SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Analyse and apply safety principles in aviation 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
243278  Analyse and apply safety principles in aviation 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Aerospace Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Physical Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will enable learners to demonstrate knowledge of safety principles in aviation in compliance with Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)/Military Aviation Authority (MAA). Regulations and safe flying practice. Learners will be able to apply and critically analyse safety principles within the field of aviation in order for them to take necessary decisions and actions. This unit standard will benefit learners within the arena of transport piloting.

A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • Analyse and evaluate the principles of safety in aviation.
  • Determine unsafe conditions and take appropriate actions.
  • Determine the impact of unsafe practices on flight operations. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Physical Science at NQF Level 4.
  • Apply safety principles in flight operations NQF Level 5. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical scope of this unit standard:
  • The analysis of the principles of safety includes but is not limited to knowledge of equipment, knowledge of human behaviour in an aviation context, knowledge of the environment, risks associated with flight operation, situational awareness and judgment.
  • Situational awareness includes but is not limited to the perception of the elements in the environment within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future.
  • Safe practice in flight operations includes but is not limited to a systematic and proactive process that minimises risks to aviation and the public whilst integrating flight operations, technical systems and resource management. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Analyse and evaluate the principles of safety in aviation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Aviation safety principles are examined to determine consistency with planned flight operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Aviation safety principles are analysed in order to discover essential features or meaning for flight operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of aviation safety principles are evaluated in terms of their impact on flight operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Aviation safety principles are applied in flight operations. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Evidence of application could be found in risk reduction plan, accident/incident reports or voluntary disclosure of information.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Determine unsafe conditions and take appropriate action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Deviations from the normal flight operations are determined and analysed in relation to the various phases of flight. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Phases include but are not limited to preparation, pre-flight, taxi, take-off, climb, cruise, descent, approach, landing, go-around, post-flight.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Unsafe conditions are determined and analysed in relation to the various phases of flight. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Phases include but are not limited to preparation, pre-flight, taxi, take-off, climb, cruise, decent, approach, landing, go-around and post-flight.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Corrective action is implemented and monitored in accordance with the deviation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Corrective action is implemented and monitored to address the unsafe condition. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Determine the impact of unsafe practices on flight operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Flight operations are critically examined to determine actual and potential unsafe practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The interaction between flight operations and unsafe practices is analysed to reflect the impact of safe flight operations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The risks are identified and analysed to determine the level of risk to be considered in a plan of action. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    A strategy is developed in order to mitigate identified risks. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA in accordance with the current ETQA regulations.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Other ETQA's who have a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA would be responsible for moderation of learner achievements of learners who meet the requirements of this qualification. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • The definition of airmanship.
  • Definition of situational awareness.
  • Definition of safety in flight.
  • Functions and locations of leadership positions in flight operations.
  • Purpose of processes and procedures of flight and airport operation.
  • Cause and effect, implications of non conformance.
  • Procedures and techniques in aeronautical decision making.
  • Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies with regard to flight operations.
  • Theory - rules, laws, principles of flight.
  • The ability to operate a multi-engine aircraft in VMC and IMC during day and night time and during all phases of flight.
  • General procedures for non-normal and emergency situations that might occur during operations.
  • Air traffic control procedures.
  • Procedures specific to the airport being used.
  • Prescribed traffic pattern requirements and procedures.
  • Departure and arrival procedures.
  • ICAO Annex 6. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identifying and solving problems in which responses display that responsible decisions using critical and creative thinking have been made when:
  • Analysing and evaluating the principles of safety in aviation.
  • Identifying unsafe conditions.
  • Determining the impact of unsafe practises on flight operations.
  • Applying knowledge of safety principles in flight operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Working effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation, and community when:
  • Take appropriate actions during unsafe conditions.
  • Apply knowledge of safety principles in flight operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collecting, analysing, organising and critically evaluating information to better understand and explain:
  • Principles of safety in aviation.
  • Unsafe conditions during flight operations.
  • The impact of unsafe practises on flight operations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Using science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others when:
  • Corrective action is implemented and monitored. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrating an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation when:
  • Flight operations are critically examined.
  • The interaction between flight operations and unsafe practices is analysed.
  • The risks are identified and analysed.
  • A strategy is developed in order to mitigate identified risks. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
  • The assessor must hold a recognised relevant civil or military flying instructor certification as applicable to the stream of assessment.
  • The assessor must be competent in the outcomes of this unit standard. 

  • REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Definitions:
  • Airmanship: The application of the principles of skill, proficiency and discipline. It includes but is not limited to: knowledge of equipment, knowledge of self, knowledge of the environment, risks associated with flight operations, appropriate situational awareness and judgment.
  • Situational awareness: The perception of the elements in the environment within a volume of time and space, the comprehension of their meaning, and the projection of their status in the near future.
  • Safe practice in flight operations: Means a systematic and proactive process that minimises risks to aviation and the public whilst integrating flight operations, technical systems and resource management.
  • Consistently: Where the term consistently is used with regard to assessment or the need to display competence it should be undertaken in accordance with ICAO Standards and ICAO Standard Recommended Practices.
  • Where the term "Cockpit Resource Management" is used it also means "Crew Resource Management" and vice-versa.
  • Where the term "non-normal" is used it also means the term "abnormal" and vice-versa.
  • Where the term "Captain" is used it also means "Commander" and vice-versa.
  • Where the term "Standard Operating Procedures" are used it also means "Operator Procedures" or "Operating Procedures" or vice versa.
  • The terms "airport" and "aerodrome" and "airfield" are used as synonyms where appropriate.
  • The information contained in this unit standard does not supersede any information contained in manufacturer's instructions or any law.
  • Assessment guidelines:
    > Assessors must note that Standard Operating Procedures are used as guidance to harmonise and standardise training and a flight operation. Deviation from SOP's or omission of individual items occurs and should be allowed for during assessment if such deviation can be justified. Checklists however, contain critical items and must be followed. Thus deviation from a checklist should only be considered if the nature of an emergency or non-normality dictates such deviation as an appropriate behaviour.

    Abbreviations:
  • AFM: Aircraft Flight Manual.
  • CAA: Civil Aviation Authority.
  • CRM: Crew Resource Management (Cockpit Resource Management).
  • ICAO: International Civil Aviation Organisation.
  • IMC: Instrument Meteorological Conditions.
  • MAA: Military Aviation Authority.
  • POH: Pilot Operating Handbook.
  • SOP's: Standard Operating Procedures.
  • VMC: Visual Meteorological Conditions. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  59256   National Diploma: Flight Dispatch  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Core  58579   National Diploma: Air Traffic Control  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Fundamental  58580   National Certificate: Aerodrome Control  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Fundamental  66109   National Diploma: Aircraft Performance Engineering  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Fundamental  58008   National Diploma: Aircraft Piloting  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 
    Elective  60549   National Diploma: Aeronautical Information Management Practice  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.