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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Describe kiln types, construction materials for kilns, and auxiliary equipment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
263757  Describe kiln types, construction materials for kilns, and auxiliary equipment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Forestry 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Forestry and Wood Technology 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 2  NQF Level 02 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard reflects the skills, values and knowledge required by people in the sub-field of Forestry and/or wood technology who must be able to describe kiln types, construction materials for kilns, and auxiliary equipment.

People credited with this Unit Standard are able to:
  • Identify and describe basic kiln types.
  • List the structural materials that can be used for kiln construction.
  • Explain the standard methods of loading a lumber drying kiln.
  • Describe the auxiliary equipment necessary for operating a lumber drying kiln. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    A Learner who wishes to enter a learning programme for this Unit Standard must be able to demonstrate:
  • Communication and Mathematical Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 1 or equivalent.
  • Lumber drying knowledge and skills equivalent to NQF Level 1 requirements.
  • Knowledge of workplace procedures, safety and health measures and environmental management principles in the lumber drying area relevant to NQF Level 1 requirements. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
  • The typical scope of this unit standard is given in the "Range" of each specific outcome.
  • The typical context of this unit standard relates to the training of a learner at NQF Level 2 in the activity of Lumber Drying.
  • The level assigned to this Unit Standard, i.e. NQF Level 1, is appropriate because:
    > For foundational competence the learner has to demonstrate basic comprehension and employ a narrow range of skills.
    > For practical competence the learner has to show basic competence in a limited range of established and familiar contexts under general super vision and quality control.
    > For reflexive competence the learner has to demonstrate the ability to handle some limited responsibility for quantity and quality of own output. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Describe the basic kiln types commonly in use, and how they function. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Compartment kilns, progressive kilns. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Commonly used kiln types are described as used in the industry. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Properties of each are mentioned. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe the construction materials used to build kilns for lumber drying, and their respective advantages and disadvantages. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Clay brick, concrete block, aluminium and steel, wood/board products. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Material with which the kilns are built is described using the correct lumber drying terminology. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Structural materials that used to build lumber drying kilns are mentioned. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Effect of material type used on the performance of kilns is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Advantages and disadvantages of the materials used are described. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Explain the standard methods that could be used to load kilns. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Trolleys on rails, load on plenum basis; end loading, side loading; loads going in end-wise, loads going in side-wise. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Different methods to load a lumber drying kiln are identified. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Differences in loading methods to a lumber drying kiln are explained. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe the auxiliary equipment necessary, and its functioning, for air circulation, heat supply, humidification and kiln controls. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The term auxiliary equipment in the kiln is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Auxiliary equipment in the kiln is listed. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The function of each equipment is explained in terms of its role in the kiln. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • An assessor, accredited with a relevant NQF Level 4 or higher qualification, will assess the learner`s competency. Only an Assessor with suitable first hand experience in process operations will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Anyone assessing a learner or moderating the assessment of a learner against the qualification must be registered as an assessor with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable the achievement of this qualification must be accredited as a provider with the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or with an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA.
  • Assessment and moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant Education, Training, Quality, Assurance (ETQA) Body, or by an ETQA that has a Memorandum of Understanding with the relevant ETQA, according to the ETQA`s policies and guidelines for assessment and moderation.
  • Moderation must include both internal and external moderation of assessments, unless ETQA policies specify otherwise. Moderation should also encompass achievement of the competence described in the associated unit standards.
  • Anyone wishing to be assessed against this qualification may apply to be assessed by any assessment agency, assessor or provider institution that is accredited by the relevant ETQA. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Learners can understand and explain, and apply where relevant:
  • Workplace procedures, safety and health measures and environmental management principles relevant to NQF Level 2 activities in lumber drying.
  • Basic knowledge of lumber drying kiln types, construction materials to build kilns, and auxiliary equipment necessary to make kilns work. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  66312   National Certificate: Lumber Milling  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FPMSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    2. VEB CELE & Associates (Pty) Ltd 
    3. York Timbers Pty Ltd 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.