SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Bevel a pipe using a mechanised pipe bevelling machine 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
253574  Bevel a pipe using a mechanised pipe bevelling machine 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Generic Manufacturing, Engineering, Technology 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Learners credited with this unit standard are able to cut and bevel pipe using the oxy-fuel pipe bevelling or lathe-bevelling machines, required in the pipe fitting, fabrication and installation industries.

They are able to take individual responsibilities for a range of quality related tasks which includes the selection and setting up of the bevelling machine to suit the material and the section thickness by:
  • Describe and explain the pipe bevelling process using a pipe bevelling machine.
  • Prepare for the bevelling operation.
  • Cut and bevel pipe to job requirements.
  • Confirm the quality of the completed cut and bevel.
  • Maintain and store tools and equipment.

    The learning outcomes in this unit standard are also able to contribute to the exit level outcomes required for this and any related NQF Level 3 qualifications and may also be used as an individual learning unit where the implied competency is required. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    National Certificate in Level Fitting or Fabrication at NQF Level 2, with an emphasis on hand tools, measuring equipment, engineering materials, oxy-fuel welding and cutting processes or use of the lathe in order to produce a simple component. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    For the purpose of assessment:

    Pipe bevelling machines may include one of the following types:
  • Cold-cutting and bevelling machines (Pneumatic).
  • Oxy-fuel bevelling machines: Saddle (manual or motorised; chain- or belt-fed); or band-type (manual or motorised; chain or belt-fed).
  • Pneumatic or electric clamshell lathe-type bevelling machines and components (centering blocks, feed-nut handles, air shut-off valve, allen wrenches, lock-nut knob assembly, 37.5-bevel cutting tool and facing tool).

    Additional scope of this unit standard:
  • Materials to be bevelled includes but is not limited to any one of the following: low carbon steel, copper, aluminium, cast iron, intermediate alloy steel, carbon moly-steel, low chrome steel, austenitic stainless steel.
  • Visual identification of bevelling defects includes but are not limited to incorrect bevelling speed or feed, angle, burned or burred edges, flame and pressure setting, nozzle or cutting tool height, machine settings of mechanised bevelling machine.
  • Cleaning of cut and bevels includes removal of burrs, scale, spatter, soot and removal of sharp edges.
  • Cleaning tools can include de-burring tools, wire brushes, chipping hammer and chisels.
  • Statutory requirements shall include Safety, Health and Environmental Act and local authority requirements.
  • Work site procedures include but are not limited to written and/or verbal procedures.

    Context:

    Formal, informal learning and RPL can obtain this unit standard done under limited supervision.

    Level (for Level 3):

    A learning programme leading to the award of this unit standard should develop learners who demonstrate:
  • A range of well-developed skills.
  • An ability to offer a significant choice of procedures.
  • Some relevant theoretical knowledge.
  • An ability to interpret available information.
  • An ability to respond to familiar problems.
  • An ability to function with significant responsibility. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe and explain the pipe bevelling process using a pipe bevelling machine. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Pipe bevelling processes may be oxy-fuel and lathe-type processes. Upon assessment, learners are only required to demonstrate competency in one type of bevelling process. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
  • The importance of the correct setting of bevelling pressures, and the consequences of incorrect settings, is explained with reference to the pipe wall thickness, size of bevelling nozzles and the effect of travelling speed during the bevelling process.
  • The importance of the correct setting up of the bevelling machine, and the consequences of incorrect adjustments are explained with reference to the pipe wall thickness, size of bevelling cutters and the effect of the feed during the bevelling process. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The basic and major components of the pipe bevelling device and equipment, is identified and the explanation of the function and purpose is correct in terms of manufacturers' standards and specifications. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pipe bevelling devices are to include related accessories.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Bevelling characteristics of materials are correctly identified and the implications for unsafe conditions are accurately described. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Terms and definitions used are consistent with generally accepted bevelling terminology as recorded in bevelling standards. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for the bevelling operation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Reviewing manufacturers' documentation and work instructions to determine the scope and precise nature of preparing for pipe bevelling. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Resources are adequate for the task, available on site by the agreed time, and checked for serviceability in accordance with worksite practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Resources:
  • Lifting equipment as per job requirements and worksite practices.

    Where applicable:
  • fuel gas type may be acetylene or LP gas.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Pre-operational checks are carried out according to manufacturers' operational manuals and worksite practices and procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Bevelling nozzle or cutting tool is selected in relation to the wall thickness, required bevel angle and pipe material (or fuel gas to be used). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
  • Oxy-fuel bevelling machines: Gas pressures are set according to wall thickness of pipe.
  • Lathe-type bevelling machine, centring blocks, feed nuts, bevel and/or facing tool is set up. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Bevelling machine or cutting feed/speed is controlled in relation to wall thickness of pipe. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Unsafe or defective equipment is identified and reported. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Cut and bevel pipe to job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Bevelling of pipe is carried out in accordance with work instruction sheet and drawing requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    End product is inspected to conform to dimensions as indicated on drawing or job requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Optimum utilization of material is used to minimize wastage. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    End product conforms to job requirements and drawing specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Confirm the quality of the completed cut and bevel. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Causes of bevelling imperfections are identified and rectified as per worksite practices. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Internal and external surface condition, material defects, work support, device stability, fitment accessories, bevelling parameters, material wastage.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Cut and bevels are assessed by visual inspection in terms of quality assurance procedures work instructions and drawings. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    May include cut and bevel face roughness, rounded top edge condition and slag adherence.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Maintain and care for tools and equipment. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Tools and equipment include absorbent material, hand tools and cleaning equipment, fluids, lifting equipment and tackle. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The proper care and storage procedure for tools and equipment are explained, in accordance with work site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Work area is restored to a safe and serviceable condition. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Tools, equipment, lifting equipment and tackle are stored in accordance with work-site practices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Malfunctioning tools and equipment is reported and the necessary arrangements for the repair thereof is made according to accepted worksite practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Completion of bevelling task is confirmed and verified.
  • Visual plant care inspection is carried out to work-site procedures.
  • Machine performance is confirmed to meet operational requirements.
  • Work is carried out in a safe manner in accordance with schedules and manufacturer specifications.
  • Problems are reported to appropriate personnel.
  • A clean and tidy work environment is maintained.
  • No delays are caused as a result of poor planning for performing bevelling procedure.
  • System and equipment condition report is accurate, clear and processed.
  • Applicable health, safety and environmental procedures are adhered to.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this Unit Standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this Unit Standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Quality control system and standards.
  • Pipe bevelling processes and various machine types.
  • Specific work site safety practices and use of personal protective equipment.
  • Use of task related lifting equipment.
  • Demarcation of work area.
  • Detection of visible bevelling defects/abnormalities and corrective action to be taken.
  • Identification, location and functions of devices and accessories, components and pipe material.
  • Pre-operational checks on equipment.
  • Units of measurement.
  • Methods of securing material.
  • Verify the use of the selected task related bevelling consumables and equipment.
  • Characteristics of materials and gasses.
  • Trouble shooting during machine operation and the rectification thereof. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problem related to the setting up of the bevelling machine and ensuring the correct bevelling operation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work with others (communication between team members). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organize and manage one self (plan, select and organize tasks, reflected in specific outcome). 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology looking after the environment and health to others when using bevelling equipment. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand the world as a set of related systems (understanding the implications of incorrect bevelling preparations with reference to bevelling defects). 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
  • Pipe bevelling machines are placed within two categories, namely oxy-fuel bevelling (bevelling), and lathe-bevelling (bevelling) types.
  • The competencies required within this unit standard, bridge both types and for this purpose, allow for the assessment context of either type.

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following general principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.

    All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: Appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Recognition of Prior Learning:

    Credits may be obtained by applying to an accredited/approved training provider/institution in order to have prior learning recognised in lieu of past work experience. Past experience must relate to the specific outcomes contained within this unit standard. The ensuing assessment of candidates seeking recognition of prior learning should not be so onerous as to deter them from doing so. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  59750   National Certificate: Mechanical Engineering: Pipe-Fitting  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Belique Training Centre cc (ALBERTON) (TP) 
    2. GIJIMA HOLDINGS PTY LTD 
    3. Jericho Safety Consultants (Pty) Ltd (TP) 
    4. S & S Training & Construction (SPRINGS) (TP) 
    5. Wilbat Projects 148 (Pty) Ltd (ISIPINGO) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.