SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of HIV and AIDS, other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Tuberculosis (TB) for counselling purposes 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
252510  Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of HIV and AIDS, other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Tuberculosis (TB) for counselling purposes 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Psychology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 07 - Human and Social Studies General Social Science 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular-Fundamental  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This Unit Standard is intended for people who counsel specifically in the area of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and in different counselling contexts where clients are enabled to go through the process of finding solutions to their concerns. It is intended for learners who are not registered professionals such as qualified psychologist and social workers. It will be useful for counsellors in a variety of counselling contexts including, but not limited to, schools, telephone counselling, Non-Governmental Organisations, Faith Based Organisations, the South African Police Service, Counselling Call Centres, Hospitals, Clinics and Support Agencies, Sports Centres, Education and Training facilities, Government and Health and Social Services facilities. It should develop learners who know their scope of practice, behave ethically in a counselling context, conform to minimum standards and know when to refer a client.

The qualifying learner is capable of:
  • Explaining Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the progression of the disease.
  • Explaining mother to child transmission.
  • Explaining Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and their relationship to HIV and AIDS.
  • Explaining the relationship of Tuberculosis (TB) to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  • Investigating possible treatment options and programmes. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    It is recommended that learners are competent in Communication at NQF Level 3. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The typical scope of this Unit Standard is:
  • The most common dread diseases include cancer, HIV and AIDS, heart disease, diabetes and Tuberculosis (TB). 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the progression of the disease. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The nature of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is explained with reference to the virus and how it infects individuals. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Theories of where and how the virus originated are investigated from printed and oral sources. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The stages in the progression of the disease are explained with reference to the effect on the immune system and the symptoms associated with each stage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The transmission of the virus is explained with reference to infection and re-infection and the relative risk of the different transmission routes. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Transmission routes include blood and body fluids (sharing needles, and needle stick injuries) mother to child and sexual practices.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Ways in which an individual can prevent transmission of the virus are explained with reference to infection and re-infection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Myths about HIV are investigated with reference to transmission, prevention and treatment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Internal and external stigmas and discrimination associated with HIV are identified with reference to inappropriate use of terminology. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Explain mother to child transmission. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different ways in which a mother can infect a child are explained with reference to the probability of infection in each case. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Ways include during pregnancy, childbirth and breast feeding.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Treatments available for prevention of mother to child transmission are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Birth and feeding options are explained as a means of preventing mother to child transmission. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and their relationship to HIV and AIDS. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different STIs are identified with reference to the signs, symptoms and treatment options of each. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Myths associated with STIs are explained with reference to the link to HIV. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The relationship between having an STI and HIV is explained with reference to the probability of HIV infection. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The effects of STIs on the body are explained with examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of notifying relevant present and past partners when an STI is diagnosed is explained with reference to decisions about future behaviour and protecting others from infection. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Explain the relationship of Tuberculosis (TB) to AIDS. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different types and strains of resistance of TB are identified with reference to signs, symptoms, risks and treatment options. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Strains and types include pulmonary, extrapulmonary, multidrug resistant and extremely drug resistant.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The effect of TB on the body is explained with reference to the relationship of TB to HIV. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of adherence to the treatment regimen is explained and an indication is given of the consequence of non-adherence. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Problems of diagnosis are explained with reference to the relationship to HIV. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Investigate possible treatment options and programmes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Treatment and programme options for adults available at each stage in the progress of the HIV in the HIV positive individual are explained with reference to the CD4 cell count and viral load. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Treatment and programme options include conventional and traditional medicine, stress management and lifestyle management.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The function and effect of Anti Retrovirals (ARVs) in the body are explained with reference to the different classes and their impact on the immune system, virus production within the immune system and possible side effects. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Emergency treatments to prevent infection are explained with reference to needle stick injuries, rape and unplanned high risk sex. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Treatment and programme options available for children at each stage in the progress of the HIV are explained with reference to the importance of adherence, supervision and support. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a candidate against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA or ETQA where a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) exists with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    The learner is able to collect, organise and critically evaluate information in investigating myths about HIV and AIDS. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    The learner is able to communicate effectively using visual, mathematics and language skills in explaining issues relating to HIV and AIDS in simply and coherently using appropriate terminology. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation in understanding the relationship between HIV, STIs and TB. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  64389   Further Education and Training Certificate: Corrections Services  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  80646   Further Education and Training Certificate: Beauty and Nail Technology  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SERVICES 
    Elective  67509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  49256   Further Education and Training Certificate: Counselling  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
    Elective  73189   Further Education and Training Certificate: Golfing and Golf Coaching  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  CATHSSETA 
    Elective  80946   National Certificate: Community Development  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  59429   National Certificate: Inclusive Education  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  ETDP SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES WITBANK 
    2. DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES: GOEDEMOED 
    3. DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTIONAL SERVICES: KROONSTAD COLLEGE 
    4. Education, Training And Counselling Cc 
    5. Empirical Training Agency (PTY) Ltd 
    6. G4S CARE AND JUSTICE SERVICES SOUTH AFRICAN PTY LTD 
    7. Gotsec Skills Training 
    8. Kula Institute 
    9. LESEDI EDUCARE ASSOCIATION 
    10. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
    11. Tembe Service Providers 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.