SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Provide pedestrian escort to designated persons within a close protection environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244327  Provide pedestrian escort to designated persons within a close protection environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Security 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  15 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The purpose of this unit standard is to enable learners to plan and provide close body cover and protection to designated persons whilst on foot. Learners will be able to take into account all influencing factors during the planning phase of providing a pedestrian escort, they will also be able to use their bodies and equipment to protect a designated person while on foot. These learners will also have the competencies and skills to manage threats to and attacks on designated persons whilst on foot. The unit standard enables learners to create and maintain a secure environment within which the designated person can move on foot free of threat, harassment and embarrassment.

A person credited with this unit will be able to:
  • Plan a pedestrian escort.
  • Provide body cover to a principal whilst implementing a pedestrian escort.
  • Manage threats and/or attacks on the principal. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication at NQF Level 4.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 4.
  • ID 119649: "Handle and use a handgun".
  • ID 123515: "Handle and use a handgun for business purpose".
  • ID 120486: "Demonstrate physical defensive restraining techniques". 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • For the purpose of this unit standard venue operation centre may include but is not limited to a static, mobile or temporary venue operations centre.
  • The term: "principal" refers to designated persons (such as clients) to be protected.
  • The term: "risk" also includes but is not limited to specific and non- specific threats.
  • The term: "counter surveillance" only refers to the detection and deterrence of illicit observation of the principal with the purpose of forwarding any information gathered to the applicable authorities. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Plan a pedestrian escort. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Planning includes consideration of procedures applicable to the pedestrian aspects of the operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Information on the principals risk profile, profile preference, environment and resources are collated and assessed to select a pedestrian escort formation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    A pedestrian escort plan is drafted to reflect specific roles and areas of observation and possible interventions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Potential threats that could impact on the operation are examined and communicated to formulate requisite contingency plans. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Threats refer to both specific and non-specific threats.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Primary and alternate pedestrian routes are identified and selected to ensure safe passage. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Provide body cover to a principal whilst implementing pedestrian foot formations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Positions within the selected foot formation are explained in terms of their functions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Transition between selected foot formations is demonstrated within changing physical environments. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Physical environments include but are not limited to greeting lines, hostile crowds, narrow passages, escalators, lifts, underground parking areas and stairwells.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Situational awareness is demonstrated in the pedestrian escort formation environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Situational awareness must include vigilance within the arcs of observation and intervention. Vigilance within the arcs of observation and intervention is manifested either physically or verbally within the pedestrian escort formation environment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The use of a communication plan within the pedestrian escort is demonstrated for information sharing purposes. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Manage threats and or attacks on the principal whilst on foot. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Possible threats are drawn from the risk analysis and prioritized within the pedestrian escort formation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Responses to the potential threats are determined in line with current legal prescripts and protocol requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Immediate action drills are applied during a simulated hostile attack. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    The following simulations must be assessed:

    Simulation must include the disarming of the following classes of weapons:
  • Impact weapons (such as, but is not limited to hands, feet and batons).
  • Chemical weapons (such as, but is not limited to maces and pepper sprays).
  • Edged weapons (such as, but is not limited to knives, blades and bottles).
  • Ballistic weapons (such as, but is not limited to projectile weapons, firearms).
  • Electrical weapons (such as, but is not limited to Tazers). 
  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Simulation must include a combination of the following:
  • Sighting of threats (sounds off).
  • Interception and neutralizing of threats.
  • Body cover of principal.
  • Evacuation to cover or transport.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Escort formation is maintained during a medical emergency. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Medical emergency refers to simulated emergencies.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Possible threats within the pedestrian formation environment are identified and measured response is implemented. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An individual wishing to be assessed (including through RPL) against this Unit Standard may apply to an assessment agency, assessor or provider institution accredited by the relevant ETQA, or an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard or assessing this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be conducted by the relevant ETQA at its discretion. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Plan includes:
  • Risk profile.
  • Environment.
  • Resources (human, logistics and financial).
  • Principal's preferences (choice of high, low, covert pedestrian profiles).
  • Pedestrian routes (primary, alternative and ad-hoc).
  • Verbal and non-verbal communication.
  • Private security domain/liaison.
  • Drafting a pedestrian escort plan (foot formation).
  • Assigning of individual positions within a pedestrian escort (Personal Protection Officers and Close Protection Officers).
  • Amenities (ablutions, holding room, preparation room and business centre).
  • Counter surveillance.
  • Counter sniping.

    Pedestrian escort section includes:
  • Form-up foot formations according to a pedestrian escort plan.
  • Tasking of Close Protection Officers (CPOs) according to their skills profiles.
  • Arcs of observation and intervention.
  • Deployment of logistical resources within a foot formation/pedestrian escort sections.
  • Testing of equipment and communication codes.

    Protective foot formations may include:
  • One on one right formation.
  • One on one Left formation.
  • Two man/CPO formation.
  • Three man/CPO formation.
  • Four man/CPO formation.
  • Five man/CPO formation.
  • Six man/CPO formation.
  • Seven man/CPO formation.
  • Defensive circle.
  • Greeting lines.

    Managing threats includes:
  • Assigning generic roles and responsibilities during an attack on principal:
    > Sighting of threats (sounds off).
    > Interception and neutralizing of threats.
    > Body cover of principal.
    > Evacuation to cover or transport.
  • Assigning code words relating to an attack on the principal.
  • Decide on requisite reactions to emergencies (fire, medical, natural, physical [armed and unarmed],verbal and hostage survival).
  • Responsibility to interpret and comprehend a pedestrian escort plan in relation to the total operational plan and to execute it's content.
  • Restraining measures to incapacitate or overwhelm a suspect/attacker.

    Principles and procedures relating to:
  • Emergency/non-emergency incidents and procedures.
  • Client relations.
  • Lethal/non-lethal confrontations within the transit environment.
  • Lawful arresting and restraining techniques.
  • Search and seizure.
  • Observational techniques.
  • Counter surveillance techniques.
  • A broad understanding of threat/risk assessment.

    Current sections of the following Acts as amended:
  • Constitution, Chapter Two, Bill of Rights.
  • Firearms Control Act, 2000 (Act 60 of 2000) sections dealing with storage and transport of firearms and ammunition as well as the carrying of firearms in a public place. Section dealing with firearm free zones.
  • Criminal Procedures Act, 1977 (Act 51 of 1977) sections dealing with search and seizure, arrest and restraining and use of force.
  • Dangerous Weapons Act,1968 (Act 71 of 1968) sections dealing with the prohibition of possession of dangerous weapons, firearms and certain other objects
  • National Key Points Act, 1980 (Act 102 of 1980) sections dealing with identification of Key Points and prohibitions at Key Points.
  • PSIRA Act, 2001 (Act 56 of 2001) sections dealing with registration of close protection officers/security service providers, exemptions pertaining to close protection officers, code of conduct and relevant penalties.
  • Control of Access to Public Premises and Vehicles Act, 1985 (Act 53 of 1985) sections dealing with access and exemptions of certain persons to public premises.
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993) sections dealing with general duties of employers and other persons, duty to inform, duties of employees in the workplace and duty not to interfere or misuse of safety equipment.

    Common Law principles pertaining to:
  • Common criminal law principles pertaining to private defense, necessity, spontaneous agency.
  • Moral and humanitarian considerations (proportionality of force).
  • Vicarious liability.
  • Civil liability.

    Standards and procedures relating to:
  • Minimum Information Security Standards (M.I.S.S).
  • Safety equipment (Personal Protection Equipment). 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems related to the relevant pedestrian protection operations of the principal. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a pedestrian escort section. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organize oneself and one's activities so that all requirements are met in achieving effective protection of designated persons whilst on foot. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyze, validate, organize and incorporate information related to the pedestrian escort plan which indicate probable occurrences that could impact on the inner-perimeter protection of the principal whilst on foot. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively when dealing with confrontations with both clients and public respectively in line with accepted protocol. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Possible resources required for assessment:
  • Communications equipment.
  • Necessary administrative and stationery issue.
  • A group of persons (actors or fellow learners) to assist with role-plays.
  • Facilities for assessment purposes (e.g. stairs, elevators, physical obstructions).
  • Criterion referenced assessment instructions/tools.
  • A suitable venue, workplace and classroom. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58696   National Certificate: Close Protection  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AIM TRAINING 
    2. AIM TRAINING ACADEMY 
    3. BAGATLAMEDI SECURITY AND CLEANING SERVICES 
    4. DEFENSIVE TRAINING CONCEPTS 
    5. DWANDZANI PROJECTS CC 
    6. DYNAMIC ALTERNATIVES PTY LTD 
    7. EKHURHULENI SHOOTING AND TRAINING ACADEMY 
    8. EXPRO PROTECTION SERVICES CC 
    9. FALCON FIREARM ACADEMY 
    10. FIRMSTONE CONSULTING AND SECURITY ACADEMY 
    11. G4s Secure Solutions Sa Pty Ltd1 
    12. Hadassah Security Consultants Cc 
    13. HJN TRAINING CC Pretoria 
    14. Inkwe Sekuriteit Bk 
    15. IPELENG RISK MANAGEMENT SERVICES PTY LTD 
    16. Lesedi Security And Training Servic Es 
    17. MZANSI SECURITY 
    18. Nastec Cc 
    19. RONIN PROTECTION SERVICES 
    20. SPECIAL ASSET PROTECTION SERVICES KRAAIFONTEIN 
    21. TENEX 
    22. TRIOTIC PROTECTION SERVICES CC TSHWANE 
    23. TSU PROTECTION SERVICES 
    24. TZANEEN TRAINING CENTRE LIMPOPO 
    25. Zenzele Training School Cc 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.