SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Forge metal to manufacture jewellery 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
15268  Forge metal to manufacture jewellery 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04  21 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2003-04-09  2006-04-09  SAQA 0347/03 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2007-04-09   2010-04-09  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
261246  Forge metal to manufacture jewellery  Level 3  NQF Level 03  20  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who are required to manufacture jewellery by forging metal. Forging is a process of forming metal to a desired shape by means of hammering.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Identify the equipment and tools used to forge metal and describe the application;
  • Prepare metal sheet and bar for forging;
  • Forge metal into specified pre- designed forms;
  • Ensure desired malleability for specified design outcome. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Melt metal from a crucible into an ingot.
  • Examine metal to ensure good crystalline structure and minimal porosity.
  • Fabricate metal into specified forms. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria.

    Forging begins after preparation of metal into either, sheet or bar and is completed with the metals mechanical properties being left in an appropriate state. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Identify the equipment and tools used to forge metal and describe the application. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The tools and their components, used to perform the forging techniques are identified and the use in different applications is explained in terms of key feature, applications and methods for use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Practices are explained to maintain good housekeeping, safety in the workplace and care of equipment in line with workplace specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The consequences of deviating from workplace specific practices are described in terms of potential impact on health, safety, equipment, products and productivity. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Describe the modifications necessary, to both hammerheads and handles necessary for specified design criteria. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare metal sheet and bar for forging. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Tools for melting, pouring, forming, milling, and annealing of metal are selected and ready for use prior to commencement of metal preparation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Tools are used in accordance with their design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Good workmanship, housekeeping and safety practices are demonstrated. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The consequences of poor workmanship, housekeeping and safety practices are described in terms of the potential impact on safety, productivity and quality. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Forge metal into specified pre-designed forms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Heating, annealing and hammering tools, materials and equipment are selected and ready for use prior to commencement of forging. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The heating equipment and forging hammers are used in accordance with their design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Good workmanship, housekeeping and safety practices are demonstrated in a well-ventilated area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The consequences of poor workmanship, housekeeping and safety practices are described in terms of the potential impact on safety, productivity and quality. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. Surface oxide patinas are removed chemically or mechanically. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Ensure desired malleability for the specified design outcome. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The mechanical properties of the forged shape are measured against the specified design functions and criteria. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The heating equipment and forging hammers are used accordance with their design. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Good workmanship, house keeping and safety practices are demonstrated in a well-ventilated area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The consequences of poor workmanship, housekeeping and safety practices are described in terms of the potential impact on safety, productivity and quality. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.

    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.

    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate`s performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • Health and safety knowledge
  • Report writing
  • Legal and site-specific requirements
  • Three-dimensional spatial perception and developed hand eye co-ordination. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions, assess and take appropriate action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note: The ability and willingness of the candidate to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note: The use of science and technology is not relevant for this unit standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note: The ability of the candidate to identify and refer anomalous behaviour to a specialist confirms understanding that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have a devastating effect. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 261246, which is "Forge metal to manufacture jewellery", Level 3, 20 credits.

    Terminology

    Forging: Shaping metal by hammering.

    Malleability: The ability of metal to be hammered or pressed permanently out of shape, without cracking.

    Crucible: A melting pot used for melting metal.

    Ingot: A form, usually made from iron into which molten metal is poured.

    Design: Specific, articulated plan purpose or intention used to describe a final product.

    Mechanical properties: Description of the workability and descriptive qualities of metal

    Milling: Grinding away metal by mechanical means.

    Annealing: Removal of stress and softening of metal by heat.

    Oxide: A discoloration due to chemical reaction with oxygen, forming on the surface of precious and non-ferrous metal.

    Patinas: A surface colour produced by age heat or chemical means on metal.

    Specified Requirements are contained in one or more of the following:
  • User manuals supplied by equipment manufacturers
  • The Bargaining Council for the Jewellery and Precious Metals Industry Main agreement
  • The employer`s work specifications, tariff agreements and policies and procedures.
  • The Minerals Act and regulations 50/1991
  • Regulations as per directives from the Gold and Diamond Branch of the South African Police Services
  • The Occupational Health and Safety Act, No 85 of 1993
  • ISO 9000/1, SABS and other accredited standards and quality assurance measures
  • A glossary of terms regarding the terminology of the Jewellery Industry. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  57876   Further Education and Training Certificate: Jewellery Manufacturing Operations  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  57875   Further Education and Training Certificate: Jewellery Designing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  58274   Further Education and Training Certificate: Jewellery Setting Processes  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Akapo Jewels 
    2. Global Jewellery Academy1 
    3. IMFUNDISO SKILLS DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    4. INTSIKA SKILLS BENEFICIATION PROJECTS 
    5. MINTEK 
    6. Pneuma And Ivanisevich Manufactures And Selle 
    7. VERWEY''S SELECTION AND TRAINING SERVICES 
    8. ZUREL PRIVATE COLLEGE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.