SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Join sheetmetal with resistance arc welding process 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14701  Join sheetmetal with resistance arc welding process 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Welding 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for a learner within the fabrication and welding fields
A person credited with this unit standard is capable of:
  • Describe the resistance welding process
  • Select, set up and conduct pre operational checks of resistance welding equipment
  • Prepare sheetmetal prior to welding
  • Join sheetmetal
  • Inspect welded sheetmetal for defects
  • Care and store welding consumables and equipment
    This unit standard will contribute to the full development of any learner by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field. The knowledge, skills and understanding demonstrated in this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the fabrication and welding environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    A learning programme leading to the award of this unit standard should develop learners who demonstrate:
    (a) Ability to carry out moderate tasks that are familiar
    (b) Ability to offer a clear choice of routine responses
    (c) Basic operational knowledge base as indicated in the embedded knowledge component and that are readily available
    (d) An understanding of known solutions to familiar problems with little generation of new ideas
    (e) Ability to work under direct supervision with some responsibility 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Scope:
    Sheetmetal to be joined should be up to 2mm thick.
    Range of materials used is:
  • Low carbon steel

    Context
  • All work undertaken must comply with Occupational Health and Safety Act
  • All work done must comply with worksite practices
  • All work done under constant supervision 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe and explain the resistance welding process and equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The importance of correct assembly of the resistance welding equipment, and the consequences of incorrect assembly, is explained with reference to manufacturer's requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Components of the resistance welding equipment are identified and the explanation of function and purpose is correct in terms of vendor requirements and standards 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Parts and components correctly identified and the implications for incorrect identification explained 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Terms and definitions used are consistent with generally accepted welding terminology as recorded in international welding standards 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Parts include: Welding machine, earth clamp, contact electrodes, hose clamps.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Select, assemble and conduct pre operational checks of resistance welding equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Verification, identification and selection of resistance welding equipment and accessories as per job requirements 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Identification and rectification of hazards relate to welding process in accordance with standard work site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Pre operational checks are carried out in accordance with manufacturer's specifications 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. A safe worksite is created to prevent damage to equipment and injury to people 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Resistance welding parameters are set as per manufacturer's specifications and job requirements 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources to include: manufacturer's specification, worksite practices, and safety and environmental issues.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Prepare sheetmetal prior to welding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Sheetmetal prepared prior to welding as specified on drawing and worksite practices 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Dimensions and alignment checked as specified on drawing 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Sheetmetal tack welded in position as per drawing specifications 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Safety precautions adhered to 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Inspect sheetmetal prior to welding 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources include: Worksite practices, tools, equipment, safety requirements and materials.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Join sheetmetal with resistance welding. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Sheetmetal joined in position as per job requirements 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Safety precaution adhered to during welding process 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Sheetmetal cleaned after welding as per worksite practices 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Potential causes for resistance welding defects/imperfections are identified prior to welding and action taken to meet job requirements 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Material type to be welded: Low carbon steel
    Resources include: Resistance welding equipment, tools, protective clothing, equipment, and materials
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Inspect work piece. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Welded sheetmetal inspected for defects/job requirements 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Defects - destructive and/or non-destructive testing methods
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. All defects dealt with in accordance to work site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Documentation completed as reflected in worksite practices 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Procedures include: Worksite practices, inspection methods and cleaning procedures
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard, must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA

    Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited in terms of the criteria laid down by the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Names and functions of:
  • Resistance welding equipment and accessories
  • Personal protective equipment
    2. Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Types of metals and their properties
  • Types of electrode tips and their characteristics
  • Common defects
  • Hazards
    3. Purpose of:
  • Resistance welding
  • Safety checks
  • Reporting incidents and conditions
  • Checking completed joint
    4. Sensory cues:
  • Smell indicating overheating equipment
    5. Processes, events, causes and effects, implications:
  • Implications of using incorrect electrode tips
  • Causes and responses to defects
  • Resistance welding process
  • Implications of not preparing sheetmetal before welding
  • Electrode tips cooling procedures
  • Procedures and techniques:
  • Set up procedures for resistance welding
  • Resistance welding procedure
  • Preparation for welding sheetmetal
  • Safety procedures
  • Quality procedures
  • Recording and reporting procedures
  • Non-destructive and destructive testing procedures and methods
    7. Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable safety, health and environmental protection legislation and standards
    8. Theory: rules, principles, laws:
  • Applicable welding theory covering resistance welding processes 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems
  • Recognise problems while welding and respond appropriately
  • Defects are recognised and corrected
  • Hazards are recognised and prevented 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work together with others
  • Co-ordinate efforts of workgroup
  • Coach and guide workgroup members 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities
  • Plan sequence of operations based on job instructions and set up equipment appropriately 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information
  • Visually examine and conduct tests on completed weld to control quality 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively
  • Record information on work done
  • Report outcome of work to appropriate personnel 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically
  • Understanding of gas mixture, flame settings and gas pressures and their effects on types of metals 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems
  • Role of resistance welding in the fabrication industry 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard may be obtained through RPL. The learner should be thoroughly briefed on the mechanism to be used and support and guidance should be provided. Care should be taken that the mechanism used provides the learner with an opportunity to demonstrate competence and is not so onerous as to prevent learners from taking up the RPL option towards gaining a qualification.

    NOTES TO ASSESSORS:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  24214   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2006-12-03  MERSETA 
    Elective  57881   National Certificate: Welding Application and Practice  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa International Training Facilities T/A AITF (BREDELL) (TP) 
    2. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    3. Bell Equipment Company SA (Pty) Ltd (ALTON) (TP) 
    4. BELMET TRAINING CENTRE T/A BELMET MARINE (PTY) LTD (Bellville)(TP) 
    5. Bevline Mechanical Projects (Pty) Ltd (PROSPECTON) (TP) 
    6. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    7. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    8. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    9. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Uitenhage (High Street)Campus 
    10. Eastcape Training Centre 
    11. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    12. Further Education Trade Training 
    13. FVW Welding Academy(Johannesburg) (TP) 
    14. Gert Sibande Public FET College - Standerton Campus 
    15. Gijima AST Holdings (Pty) Ltd T/A Fundi Training Centre (BENONI) (TP) 
    16. HV Consultants (Pty) Ltd (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    17. Industries Education & Training Institute (MAITLAND) (TP) 
    18. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PE TTC 
    19. INDUSTRIES EDUCATION & TRAINING INSTITUTE - PORT ELIZABETH 
    20. Izizwe Training Centre (Pty) Ltd T/A Simtech Training (NORTHDENE) (TP) 
    21. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    22. Masiqhame Trading 81 cc T/A Kim's Welding School (AUSTERVILLE) (TP) 
    23. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    24. MSC Artisan Academy (Pty) Ltd T/A Master Artisan Academy SA (EAST LOND 
    25. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    26. Orbit FET College - Rustenburg Campus 
    27. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    28. SAMSONS SCHOOL OF WELDING 
    29. Samsons School of Welding T/A Samsons Skills Development Institute (DU 
    30. Seasons Find 550 cc T/A Anthony's Welding Training Academy (MARBURG) ( 
    31. Sedibeng Artisan Skills Training Centre (VEREENIGING) (TP) 
    32. SEDIBENG TRAINING CENTRE 
    33. Service Corps T/A Works Training School (ELANDSFONTEIN) (TP) 
    34. SSS Sheet Metal Work cc T/A Sheetech SA (DURBAN) (TP) 
    35. St Anthony's Education Centre (BOKSBURG) (TP) 
    36. Steinmuller Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Steinmuller Technical Training Academ 
    37. Swift Skills Academy (SASOLBURG) (TP) 
    38. Tekmation (Pty) Ltd T/A Tekmation Training Institute (DURBAN) (TP) 
    39. THE SAJ COMPETENCY TRAINING INSTITUTE CC 
    40. The Skills College for Development & Training cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    41. Tshwane South Public FET College - Odi Campus 
    42. Umfolozi FET College - Central Office 
    43. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    44. Umgungundlovu FET College - Plessislaer Campus 
    45. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    46. Wavelength T.T.I 
    47. West Coast Public FET College - Vredenburg Campus 
    48. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 
    49. World Focus 382 cc T/A Richards Bay Technical Training & Assessment Centre (ZCBF) (RICHARDS BAY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.