SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Demonstrate knowledge of the developmental approach to therapeutic work with children and youth at risk 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
254174  Demonstrate knowledge of the developmental approach to therapeutic work with children and youth at risk 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Child and Youth Care Work 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 09 - Health Sciences and Social Services Promotive Health and Developmental Services 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 4  NQF Level 04 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
117183  Demonstrate knowledge of the developmental approach to therapeutic work with children and youth at risk  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful for people learning about the field and working towards a professional qualification as a child and youth care worker.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Describe and explain the underlying philosophy of a developmental perspective to therapeutic work with young persons at risk.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the essential approach to learning in the developmental approach to therapeutic work with young persons at risk.
  • Describe and explain the developmental approach to therapeutic work within a mutli-disciplinary team context. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communications at NQF Level 3 or equivalent competence.
  • Competence equivalent to that in the unit standard: SAQA ID 254181: ''Demonstrate a basic understanding of the fundamentals of child and youth care work". 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe and explain the underlying philosophy of a developmental perspective to therapeutic work with young persons at risk. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Elements of a developmental approach includes:
  • Strengths based work; working in the moment; life space work; holism; trial and error learning; understanding context. 

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The developmental and pathology-based perspectives are differentiated in terms of key features and departure points. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pathology-based includes:
  • Identification of 'disorders', labelling and categorisation of these; focus on deficit rather than strengths; emphasises the role of professionals as 'expert' (doing "for or to" rather than "with"); focuses on 'cure'.

    Developmental includes:
  • Identification of strengths and use of these in development of the young person; acknowledgement of the young person as expert on self (empowering); promotes participation (doing 'with' rather than 'for or to'); believes in the potential of the young person; understands resilience and coping skills and uses these as strengths; adopts an holistic approach; employs multi-disciplinary team approach; uses reframing of situations; views the young person in context (ecological perspective).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The concept of strengths is explained with reference to their identification and use in the development of the young person. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Identification:
  • What strengths are; where/how to find them.

    Use:
  • Acknowledging what the young person brings; building on those to develop coping mechanisms; building self by valuing the young person's input.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The importance of the child and youth care worker's participation in the life of the child is explained with reference to the nature of the interaction. The explanation includes specific examples of participation which supports the developmental approach. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Role includes:
  • Identification of strengths; positive reinforcement; reframing of situations; promote participation.

    Nature of interaction:
  • Doing 'with' as opposed to doing 'to or for'.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The importance of working in the moment is described and explained by referring to the significance of critical moments, and appropriate responses to moments, that can be used to the benefit of the young person in reaching developmental goals. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Includes awareness of:
  • Responding in the 'here and now'; using everyday routine and events developmentally and therapeutically; use of critical moments for teaching purposes; awareness of self in whatever event is happening (being present and focused in the moment).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The significance of working in the life space of the child is explained with reference to the significance of the use of everyday events in any context as a valid site of child and youth care work. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Life space includes:
  • Where the child is; the child's own space; in the moment.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the essential approach to learning in the developmental approach to therapeutic work with young persons at risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Facilitating learning within the developmental approach is explained with reference to the importance of competence and the development of mastery in the young person. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The importance of building on strengths in the development of competence is explained with reference to the personal power and capacity of the young person. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Capacity:
  • Improved sense of self; increased confidence in ability to cope; recognition of own worth vs. deficiency.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The role of the child and youth care worker is explained with reference to the creation of conditions for the young person to experience empowerment, and the use of moments to this end. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The importance of trial and error learning is explained with reference to the development of personal competence in dealing with mistakes, learning from reflection, and making choices. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Trial and error learning is described in terms of its role within the relationship between the practitioner and the young person, and importance for unconditional acceptance at the heart of that relationship. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The positive use of crisis moments as trial and error learning experiences is described with reference to possible learning and development opportunities. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Opportunities include:
  • Giving people the courage to try again, to persevere; encouragement of experiential learning.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe and explain the developmental approach to therapeutic work within a multi-disciplinary team context. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The centrality of the team to child and youth care work is explained with reference to the expertise of the practitioners, their roles, and the holistic approach central to child and youth care work. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The roles of child and youth care workers within a multi-disciplinary team are explained and described with reference to other roles and responsibilities within the team. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Role includes:
  • Facilitation (work with others who need to contribute to the development of the young person; coordinating input in the best interests of the young person).
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Boundaries between discipline areas within the team are clearly described and examples provided of referral situations are consistent with accepted practice in the field. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Descriptions of ideal team composition for specific situations include all relevant stakeholders essential for effective developmental work, and are consistent with generally accepted practice. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Team members include:
  • The young person, the family, the child and youth care worker, other relevant practitioners from related fields, authorities from state services (including police and schools) as indicated.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    Accreditation Options:
  • Providers of learning towards this unit standard will need to meet the accreditation requirements of the relevant ETQA or ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA.

    Moderation Option:
  • The moderation requirements of the relevant ETQA or ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding in place with the relevant ETQA must be met in order to award credit to learners for this unit standard. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note: Identifying differences in development, and finding reasons for those differences, is an important part of learning towards this standard. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note: Child and youth care work takes place invariably in teams and much of the practical learning towards this standard will be from others in the field. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note: Self-awareness and self-development are critical skills for child and youth care workers. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note: A critical part of learning based on the different theories. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note: Essential for the theoretical components of study. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note: Essential to an understanding of development theories and what they have to say about young people at risk. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 117183, "Demonstrate knowledge of the developmental approach to therapeutic work with children and youth at risk", Level 4, 7 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  60209   Further Education and Training Certificate: Child and Youth Care Work  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  HW SETA 
    Elective  67509   Further Education and Training Certificate: Community Development  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 
    Elective  80946   National Certificate: Community Development  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2021-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Elective Training Institute Enterprise CC 
    2. Gotsec Skills Training 
    3. Heartbeat Centre for Community Development t/a Heartbeat 
    4. LESEDI EDUCARE ASSOCIATION 
    5. Loago Business Consulting 
    6. Lusa Community Chest 
    7. Lusa Social Entrepreneurship Institute 
    8. MENTORNET (PTY) LTD 
    9. Petra institute of Development (PTY) Ltd 
    10. Retshetse Training Project 
    11. SERITI INSTITUTE 
    12. Siyashesha Leadership Incubator 
    13. SPS Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Tembe Service Providers 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.