SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Perform forecasting in a manufacturing environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
377382  Perform forecasting in a manufacturing environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Manufacturing and Assembly Processes 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 5  NQF Level 05 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard is required by people working in the manufacturing environment and who need to know about and be able to use qualitative and quantitative forecasting techniques and models.
Learners credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Discuss forecasting.
  • Describe qualitative forecasting techniques.
  • Describe and apply quantitative forecasting techniques.
  • Describe and apply quantitative forecasting models.
  • Explain the role of tracking forecast error. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
  • Mathematical Literacy at NQF Level 2.
  • Communication at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular outcomes or assessments. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Discuss forecasting. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Give examples from a manufacturing environment. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Forecasting is described taking into consideration the manufacturing and operations management environments. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Forecasting includes but id not limited to forecast interval, forecast horizon.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The reasons for performing forecasting are discussed using given data. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Reasons include but are not limited to independent demand, dependant demand.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The purpose of forecasting is explained in line with Operations Management Body of Knowledge (OMBOK). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The value of forecasting is explained using given examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The importance of accuracy in forecasting is discussed using given data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    Limitations of forecasting are discussed using given data. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Describe qualitative forecasting techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Qualitative forecasting techniques are defined in line with Operations Management Body of Knowledge (OMBOK). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The differences between guessing, expert opinion and projection are explored according to their uses. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The purpose of qualitative forecasting techniques is discussed using given examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Positive and negative implications of qualitative forecasting techniques are explained using examples. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Describe and apply quantitative forecasting techniques. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    Quantitative forecasting techniques are defined and discussed with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Techniques include but are not limited to judgmental forecast, time series forecast, causal forecasting.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Quantitative forecasting is expressed in terms of extrinsic and intrinsic forecasting using examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The purposes of quantitative forecasting are discussed in line with Operations Management Body of Knowledge (OMBOK). 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Forecasting techniques are applied as per requirement. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The life cycle of a product and its application in forecasting are described using given data. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Describe and apply quantitative forecasting models. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    A number of quantitative forecasting models are explained with examples. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Models include but are not limited to time series pattern, horizontal pattern.
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Different trends are described using examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Seasonality and cyclicality are described using given data. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Formulae are discussed with examples from the workplace. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Quantitative forecasting models are used as per requirements. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
    Explain the role of tracking forecast error. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The importance of forecasting in terms of customer service is explained according to procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Forecast error is defined and explained using examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The term "back order" is defined and explained using examples. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The notion of "absolute difference" is described, explained and calculated according to procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Biasness in calculations is explained with examples. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
  • Planning of operations.
  • Forecasting techniques.
  • Forecasting models.
  • Forecast error. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking when differentiating between qualitative and quantitative forecasting techniques and using them appropriately. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organization or community to forecast of demand and supply. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively when performing forecasting using the various techniques and models. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information to use a particular forecasting technique. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically in the day-to-day forecasting activities. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  57712   Further Education and Training Certificate: Generic Management  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Reregistered  2023-06-30  As per Learning Programmes recorded against this Qual 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. College of Production Technology 
    2. OPTIMUM LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD 
    3. Procurement & Supply Management College cc (ROBERTSHAM) (TP) 
    4. SANDVIK MINING & CONSTRUCTION RSA (PTY) LTD 
    5. Spilamart cc T/A 1st Safety & Training (SABIE) (TP) 
    6. Wide Horizon Advanced Training (PORT ELIZABETH) (TP) 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.