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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand and apply structural principles 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
15138  Understand and apply structural principles 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Building Construction 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 12 - Physical Planning and Construction Building Construction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners who are assessed as competent against this unit standard will have an understanding of fundamental laws pertaining to structures, the behaviour of structures and structural elements and utilise this understanding to generate and implement solutions to structural problems This competence complements the other management competencies and underpins the Elective learning.It contributes to the development of a professional community of Building Construction Managers. The contribution to The National Skills Development Strategy is the key developmental interface between learners and new competencies to be achieved. Its contribution to socio-economic transformation is that learners would be able to undergo RPL-assessment and thereby receive recognition for previous learning and experience. The employability and career prospects of learners can therefore be enhanced by this qualification. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
FETC 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Effects of loads on structures include the determination of member forces in structures by numerical and graphical methods; rotational effects of force, rotational equilibrium and the determination of support reactions. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Understand fundamental laws pertaining to structures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Structural materials and material selection criteria are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Laws of Newton and their application to structures are explained. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Understand the behaviour of structures and structural elements. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Different types of loads on structures are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. The effects of loads on structural elements are identified and evaluated 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Bending moments and sheer forces are determined for a structure. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Generate and implement solutions to structural problems. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Causes of structural failure are identified and explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. An analytical approach to solving structural problems is implemented. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Appropriate solutions to structural problems are implemented. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the CETA - ETQA for "The National Diploma/Certificate in the Management of Building Construction Processes".
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the CETA - ETQA
  • CETA - ETQA, or other ETQA`s who have a Memorandum of Understanding in place with CETA-ETQA, would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    I can understand and explain:
  • Laws of Newton and their application to structures
  • Terminology of structures
  • Free body diagram
  • Centroids of areas, centres of gravity and their significance in structures
  • Principles of strength of materials, strain, stress and elasticity
  • Categories of structural materials and material selection criteria
  • Friction and its significance for structures
  • Relevant Codes of Practice
  • Different types of loads on structures and the effect on structural elements
  • Possible causes of structural failure 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems

    Specific Outcome
    Generate and implement solutions to structural problems

    Assessment Criteria
  • Causes of structural failure are identified and explained
  • An analytical approach to solving structural problems is implemented
  • Appropriate solutions to structural problems are implemented 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others

    Specific Outcome
    Generate and implement solutions to structural problems 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Employ self management

    Assessment Criteria
  • An analytical approach to solving structural problems is implemented
  • Appropriate solutions to structural problems are implemented 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Manage information

    Specific Outcome
    Understand fundamental laws pertaining to structures

    Assessment Criteria
    Bending moments and sheer forces are determined for a structure 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively

    Assessment Criteria
  • Structural materials and material selection criteria are explained
  • Laws of Newton and their application to structures are explained 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Demonstrate scientific and technological competence

    Specific Outcomes
    Understand fundamental laws pertaining to structures

    Assessment Criteria
    Laws of Newton and their application to structures are explained 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand Contextual world-systems

    Specific Outcome
    Generate and implement solutions to structural problems

    Assessment Criteria
    The effects of loads on structural elements are identified and evaluated 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  23675   National Certificate: Management of Building Construction Processes  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Core  23683   National Diploma: Management of Civil Engineering Construction Processes  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CETA 
    Core  48700   Bachelor of Construction Management: Built Environment  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2012-06-30  CHE 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy for Construction Skills (Pty) Ltd (ACS) 
    2. Construction Resource Development Centre 
    3. Dego Consultants 
    4. MTL Training and Projects 
    5. Raubex Construction Pty (Ltd) 
    6. South African Value Education (Pty) Ltd 
    7. Tjeka Training Matters Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.