SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Understand the fundamentals of engine technology 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244056  Understand the fundamentals of engine technology 
ORIGINATOR ORIGINATING PROVIDER
SGB Vehicle Maintenance   
QUALITY ASSURING BODY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2012-07-01  2015-06-30  SAQA 0695/12 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2016-06-30   2019-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
People in the field of manufacturing and engineering require the skills, values and knowledge reflected in this unit standard. The learning outcomes in this unit standard also contribute to the exit level outcomes required for various manufacturing and engineering qualifications. The learner is able to read and interpret information to understand the fundamentals of engine technology. The learner is also able to identify major and sub-components, their functions and the functions of engine systems. This will contribute to the exit level outcomes required for the National Certificate in automotive repair and maintenance and related qualifications. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
This unit standard has been designed as part of a progression. It is one of a series of unit standards for fuel injection technology in the field of manufacturing and engineering. It is assumed that the learner has already achieved the relevant unit standards at the lower level. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
The ranges as indicated under the specific outcomes determine the scope and level of this unit standard. All work is performed under supervision at regular intervals and according to workplace and workshop manual specifications and occupational safety, health and environmental legislation. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Identify the various types of automotive engines and engine operation. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
  • The various types of automotive engines include petrol and diesel engines.
  • Engine operation includes the four stroke and two stroke cycle. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The types of engines are identified in terms of their key differences in operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The main advantages of each type of engine are explained in relation to their designed use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The fuel combustion processes are explained in accordance with the applicable engine technology. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Identify the function of the major parts of a typical automotive engine. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • The major parts include engine bottom end, engine top end and engine front end constructions.
  • The engine bottom end construction includes the cylinder block, crankshaft, main bearings, crankshaft oil seals, flywheel, connecting rods, connecting rod bearings, pistons, piston pins, piston clearance, piston rings and ring gap.
  • The engine top end construction includes the cylinder head, valve train, camshaft, valve lifters, push rods, rocker arms, valves, valve seals, valve spring assembly, intake and exhaust manifolds and the valve cover.
  • The engine front end construction includes the camshaft drive, front cover and crank damper. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The major parts are identified and their function explained in accordance with design criteria. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Differences in major parts are explained in relation to the type of engine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reasons for using specific major parts are explained in relation to engine design. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain engine design classifications. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Design classifications include cylinder arrangement, number of cylinders, cooling system type, valve location, camshaft location, combustion chamber design and the type of fuel burned. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Engines are classified in terms of their design differences. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Differences in engine design are explained in relation to the type of engine and its use. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reasons for using specific design criteria are explained in relation to engine performance and size. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the various automotive engine systems, their functions and associated components. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Engine systems include computer systems, fuel systems, exhaust systems, turbo and supercharger systems, electrical systems, cooling and lubrication systems and emission control systems. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The engine systems are identified and their function explained in accordance with design criteria. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Differences in engine systems are explained in relation to the type of engine. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Reasons for using specific engine systems are explained in relation to engine design. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Explain safe working practises related to automotive engines. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
  • Safety concepts include working according to workplace safety and procedures and the use of personal protective equipment.
  • Workplace safety and procedures includes the safe use of lifting equipment when handling automotive engines and components.
  • Adhering to SHE procedures. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Workplace safety procedures are identified and explained in relation to specific tasks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Personal protective equipment is identified and its method of use explained in relation to specific tasks. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The use of lifting equipment is explained in accordance with safety legislation and manufacturer specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The consequences of not working safely are explained in terms of risk of injury and loss of production. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
    Interact with others in the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The benefits of teamwork are explained in terms of work schedules and possibility of performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Potential difficulties of working as a team member are identified and described in relation to personal preferences and methods of achieving required results. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Communication is clear and unambiguous. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Interactions promote teamwork. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Names and functions of:
  • Engine major components.
  • Engine sub-components and systems.

    Attributes, descriptions, characteristics and properties:
  • Ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
  • Engine major components.
  • Engine sub-components and systems.

    Sensory cues:
  • What I see, hear, smell and feel during the process.

    Purpose of:
  • Engine fundamentals.
  • Engine classification.
  • Engine top end construction.
  • Engine bottom end construction.
  • Engine front end construction.
  • Engine size and performance management.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Applicable company policies and procedures.
  • Workshop manual procedures.
  • SHE procedures.
  • Quality procedures.

    Theory: rules, principles, laws relating to:
  • Petrol and diesel engines.
  • Comparison between the four stroke and two stroke cycle.
  • Engine design classifications.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Relationship between the major and sub-components of an engine and engine systems and how they are assembled in an automotive engineering environment. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Related to the fundamentals of engine technology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • Interact with team members and colleagues to collect and analyse information related to the fundamentals of engine technology. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage myself and my activities:
  • Working in accordance with workplace procedure. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Interact with team members and colleagues when discussing and evaluating information and problems. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • To collect technical data and information from a range of workshop manuals. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems:
  • The lay-out of an average automotive engineering workplace and the process flow to assemble engines. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE QUALITY ASSURING BODY
    Core  78523   National Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2015-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Core  78944   National Certificate: Autotronics  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2015-06-30  MERSETA 
    Core  64529   National Certificate: Automotive Body Repair  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  MERSETA 
    Core  58497   National Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2009-02-18  Was MERSETA until Last Date for Achievement 
    Elective  65809   National Certificate: Automotive Manufacturing and Assembly  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2015-06-30  MERSETA 
    Elective  78524   National Certificate: Automotive Repair and Maintenance  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2015-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Quality Assuring Bodies have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Quality Assuring Body should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Academy Of Business And Computer Studies - Gauteng 
    2. Aldabri(PTY) Ltd 
    3. Barloworld Equipment (Pty) Ltd (BELLVILLE) (TP) 
    4. Barloworld South Africa (Pty) Ltd T/A Barloworld-Equipment (ISANDO) (T 
    5. Blue Horison Properties 53 (Pty) Ltd T/A Durnacol Skills Innovation Hu 
    6. BMW SA (Pty) Ltd (ROSSLYN) (TP) 
    7. Boland Public FET College - Worcester Campus 
    8. Buscor 
    9. Clein's Technical Training Centre (NELSPRUIT) (TP) 
    10. Coastal Kzn F.E.T. College - Swinton Road Campus 
    11. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE 
    12. Dawsons Training Academy (Pty) Ltd (DURBAN) (TP) 
    13. Eastcape Midlands Public FET College - Charles Good Year Campus 
    14. Eastcape Training Centre 
    15. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Germiston Campus 
    16. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Kempton Campus 
    17. Ekurhuleni West Public FET College - Lazarus Nhlapo Campus 
    18. False Bay Public FET College - Westlake Campus 
    19. First Car Care (Pty) Ltd T/A STi Autobody Repairers (GOODWOOD) (TP) 
    20. Hibiscus Skills Training College (HILLCREST) (TP) 
    21. Honda South Africa (Pty) Ltd (RANDJESPARK) (TP) 
    22. HV Maintenance Services (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 
    23. Ikaheng Training & Development (BLOEMFONTEIN) (TP) 
    24. Ikhala Public FET College - Central Office 
    25. Imperial Technical Training Academy (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    26. Imperial Technical Training Academy (GERMISTON) (TP) 
    27. Imperial Technical Training Academy (WADEVILLE) (TP) 
    28. Industry Training & Consulting cc (PRETORIA) (TP) 
    29. INSTITUTE FOR QUALITY EDUCATION, TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT: FLORIDA 
    30. INSYGHT TECHNOLOGY TRAINING CENTRE (Durban)(TP) 
    31. ITHEMBA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
    32. JMC TECHNICAL TRAINING (Bloemfontein)(TP) 
    33. KwaZulu Automotive Training Services cc (KZN) (DURBAN) (TP) 
    34. McCarthy Academy Cape Town (BLACKHEATH) (TP) 
    35. McCarthy Automotive Artisan Academy (MIDRAND) (TP) 
    36. McCarthy Automotive Artisans Academy (PINETOWN) (TP) 
    37. Mercedes Benz South Africa (Pty) Ltd (EAST LONDON) (TP) 
    38. Mopani South East FET College - Phalaborwa Campus 
    39. Northlink College - Bellville Campus 
    40. Northlink College - Goodwood Campus 
    41. Olebogeng Onkemetse Training Centre (MAFIKENG) (TP) 
    42. Orbit FET College - Mankwe Campus 
    43. Pam's Educational Consultancy 
    44. PUTCO Limited 
    45. Qualitas Training cc (SELBY) (TP) 
    46. Safika Oosthuizens Transport (Pty) Ltd T/A Safika Oosthuizens Training 
    47. SCANIA SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD (Aeroton)(TP) 
    48. Shukela Training Centre 
    49. South Cape Public FET College - George Campus 
    50. St Anthony''s Education Centre 
    51. Taletso FET College - Mafikeng/Mmabatho Campus 
    52. The Automobile Association of South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MO 
    53. The Automobile Association South Africa T/A AA Training Academy (MIDRA 
    54. Toyota Academy Toyota SA Motors (Pty) Ltd (SANDTON) (TP) 
    55. Tshwane South Public FET College - Centurion Campus 
    56. Uitenhage Despatch Skills Development (Pty) Ltd (UITENHAGE) (TP) 
    57. Umfolozi FET College - Mandeni Campus 
    58. Umgudulu Motors & Fitment Centre (UMGENI) (TP) 
    59. Volkswagen of South Africa (Pty) Ltd - Technical Learning Academy (UIT 
    60. Wavelength T.T.I 
    61. Zakheni Training Academy (SELBY) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.