SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Determine field and climb performance 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263084  Determine field and climb performance 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Aerospace Operations 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 10 - Physical, Mathematical, Computer and Life Sciences Physical Sciences 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 6  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L6  40 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The person credited with this Unit Standard is able to interpret ICAO type A drawings to determine the take off climb gradients as well as selecting the flap setting to optimise the climb gradient. Learners will be able to:
  • Identify and apply the thrust levels of aircraft. Calculate the approach and landing climb performance. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Learners accessing this qualification will be assumed competent in:
  • Communication at NQF Level 5 or equivalent.
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 5 or equivalent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    N/A 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Establish field length performance limits. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    ICAO Type A survey drawings are interpreted in accordance with Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Determine take off distance (TODA) available and accelerate stop distance available according to drawing interpretation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Take off distance (TODA) is adjusted in order to take into account various influences on the performances of the aircraft. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Influences include the effect of runway slope, wind component, braking configuration, brakes de-activation, runway friction coefficient and allowance for aircraft line-up on runway.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Amount of clearway used is defined and applied to TODA in order to optimise field length and obstacle clearance performance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Amount of clearway used decided by obstacle gradient used, runway sterilisation applied and AFM limits.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Amount of stopway used is defined and applied to TODA in order to optimise field length performance. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Amount of stopway used decided by AFM limits.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Corrected runway length and V1/VR ratio are chosen in order to determine field length limit weight. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    Field length limit weight is analysed by taking into account applicable parameters. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Applicable parameters includes corrected runway length, hot/cold thrust charts, flap setting, effective thrust, effective lift co-efficient, rate of acceleration, rate of deceleration.
     

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Optimise take off climb performance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Take-off climb gradients are derived in order to optimise take-off climb limit weights. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Take-off climb gradients include second, third, fourth and extended second segment.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Take-off climb gradients are checked for legal compliance in terms of legislation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Maximum and minimum level of height is checked for obstacle clearance and clean up distance. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Flap setting is selected to optimise climb gradient capability and flight path distances. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Improved climb is used to improve second segment climb capability. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Calculate and produce thrust setting tables. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Impact of pressure altitude and outside air temperature (OAT) on relevant engine performance parameters is calculated according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Thrust levels are identified and applied according to manufacturer's specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Settings are calculated within the limits specified in manufacturer's documentation. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Limits includes but is not limited to case pressure, turbine inlet temperature, exhaust gas temperature, engine temperature, engine speed limits, air conditioning configuration and anti ice system operation.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Limits of applicability of settings are determined according to constraints of engine certification as per manufacturer's specifications. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Ascertain missed approach climb performance. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Missed approach climb performance must calculated for the current pressure altitude and prevailing atmospheric conditions. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The differences between approach climb and landing climb are analysed in terms of gradients to be applied considering different aircraft configurations defined in the regulations. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Approach and landing climb performance is calculated according to the AFM. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Calculations must include in-flight ice, leading edge ice, flap setting, thrust setting and number of engines operating as applicable.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The calculations are analysed and compared in order to determine the most restrictive climb performance to comply with regulations. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA's policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • How to read ICAO type A drawings.
  • How to determine take off distance available (TODA).
  • How to determine take off climb gradients.
  • The impact of pressure altitude and outside air temperature on relevant engine performance.
  • The differences between approach and landing climb. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems which will occur during the process of determining field and climb performance. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others in order to obtain all the required information to determine field and climb performance. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one's activities in such a way so as to have all the required information at hand as and when required. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information pertaining to the field and climb performance of an aircraft. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology to assist in determining field and climb performance. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems where inaccurate calculations can have a negative impact on the safety of an aircraft. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Glossary of terms:
  • V1 is engine failure decision speed.
  • V2 is minimum safe climb speed.
  • Vr is minimum rotation speed.
  • Vmu is minimum un-stick speed.
  • Vmca is minimum control speed air (one or two engines failed).
  • Vs is aircraft stall speed.
  • Vmcg is minimum control speed ground.
  • Vmbe is maximum speed brake energy. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  66109   National Diploma: Aircraft Performance Engineering  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2016-12-31  TETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.