SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Identify and deal with rock strata conditions pertaining to daily mining operations within an underground-working place 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244486  Identify and deal with rock strata conditions pertaining to daily mining operations within an underground-working place 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
119128  Identify and deal with rock strata conditions pertaining to daily mining operations within an underground-working place  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who have responsibility for identifying and dealing with rock strata conditions pertaining to rock breaking operations within an underground working place.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Demonstrate understanding of rock strata conditions.
  • Prepare to identify and deal with rock strata conditions.
  • Identify and deal with rock strata conditions.
  • Perform post-dealing activities.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard contribute to social and economic transformation and the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector by being able to identify and deal with adverse rock strata conditions as part of the mining process.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of persons responsible for rock breaking operations in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable, competent and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Follow basic occupational health and safety practices underground at NQF Level 2.
  • Support an underground working place by means of stick support at NQF Level 2.
  • Install and remove mechanical props at NQF Level 2.
  • Make safe a workplace by means of barring at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate understanding of rock strata conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The explanation regarding the identification of geological conditions and the influence that these geological conditions have on the rock strata in an underground working place is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Geological conditions must include:
  • Jointing.
  • Faults.
  • Dykes and sills.
  • Key blocks.
  • Bedding planes.
  • Reef rolls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The explanation regarding the identification of mining induced ground conditions and the influence that these mining induced ground conditions have on the rock strata in an underground working place is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mining induced conditions must include:
  • Brows.
  • Bed separation.
  • Rock stresses.
  • Fracturing.
  • Loose rocks.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation regarding mining layouts and the consequences of non-conformance to these mining layouts is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mining layouts must include:
  • Leads and lags.
  • Advanced strike gullies.
  • Headings.
  • Sidings.
  • Face shape.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The significant risks associated with geological and mining induced conditions in an underground working place are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation regarding the supporting of gullies, escape ways, sidings, winch cubbies, tip areas, lay-byes, breakaways, chambers and the consequences of non-conformance is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The explanation how the control of rock strata is influenced by the installation of pre-stressed support is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The explanation regarding the support requirements to accommodate significant changes in sizes of mining excavations is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Support requirements must include:
  • Working place heights related to the diameters for and types of elongate support.
  • Working place heights related to the sizes for pack support.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    The explanation regarding the tendon support specifications to accommodate significant changes in spans of mining excavations is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The explanation regarding the support specifications for geological and mining induced ground conditions is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Geological and mining induced conditions must include:
  • Jointing.
  • Faults.
  • Dykes and sills.
  • Key blocks.
  • Bedding planes.
  • Reef rolls.
  • Brows.
  • Friable ground.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare to identify and deal with rock strata conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The required personal protective equipment is available, in good working order, fit for purpose and used in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The required tools, material and equipment are available in the workplace, fit for purpose and in good working order according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tools, material and equipment are transported, positioned and material and equipment are stacked according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Precautions taken to prevent inadvertent entry of persons and mobile equipment into the area where geological and mining induced ground conditions are encountered and dealt with are according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst preparing to identify and deal with rock strata conditions, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Selection and examination of tools, material and equipment.
  • Transportation and positioning of tools, material and equipment and stacking of material and equipment.
  • Precautions taken to prevent inadvertent entry of persons and mobile equipment.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Identify and deal with rock strata conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The workplace is examined and geological and mining induced ground conditions are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Specified requirements for dealing must include:
  • Demarcation.
  • Method, size and type of support installed.
  • Measures taken to prevent injuries, property damage and time delays.
  • Position of persons.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The tools and equipment are used according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements and promotes effective teamwork. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The consequences to occupational health, safety and production of not adhering to specified requirements when identifying and dealing with rock strata conditions are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Non-adherence to specified requirements must include:
  • Workplace examination and dealing with geological and mining induced ground conditions.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Perform post-dealing activities. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Tools and equipment are prepared and stored for subsequent use and those defective are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Reports are completed and submitted in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The explanation of the consequences to safety, occupational health and production, if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst performing post-dealing activities, is according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Consequences of non-adherence to specified requirements in terms of:
  • Preparation and storage of tools and equipment for subsequent use.
  • Completion and submission of reports.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:

    Causes and effects, implications of:
  • Hazards and risks not dealt with.
  • Sub-standard work practices.
  • Sub-standard use of tools and equipment.

    Procedures and techniques:
  • Hazard identification and treatment procedures.

    Regulations, legislation, agreements, policies, standards:
  • Safety, occupational health and environmental legislation and regulations.
  • Quality policies, standards and agreements.

    Relationships, systems:
  • Interpersonal interaction with team members. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note: The ability of the leraner to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions, assess and take appropriate action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note: The ability and willingness of the leraner to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note: The ability of the leraner to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note: The ability of the leraner to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.

    Note: The learner demonstrates an understanding of and ability to use advanced mining technology in terms of production, safety and communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note: The ability of the leraner to recognise the importance of safely dealing with adverse rock strata conditions and to understand the consequences of not adhering to standards in terms of the safety of all persons working underground. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 119128, "Identify and deal with rock strata conditions pertaining to daily mining operations within an underground-working place", Level 3, 5 credits.

    Terminology:

    Specified requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act no 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act no 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant Standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives.

    Site specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications of 1993.

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the leraner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the leraner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Unit Standard Justification:

    Level:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; Level 3; The skills required have a significant variety and extend beyond the simple range.
  • Procedures; Level 4; The choice procedure becomes more extensive, but choice is known and standard.
  • Context; Level 3; The leraner knows all contexts that the process occurs in but a variety and range of contexts occur.
  • Knowledge; Level 4; Broad knowledge base incorporating some theoretical concepts.
  • Information processing; Level 3; Interpretation of available information.
  • Problem Solving; Level 4; A range of sometimes innovative responses to concrete but often unfamiliar problem, based on informed judgement.
  • Orientation of activities; Level 3; Follows instructions but have some autonomy to make own decisions and give instructions down ward.
  • Application of responsibility; Level 3; Under general supervision quality checking.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level 3; Significant responsibility for the quantity and quality of output, and possible responsibility for the output of others.

    Average Level: 30/9 = 3.3.
    Actual Level Assigned: 3.

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity; Hours:
  • Classroom Teaching; 24 hours.
  • On-The-Job Training; 24 hours.
  • Mentoring required; 0 hours.
  • Other (Specify); 0 hours.

    Total: 48 hours.

    Credits Achieved: 48/10 = 4.8.
    Actual Credits Assigned: 5. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  58760   National Certificate: Rock Breaking Underground Hard Rock  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. AFROPEAN DIAMONDS PTY LTD T/A FINSCH DIAMOND MINE 
    2. ALLOYS HEAD OFFICE 
    3. Anglo American Platinum Amendelbult Concentrators 
    4. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    5. BANA BA THARI MINING TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    6. BOKONI PLATINUM MINES (PTY) LTD 
    7. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    8. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE PTY LTD 
    9. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    10. DWARSRIVER CHROME MINE (PTY) LTD 
    11. EASTERN CHROME MINES 
    12. EASTERN CROME MINES SAMANCOR 
    13. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    14. HARMONY GOLD MINING CO LTD 
    15. IMPALA PLATINUM SERVICES LTD 
    16. KHUTALA MINING SERVICES PL 
    17. MANCAS CONSULTINGS CC 
    18. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    19. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE(PTY) LTD 
    20. MODIKWA MINING PERSONNEL SERVICES PTY L TD 
    21. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    22. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    23. PRISMA TRAINING SOLUTIONS (PTY) LTD 
    24. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    25. SAMANCOR CHROME LTD 
    26. SASOL GLOBAL LEARNING 
    27. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    28. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    29. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    30. TAU LEKOA GOLD MINING COMPANY (PTY) LTD 
    31. TWO RIVERS PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    32. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    33. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES CC 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.