SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Tint and match pigmented surface coatings 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243012  Tint and match pigmented surface coatings 
ORIGINATOR
Chemical Industries SGB 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Engineering and Related Design 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  10 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for learners who operate or intend to operate a batch tinting process in the surface coatings or related chemical industry to produce pigmented surface coatings complying with specified requirements.

A learner credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Demonstrate understanding of basic colour science.
  • Prepare equipment and self for the tinting process.
  • Tint and match pigmented surface coatings, both metallic and non-metallic/perlescent.
  • Conduct tinting support activities.

    This standard is primarily intended for those who are directly involved in the actual tinting of product to match required colour standards, but it is also useful for those who oversee a batch tinting process or need to have a clearer understanding of how colours are produced. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is assumed that learners are already competent in Communication and Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • Pigmented surface coatings include solid, translucent, metallic and perlescent colours.
  • Tint/tinting means the procedure whereby previously dispersed pigment colourants or toners are added to a tint base, mixed in until homogeneous and then compared for colour with a reference/standard colour sample to assess if it matches. The procedure is normally repeated until a match within specified/acceptable limits is achieved.
  • Tint base means a previously mixed and/or dispersed intermediate coatings product which is not a finished product in itself and requires the addition of colourant(s)/toner(s) to complete the product. A tint base may be pigmented or non-pigmented/clear.
  • Colourant/tinter/ toner means an intermediate product consisting of a primary pigment previously dispersed in a liquid medium.
    > Range: Solid colour/opaque and/or translucent.
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE) means equipment required to protect the health and safety of persons, such as gloves, masks, respirators, aprons, overcoats, safety shoes, ear protection, eye protection.
  • Relevant legislation means legislation pertaining to the chemical manufacturing environment. Includes, but is not limited to acts and regulations that control occupational health and safety, water and the environment.
  • Standard operating procedures (SOPs) means procedures described in controlled documentation and/or other standard site-specific procedures pertaining to the process and/or equipment being used.
  • Instructions include any works instructions, batch card or process instructions in written format and/or verbal instructions issued by a superior.
  • Good manufacturing practice means that part of Quality Assurance that ensures that a product is manufactured consistently and controlled to quality standards appropriate to its intended use.
  • Materials handled may be hazardous and/or non-hazardous. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate an understanding of basic colour science. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The three basic requirements for the perception of colour are stated and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The different mechanisms involved in the production of colour on a TV screen and on a motor car are explained in simple terms. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The terms "hue", "chroma" and "lightness/darkness" are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The influence of three factors, viz. light conditions, surface and angle on the perception of pigmented colour by an observer are explained with reference to suitable examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The effects/results achieved when pigment colours are mixed are described. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Primary colours, lighter/darker.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The output results from a colour measuring instrument can be interpreted and their significance explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Colour difference, pass/fail limits. Colour system may include NCS colour system, CIE Lab colour space or other appropriate system.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to tint. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Job specifications are obtained, understood, and verified with the supervisor according to oral and/or written instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment for the job are identified and selected according to the job specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Tools and equipment may include paint volume and mass measuring equipment, application and curing equipment, colour assessment equipment, racks, reference colour standard and test pieces.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The mixing and tinting equipment is ensured to be ready for use, as per standard operating procedures and instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Non-conforming equipment is either rectified or reported, in accordance with standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Ready for use means functional, correctly set, safe, clean and vessels and machines are correctly labelled.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Appropriate PPE and machine safety equipment are used as and when required as per batch card and/or site-specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Appropriate tinting materials are available in the required quality and quantity, and ensured to be ready for tinting. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Non-conforming materials are either rectified or reported, in accordance with standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Materials include tint base(s) and colourants/tinters/toners as per instructions.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Consequences of inadequate preparation are described in terms of effect on quality of product, productivity and safety. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Mix, tint, and match pigmented coatings. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The GMP principles carried out prior to and during tinting and matching operations are described and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Equipment is started and shut down as and when required in accordance with standard operating procedures and manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The tint base is tinted in accordance with SOP's to achieve a match within specified limits, and tinting is completed within stipulated time frames. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The quantities of colourants/tinters/toners used are recorded in accordance with SOP's. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    In process quality control tests are performed in accordance with SOP's and instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Health, safety and environmental procedures are observed in accordance with relevant legislation and site specific SOP's. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Use of PPE, materials handling, equipment operation, working practices.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Consequences of incorrect colour matching decisions are explained in terms of quality, productivity, cost and customer satisfaction. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Conduct tinting support activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Samples are taken, labelled and handled as and when required in accordance with SOP's. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Explanations are provided concerning the basics of good sampling techniques. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Method, timing, temperature, quantity.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Documentation is completed to reflect the status of each stage and is submitted to designated personnel as per company specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The product is secured for further processing as per instructions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Equipment, site and self are cleaned as and when required in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    All surplus materials and waste are stored or disposed of in accordance with standard operating procedures and/or instructions. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • The relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body will oversee assessment and moderation of assessment, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments of the unit standard, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the Unit Standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Basic colour theory and technology.
  • Application of colour matching equipment, tinting skills and interpretation of results.
  • Health, safety and environmental regulations in a chemical manufacturing environment.
  • Perform end of tinting operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
  • Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made.
    > Preparation of mixing and tinting equipment; quality evaluation; colour matching.

    Specific outcome: 2, 3
  • Prepare to tint.
  • Mix, tint, and match pigmented coatings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community-communication with immediate supervisor; communication of non-conformance.

    Specific outcome: 2, 3
  • Prepare to tint.
  • Mix, tint, and match pigmented coatings. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
  • Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
    > Evidence in explaining basic colour science, preparing to tint, mixing and tinting, and conducting support activities.

    Specific outcome: refer to all. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
  • Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
    > Explanations of basic colour science; completion of documentation.

    Specific outcomes: 1, 4
  • Demonstrate an understanding of basic colour science.
  • Conduct tinting support activities. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
  • Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
    > All three specific outcomes in this unit standard point to the learner being able to use science and technology effectively and critically.

    Specific outcomes: refer to all. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
    > Consequences of all actions relating to mixing, tinting and matching, and the use of surface coatings technology.

    Specific outcome: refer to all. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
  • Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.
    > A learner found competent against this unit standard will have developed personally and will have assisted the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Specific outcome: refer to all. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  57879   National Certificate: Manufacturing of Surface Coatings  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CHIETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. SAPITI (SOUTH AFRICAN PAINT INDUSTRY TRAINING INSTITUTE) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.