SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Explain how data is stored on computers 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
14944  Explain how data is stored on computers 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Information Systems and Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Information Technology and Computer Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2015-07-01  2018-06-30  SAQA 10105/14 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2019-06-30   2022-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is intended:
  • to provide conceptual knowledge of the areas covered
  • for those working in, or entering the workplace in the area of Information Systems and Technology Management
  • as additional knowledge for those wanting to understand the areas covered

    People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe the roles of IS departments in organisations
  • Describe the structures of IS departments in organisations
    The performance of all elements is to a standard that allows for further learning in this area. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit value of this unit is based on a person having prior knowledge and skills to:
  • Demonstrate an understanding of fundamental mathematics (at least NQF level 3).
  • Demonstrate PC competency skills (End-User Computing unit Standards, at least up to NQF level 3). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of computer data types. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The demonstration distinguishes between data types and includes examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bits (0,1) , Bytes, Numbers , Integers (+- values, whole items), Floating point (temperature, voltage, etc), Boolean (0/1 on/off).
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description of the use of coding systems in a business environment distinguishes categories of coding systems and includes examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    BCD, EBCDIC (IBM mainframes), ASCII (micro & mini computers), UNICODE.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The demonstration illustrates how data manipulation operations are performed on data types. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe computer data structures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The description distinguishes types of computer data structures and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Bits, Bytes, Characters, Fields, Records, Files, Databases.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The description distinguishes types of computer files and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Master, Transaction, Temporary, Document , Serial, Sequential, Indexed, Direct.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The description distinguishes types of computer databases and identifies examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hierarchical, Network, Relational, SQL (Completeness, Non-redundancy, Structure).
     


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    The relevant Education and Training Quality Authority (ETQA) must accredit providers before they can offer programs of education and training assessed against unit standards.
    Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    1. Performance of all elements is to be carried out in accordance with organisation standards and procedures, unless otherwise stated. Organisation standards and procedures may cover: quality assurance, documentation, security, communication, health and safety, and personal behaviour.
    2. Performance of all elements complies with the laws of South Africa, especially with regard to copyright, privacy, health and safety, and consumer rights.
    3. All activities must comply with any policies, procedures and requirements of the organisations involved, the ethical codes of relevant professional bodies and any relevant legislative and/ or regulatory requirements.
    4. Performance of all elements should be performed with a solid understanding of the use of development tools needed in the areas applicable to the unit standard. Examples of such tools are, but is not limited to CASE tools, programming language editors with syntax checking, program source version control systems systems.
    5. Performance of all elements should make use of International capability models used for Software Development. Examples of such models include (but is not limited to) the ISO SPICE model as well as the CMM model for Software Development. 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage him/her self and his/her activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise, and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem solving contexts do not exists in isolation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to his/her full personal development and the social and economic development of the society at large by being aware of the importance of: reflecting on and exploring a variety of strategies to learn more effectively, exploring education and career opportunities and developing entrepreneurial opportunities. 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Sub-Sub-Field (Domain):
    Systems Development 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  78965   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  24294   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Systems Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Core  78964   Further Education and Training Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MICTS 
    Core  24293   National Certificate: Information Technology: Technical Support  Level 4  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L4  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2010-01-23  Was MICTS until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  50479   Further Education and Training Certificate: Advertising  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2018-06-30  MICTS 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Agattu Trading 273 (Pty) Ltd 
    2. Angie Technologies 
    3. Ankalite (Pty) Limited 
    4. Artshub Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    5. AUM IT Solutions 
    6. Awona Technologies cc 
    7. Basfour 2730 (Pty) Ltd 
    8. Believers Care Society 
    9. Blue Bridge Training and Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    10. Broadband College of Technology 
    11. Bytes People Solutions A Division of Altron TMT (Pty) Ltd 
    12. Calandra Trading 523(PTY) 
    13. Calicom Trading 215 (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Careers IT (Pty) Ltd 
    15. Cell C 
    16. Clean Heat Academy 
    17. Competence computer and business management 
    18. Compus training institution 
    19. CTU Training Solutions 
    20. DC Dynamic College of Commerce & Further Training (Pty) Ltd 
    21. Delight Computer Training 
    22. DESTO (PTY) LTD 
    23. DVG Property (Pty)Ltd 
    24. Edu-Fix Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    25. Ekasi IT Solutions CC 
    26. EOH Abantu (Pty) Ltd 
    27. Falcon Business Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    28. Footprint Media academy Pty ltd 
    29. Forek Institute of Technology (Pty) Ltd 
    30. Futurekids SA (Fochville) 
    31. Gabasega Consulting and Training Centre 
    32. Gateway Academy and Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    33. Gijima Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    34. Golden Step Campus (Pty) Ltd. 
    35. Hlanganani ICT (Pty) Ltd 
    36. IALE School of Advanced Learning and Education (Pty) Ltd 
    37. Ict International Consulting Training Worx Pty Ltd 
    38. iLearn Training PTY LTD 
    39. Imvana Training College 
    40. In Excess Trading 22 T/A ATTI Polokwane 
    41. Information Technology Resource Centre 
    42. iSolve Business Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    43. IT SA Computer Services Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    44. IT Solution on the Moving Edge CC 
    45. Ithemba Lentsha Skills Development Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    46. Jonda Learnership Academy 
    47. Kezla Investments 
    48. Khuphulanani Training Institute (Pty) Ltd 
    49. Konani Training and Development Institute 
    50. Leseding Computer Systems (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Limco Consulting and management (Pty) Ltd 
    52. Limpopo Computer College Bk 
    53. M-cot Corporate Training 
    54. Malope IT Solutions 
    55. Mamelodi Digital Centre cc 
    56. Mason Call Centre Solutions CC 
    57. Mass Computer Training And Printers 
    58. Masungulo Electronics and IT Solutions 
    59. MEGRO LEARNING LOWVELD 
    60. Modise Computer College 
    61. Mosadikago Trading Cc 
    62. Mpande Technologies cc 
    63. National Computer College 
    64. National Computer College Carletonville 
    65. NEMISA 
    66. NET2G Technologies (Pty) Ltd t/a EduCampus 
    67. New Arizona Communications & Training 
    68. Nextgen Training Solutions (Pty) Ltd 
    69. Ocule IT cc 
    70. Overcomers Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    71. Peak Training Hazyview 
    72. Phokophela Investment Holdings (Pty) Ltd 
    73. PROCOMPUTRAIN COLLEGE 
    74. Prophesy Training College (Pty) Ltd 
    75. Quantum Career Development (PTY) LTD 
    76. SILVER SOLUTION CC 1360 
    77. Simation (Pty) Ltd 
    78. Simlau Biztec Academy 
    79. Sivile Housing Association RSA 
    80. Smart Byte Training Cc 
    81. St Austins College (Pty) Ltd 
    82. Star Light Consulting 
    83. Success Christian Training Centre 
    84. Technology Corporate Management (Pty) Ltd 
    85. Titan Trade Technologies (Pty) Ltd 
    86. TSS MANAGED SERVICES (PTY) LTD 
    87. Work Skills Resources 
    88. Xantium Trading 304 
    89. Xtensive ICT Academy (Pty) Ltd 
    90. Xylo Trading 12 (Pty) Ltd 
    91. ZJ Africa Learn (Pty) Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.