying with company specific train working rules in normal and abnormal circumstances. Verbally under normal and abnormal circumstances.
    understand that the operational environment includes a set of related systems. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to communicate by means of train orders, warning advices ( written) and orally under normal and abnormal circumstances. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use of science and technology

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to use a telephone, radio or cellular telephone to plan and administer train arrangements for the safe movement of rail vehicles. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Inter-relatedness of systems

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to comprehend the inter relatedness of systems by understanding that the operational environment includes a set of related systems (telegraph order system of train control in conjunction with semaphore/colour light signalling) 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 264373, which is "Administer telegraph orders for safe movement on rail", Level 4, 10 credits.

    ASSESSMENT PROCESS

    When conducting assessment, assessors must ensure that they are familiar with the full text
    of the unit standards being assessed.

    They must ensure that assessment covers the specific outcomes, critical cross-field
    outcomes and essential embedded knowledge.

    Each environment/situation will be different, it will be necessary to develop assessment
    activities and tools, which are appropriate to the context in which the assessment will take
    place.

    METHOD OF ASSESSMENT

    During formal training at the provider:
    1. Written tests
    2. Case studies.
    3. Simulation

    During on the job training:
    1. Oral test
    2. Observations
    3. Case studies.

    Integrated final on the job assessment:
    1. Observation
    2. Oral tests
    3. Case studies

    In the Rail Operations environment it will be more effective to assess a number of unit
    standards together and the assessor must evaluate each assessment request to determine
    the grouping of the standards for assessment.

    The assessment must integrate a number of different methods. (Example: When equipment,
    communication and train movements are normal the integrated assessment will be based on
    normal working. The abnormal working assessment will then be based on a case study
    (simulation) or when the abnormal working is in operation during the assessment period, the
    normal working assessment will be a case study (simulation). This will give the assessor
    reliable and valid proof of competence and evidence of required attitudes and skills.

    The integrated assessment must take place in the environment where the learner will work
    independently on completion of final assessment.

    Valid, reliable and authentic evidence (presented as a portfolio of evidence) from past achievements and experience may serve to supplement the assessment of applied competence. The portfolio should include, inter alia:
    1. Written statements from persons (e.g. current and/or previous employer, colleague, peer, manager, external customers) confirming competence of the learner.
    2. Relevant certificates or awards.
    3. Previous assessment records.
    4. Journal (Logbook).

    Problem-solving

    Learners have acquired the generic ability to solve problems by reacting to abnormalities, i.e. arrangements of trains, etc.

    VALUES

    In addition the following values should be demonstrated:
  • Safety consciousness
  • Decisiveness
  • Co-operative
  • Sense of urgency (within limits)
  • Judgement
  • Assertiveness
  • Responsibility
  • Trustworthiness
  • Integrity
  • Sobriety
  • Quality consciousness

    SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION

    Definition: Telegraph order working means a separate message for each train must be completed on the prescribed question and reply message form before despatch and at time of receipt. Orders must be completed in accordance with the exchanged messages.
    Definition: Abnormal circumstances in this unit standard means, lost tokens, communication failures, train delays at interloop(s)/station(s), rearrangement of crossings and train failures as described in the train working rules applicable to telegraph order token planning, controlling and executing procedures by train control officer. Opening and closing of a station.

    Various telegraph orders/warning advices in use and their utilisation:
    Examples Messages + Orders
    A+AI - A - Authority to proceed from a station to a station.
    B+BI - C - Authority to proceed from a station to an interloop
    B+BI - E - Authority to proceed from an interloop to an interloop
    B+BI - G - Authority to proceed from an interloop to a station
    Z+ZI - Z - Authority for a material train to work in a section
    SB+SBI - SB - Authority for a section block movement
    BM+BMI- BOM - Authority for a Heavy Ballast Tamping Machine to proceed
    Question + Answer - Manuscript
    order - Authorise movement from a point to a point within a section
    Warning advices - L Material train warning order
    H+HI - H Material train crossing order
    - BMX Heavy Ballast Tamping Machine warning advice
    - K+KI Opening of stations 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  24498   National Certificate: Rail Operations (Train Control)  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2009-06-17  Was TETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. PRASA T/A Metrorail Gauteng North 
    2. PRASA T/A Metrorail Gauteng South 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.