SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Support an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244372  Support an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who have to support an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the drilling and installation of support using a hydraulic roof bolter.
  • Prepare to drill holes and install support.
  • Drill holes and install support.
  • Perform-post drilling and installation activities.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector by supporting an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter as part of the mining process.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of persons responsible for supporting an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Follow basic occupational health and safety practices underground at NQF Level 2.
  • Take charge of and drive an articulating vehicle in an underground mine at NQF Level 2.
  • Identify and deal with rock strata conditions pertaining to the installation and maintenance of support at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the drilling and installation of support using a hydraulic roof bolter. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation of the significant risks and consequences associated with the workplace hazards pertaining to supporting an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Workplace hazards must include those relating to:
  • Support conditions.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Misfires in rocks.
  • Environmental conditions i.e. heat, gases, dust, excessive water, visibility and ventilation flow.
  • Fire.
  • Exposure to unsafe Electrical connections.
  • Working under unsafe roof or sidewalls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation of the significant risks and consequences associated with the work related hazards pertaining to supporting an underground workplace by means of a hydraulic roof bolter is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Work-related hazards must include those relating to:
  • Working in the proximity of moving machinery.
  • Pedestrians and other workers.
  • Working in proximity of cables and pipes.
  • Hydraulic pressure.
  • Roadway conditions.
  • Access control.
  • Electrocution.
  • Material handling.
  • Chemicals.
  • Lock out procedure.
  • Confined spaces.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The basic principles of operation of a hydraulic roof bolter are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include:
  • Monitoring of instruments/gauges/safety systems.
  • Brake testing.
  • Manipulation of controls.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to drill holes and install support. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The required personal protective equipment is available, in good working order, fit for purpose and used in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The required tools, material and equipment are available, fit for purpose, in good working order and transported to the designated areas according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    A pre-use inspection is conducted on a hydraulic roof bolter and sub standard conditions are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The workplace is examined for workplace hazards and such hazards are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Workplace hazards must include those relating to:
  • Support conditions.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Misfires in rocks.
  • Environmental conditions i.e. heat, gases, dust, excessive water, visibility and ventilation flow.
  • Fire.
  • Exposure to unsafe Electrical connections.
  • Working under unsafe roof or sidewalls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Precautions taken to prevent unauthorized entry into the affected area are according to specified requirements in terms of positioning of barricades, hazard warning lights and symbolic signs. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The hydraulic roof bolter is prepared for operations according to specified requirements in terms of the positioning, leveling and stabilizing of equipment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst preparing to drill holes and install support, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Selection, examination and transportation of tools, material and equipment.
  • Pre-use inspection.
  • Area examination.
  • Precautions to prevent unauthorized entry.
  • Preparation of equipment.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Drill holes and install support. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Holes are drilled and support is installed according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Specified requirements must include:
  • Manipulation of controls.
  • Lifting and extending of boom.
  • Position and depth of hole.
  • Capsule (resin) loading.
  • Body position.
  • Precautions taken to prevent injuries and property damage.
  • Dust control.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are used according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Work related hazards are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Work-related hazards must include those relating to:
  • Working in the proximity of moving machinery.
  • Pedestrians and other workers.
  • Working in proximity of cables and pipes.
  • Hydraulic pressure.
  • Roadway conditions.
  • Access control.
  • Electrocution.
  • Material handling.
  • Chemicals.
  • Lock out procedure.
  • Confined spaces.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements and promotes effective teamwork. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst preparing to drill holes and install support, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Drilling of holes.
  • Use of tools and equipment.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform post-drilling and installation activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools and equipment are prepared and stored for subsequent use and those defective are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Reports are completed and submitted according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst performing post-drilling and installation activities is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Preparation and storage of tools and equipment for subsequent use.
  • Completion and submission of reports.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:

    Risks associated with workplace hazards relating to:
  • Support conditions.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Misfires in rocks.
  • Environmental conditions e.g. heat, gases, dust, excessive water, visibility and ventilation flow.

    Risks associated with work related hazards relating to:
  • Working in proximity of moving machinery.
  • Pedestrians and other workers.
  • Working in proximity of cables and pipes.
  • Hydraulic pressure.
  • Roadway conditions.
  • Access control.
  • Electrocution.
  • Material handling.
  • Chemicals.
  • Lock-out procedure.
  • Confined spaces.

    Basic principles of operation:
  • Monitoring of instruments, gauges and safety systems.
  • Brake testing.
  • Manipulation of controls.

    Processes and events:
  • Preparation e.g. pre-use inspection, workplace examination and prevention of unauthorized entry.
  • Drill holes and install support.

    Occupational safety, occupational health and environment:
  • Hazards and risks encountered.
  • Safety systems and occupational health protection.
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Environmental protection and pollution controls.
  • Emergency procedures.
  • Use of tools, material and equipment.

    Applicable statutory requirements for a hydraulic roof bolter:
  • Applicable Acts and Regulations.
  • Codes of Practice.
  • Operator competency requirements.

    Communication requirements:
  • Reporting.
  • Liaison with associated operators.
  • Interpreting and implementing instructions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to handle conflict situations and apply problem solving techniques. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to place personnel effectively and the ability to apply methods of improving work performance. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
  • Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and occupational health of others.
  • Note: The learner demonstrates an understanding of and ability to use advanced mining technology in terms of production, safety and communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Note: The ability of the learner to identify and understand how his/her correct or incorrect following of the drilling and installation process influence the broader process of mining. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified Requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant Standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives.

    Site Specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications of 1993.

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the learner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Unit Standard Justification:

    Level:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; Level 2; The skills required have some variety but are still fairly simple.
  • Procedures; Level 2; Although the procedure is known and familiar (as level 1) it is not as repetitive.
  • Context; Level 2; Routine and familiar.
  • Knowledge; Level 3; Relevant theoretical knowledge is required to be fully competent.
  • Information processing; Level 3; Interpretation as opposed to basic processing is required.
  • Problem Solving; Level 2; The learner will only have to apply given solution to known/familiar problems.
  • Orientation of activities; Level 3; Directed, with some autonomy.
  • Application of responsibility; Level 3; Learner's output is quality checked.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level 3; Significant responsibility for the quantity and quality of output, and possible responsibility for the output of others.

    Average Level: 23/9 = 2.55.
    Actual Level Assigned: 3.

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity; Hours:
  • Classroom Teaching; 16 Hours.
  • On-The-Job Training; 30 Hours.
  • Mentoring required; 0 Hours.
  • Other (Specify); 0 Hours.
  • Total; 46 Hours.

    Credits Achieved: 46/10 = 4.6.
    Actual Credits Assigned: 5. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  58739   National Certificate: Mining Operations for Underground Hard Rock  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  58760   National Certificate: Rock Breaking Underground Hard Rock  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AFROPEAN DIAMONDS PTY LTD T/A FINSCH DIAMOND MINE 
    2. ALLOYS HEAD OFFICE 
    3. Anglo American Platinum Amendelbult Concentrators 
    4. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    5. BAFOKENG RASIMONE MANAGEMENT SERVICES PTY LTD 
    6. BANA BA THARI MINING TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    7. BARBERTON MINES (PTY) LTD 
    8. BOKONI PLATINUM MINES (PTY) LTD 
    9. BOOYSENDAL PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    10. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE (PTY) LTD 
    11. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    12. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE PTY LTD 
    13. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    14. DWARSRIVER CHROME MINE (PTY) LTD 
    15. EASTERN CHROME MINES 
    16. EASTERN CROME MINES SAMANCOR 
    17. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    18. GLENCORE OPERATIONS SOUTH AFRICA (PTY) LTD 
    19. HARMONY GOLD MINING CO LTD 
    20. IMPALA PLATINUM SERVICES LTD 
    21. KHUTALA MINING SERVICES PL 
    22. KLOOF DIVISION 
    23. LICENCE WISE TRAINING SPECIALISTS 
    24. MANCAS CONSULTINGS CC 
    25. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    26. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE(PTY) LTD 
    27. MODIKWA MINING PERSONNEL SERVICES PTY L TD 
    28. MURRAY & ROBERTS CEMENTATION (PTY)LTD 
    29. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    30. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    31. PRISMA TRAINING SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    32. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    33. SAMANCOR CHROME LTD 
    34. SASOL GLOBAL LEARNING 
    35. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    36. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    37. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    38. SMC MINING AND DRILLING TRAININGACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    39. TAU LEKOA GOLD MINING COMPANY (PTY) LTD 
    40. TRAIN THE NATION AND ASSOCIATES (PTY) LTD 
    41. TWO RIVERS PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    42. WESTERN CHROME MINES 
    43. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    44. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES CC 
    45. ZAAIMAN EXPLORATION DRILLING (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.