SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply advanced driving skills: defensive driving 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
377201  Apply advanced driving skills: defensive driving 
ORIGINATOR
Task Team - Traffic 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 08 - Law, Military Science and Security Safety in Society 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  NQF Level 05 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard replaces: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
115311  Apply advanced driving skills / techniques in defensive and offensive situations  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is for learners who have to apply advanced defensive driving skills in the execution of their daily tasks.

Learners credited with this unit standard will be able to:
  • Apply knowledge related to vehicle dynamics to reduce driving risk.
  • Demonstrate techniques used to avoid accidents and maintain control.
  • Apply techniques to improve driving skills and maintain safety at all times. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Communication skills at NQF Level 4.
  • Knowledge about traffic regulations.
  • Meet the requirements to obtain a valid driving licence for a motor vehicle. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    This unit standard applies to individuals who are required to perform advanced defensive driving under the following conditions:
  • Variable lighting and visibility conditions.
  • Front or rear wheel driven vehicles.
  • Code B class vehicles.
  • Different road conditions (wet and dry).
  • Different transmission systems. 

  • Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Apply knowledge related to vehicle dynamics to reduce driving risk. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The various pivots are defined and explained according to law of gravity. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pivots refer to:
  • Vertical, Horizontal and Longitudinal.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Centre of gravity is defined according to different vehicle types. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The implications of different vehicles types on driving manoeuvres are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The advantages of using a system of driving principles are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Systems can refer to:
  • Scan, Identify, Predict, Decide and Execute (SIPDE).
  • Attitude, Brake and Clear space (ABC).
  • K53.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The various mechanical systems influencing vehicle driving are defined and explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Mechanical systems refer to:
  • Clutch, Brake, Accelerator, gearbox, steering and shock absorber.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The advantages and disadvantages of airbags, seat belts, braking and stability control systems are identified and explained according to manufactures specifications. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    The techniques of dealing with front and rear run flats are explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    Pavement climbing is explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    The pre-trip inspection points are identified and inspected in accordance with the K53 system. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Pre-Trip inspection refers to:
  • Interior and Exterior inspection of a vehicle.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 10 
    The application of a system of driving principles are demonstrated during a practical driving test. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate techniques used to avoid accidents and maintain control. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Emergency lane-change to avoid an obstacle is demonstrated at an average speed of 60 km/h and an object distance within 50 meters. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Techniques demonstrated in a realistic but safe and controlled simulation/environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Breaking techniques are demonstrated with a vehicle coming to a total standstill within 50m under various conditions. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Techniques demonstrated in a realistic but safe and controlled simulations/environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Breaking techniques refer to:
    > Cadence/pulse breaking.
    > Threshold braking also known as limit braking.
  • Various conditions refer to:
    > Wet/gravel surface driving at 60km/h.
    > Dry surface driving at 100km/h.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Steering and braking control is demonstrated during conditions of reduced visibility. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Skid control is demonstrated by identifying and applying the correcting sequence/techniques to regain control on different road surfaces. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION NOTES 
    Techniques demonstrated in a realistic but safe and controlled simulations/environment. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
  • Skids control refer to:
    > Over steer and Under steer with front wheel and rear wheel driven vehicles.
  • Road surfaces include:
    > Dry and wet tarmac or concrete.
    > Gravel surface.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Apply techniques to improve driving skills and maintain safety at all times. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Negotiating of bends is demonstrated and executed by safely applying the knowledge and techniques related to vehicle dynamics and mechanics. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Techniques refer to:
  • Entering bends.
  • Exit bends.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The advantages and disadvantages of apex driving are identified and explained. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Apex driving is demonstrated and executed with safety. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Apex situation refer to:
  • Blind apex situation.
  • Open apex situation.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Candidates are assessed against these assessment criteria. An assessor will use suitable assessment methods to assess the candidates in accordance with the principles of assessment.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures.

    The standard describes competent performance in doing physical techniques that will enhance their job performance, and lay down the criteria by which competence should be judged, as well as the range of circumstances in which competence should be demonstrated. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • A comprehensive understanding of the relevant legislation, and procedures and practices.
  • A broad understanding of advanced defensive driving skills and techniques.
  • A comprehensive understanding of the need for advanced defensive driving skills and techniques.
  • A basic understanding of the ways and methods for the application of advanced driving skills/techniques in defensive situations. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in a critical and creative way when applying advanced defensive driving skills, under controlled circumstances, making a sound judgement of any given situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team in applying the advanced defensive driving skills, under controlled circumstances, making a sound judgement of any given situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organize and manage oneself and one's personal activities responsibly and effectively. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information relevant in applying advanced defensive driving skills, making a sound judgement of any given situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Understand and how the application of advanced defensive driving skills can impact on one's own safety as well as that of other road users. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard replaces unit standard 115311, "Apply advanced driving skills/techniques in defensive and offensive situations", Level 5, 9 credits. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  50285   National Certificate: Professional Driving  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  TETA 
    Elective  62289   Further Education and Training Certificate: Road Traffic Law Enforcement  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  57713   Further Education and Training Certificate: Specialist Security Practices  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  58696   National Certificate: Close Protection  Level 5  Level TBA: Pre-2009 was L5  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  80046   National Certificate: Tactical Road Traffic Operations  Level 5  NQF Level 05  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 
    Elective  61729   National Diploma: Policing  Level 6  NQF Level 06  Reregistered  2023-06-30  SAS SETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Africa Training Centre 
    2. Baobab Corporate Meets Lifestyle CC 
    3. Dee's Training (PTY) LTD 
    4. Dees Driver Training Centre 
    5. Driving Sense 
    6. GEROTEK TEST FACILITIES 
    7. He and She Driver Training Centre 
    8. Innovative Shared Services 
    9. Josmap Training Institute 
    10. Kitta Transport Training Academy 
    11. KWAZULU NATAL TRAFFIC TRAINING COLLEGE 
    12. Mangaung Traffic Training College 
    13. Mpofu Engineering Projects 
    14. Nowethu Learning Institute cc 
    15. PASE ADVANCED TRAINING CONCEPT PTY LTD 
    16. Phephani Learnerships cc 
    17. Staffing Logistics 
    18. Tshwane Leadership & Management Academy/Tshwane Metro Police 
    19. UKWAKHILE TRAINING 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.