SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Evaluate the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content as indicated by the Toluene Distillation Method 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
9156  Evaluate the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content as indicated by the Toluene Distillation Method 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Food 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2004-10-13  2006-04-20  SAQA 0556/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2007-04-20   2010-04-20  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
123275  Evaluate the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content, as indicated by the Toluene distillation method  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Complete 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
A person credited with this unit standard is able to:
  • demonstrate knowledge of determining the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation,
  • prepare for toluene distillation on a dairy powder,
  • determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation,
  • report on the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content.

    This unit standard is for anyone who works in a dairy facility and needs to determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation under laboratory conditions.

    This unit will contribute to the full development of the learner within the dairy manufacturing environment by providing recognition, further mobility and transportability within the field of manufacturing and assembly. The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and upliftment within the dairy manufacturing and processing environment. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    Description of required skills:
    Knowledge of basic physics and chemistry principles NQF 1. 

    UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    The scope of this unit standard is for anyone who has to determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation under laboratory conditions.

    The context of this unit standard includes whey powder, milk powder, buttermilk powder and cheese powder.

    The level assigned to this unit standard is appropriate because the process requires a range of well-developed skills and offers a significant choice of procedures. Some relevant theoretical knowledge, interpretation of available information, discretion and judgement, as well as a range of known responses to familiar problems are employed. The application of this unit standard is to qualify the person for certification in skilled occupations and sub-trades. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate knowledge of determining the moisture content of a dairy powder. 
    OUTCOME NOTES 
    Demonstrate knowledge of determining the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The importance of toluene distillation as a quality assurance test on dairy powders is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The purpose of determining the moisture content of a dairy powder is explained according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The explanation highlights:
  • The effects of manufacturing a dairy powder with moisture content outside the desirable range on the process and on the final diluted product quality,
  • The financial implications of the above.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The principles of the toluene distillation method as a quality test are described according to standard dairy principles. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The description includes the purpose of:
  • Distillation equipment, including its principles of working,
  • Electric heater,
  • Toluene.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for toluene distillation on a dairy powder. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Preparation of equipment and personal preparation is done according to standard operating procedures. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Preparations include:
  • Hygienic practices,
  • Wearing of protective clothing and safety gear.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The sample is marked and maintained in such a way that it meets the requirements for the toluene distillation test. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. Equipment and reagents for the test are prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The sample is prepared according to standard operating procedures. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation. 
    OUTCOME RANGE 
    Two (2) samples must be analysed in duplicate. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Toluene distillation is performed on each sample according to standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. Equipment and reagents are handled according to standard operating procedures and safety requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The moisture content of each sample is established without error. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Evaluations are carried out in the designated area and according to site schedules, instructions and standard operating procedures. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The purpose of working in line with site schedules is explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. Samples are evaluated safely, and with the most economic use of time. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 7 
    7. The equipment is left clean and ready for re-use in the designated area. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 8 
    8. The work area is left in a safe and clean condition. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 9 
    9. Problems are solved within scope of work. 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
    Report on the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. Results are recorded according to site-specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The specifications for the moisture content of the dairy powder are identified according to site-specific standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The results of the test are interpreted and a conclusion is drawn on the quality of the dairy powder in terms of its moisture content in relation to site-specific standards. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. Deviations from the specifications for the moisture content are explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The potential implications of recording inaccurately are explained according to standard dairy principles. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    6. The purpose of accurate documentation is explained according to standard dairy and legislation principles. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Internal moderation.
  • External moderation.
  • An assessor, accredited by the relevant ETQA, will assess the learner`s competency.
  • Assessment procedures will be supplied by the ETQA in alignment with NSB requirements.
  • All assessment activities must be fair, so that all candidates have equal opportunities. Activities must be free of gender, ethnic or other bias.
  • Assessment and moderation procedures, activities and tools must be transparent, affordable and support development within the field, sub-field and NQF.
  • Questions and answers to determine theoretical knowledge are expected.
  • Examination of an assessment portfolio.
  • Reporting skills are demonstrated by effective communication, using verbal (language) and/or writing skills.
  • Direct observation in simulated or actual work conditions.
  • Practical demonstration of determining the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation. Two (2) samples must be analysed in duplicate. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Embedded knowledge is reflected within the assessment criteria of each specific outcome. 

    UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems in which response displays that responsible decisions, using critical and creative thinking, have been made by:
  • Identifying and solving problems within scope of work.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as a member of a team, group, organisation or community by:
  • Working in line with site-schedules.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage oneself and one`s activities responsibly and effectively by:
  • Preparing for moisture determination.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Prepare for toluene distillation on a dairy powder. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information by:
  • Performing the toluene distillation method and evaluating the results.

    Evident in the following specific outcomes:
  • Determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation.
  • Report on the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively by using mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations by:
  • Keeping records.

    Evident in the following specific outcome:
  • Report on the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically, showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others by:
  • Performing the toluene distillation method safely.

    Evident in the following specifc outcome:
  • Determine the moisture content of a dairy powder by means of toluene distillation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Contribute to the full personal development of each learner and the social and economic development of the society at large.

    Evident in all specific outcomes 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard will be replaced by unit standard 123275, ''Evaluate the quality of a dairy powder in terms of its moisture content as indicated by the Toluene distillation method'', level 3, 5 credits.

    1. Legal requirements:

    The following acts and/or codes, current and future regulations and amendments will be applicable:
  • Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act, No. 54 of 1972,
  • Health Act, No 63 of 1977,
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, No. 85 of 1993,
  • SABS Food Hygiene Management Code 49: 1989.

    2. Definition of terms within this unit standard:

    Terminology and clarification/ explanation/ definition.

    Dairy powder:
    Refers to whey powder, milk powder, buttermilk powder and cheese powder.

    Standard operating procedures:
    Refer to company procedures, prescribed procedures from the manufacturer, personal and food safety procedures, good manufacturing practices, best practices, applicable legislation, time frames, recipes and specifications. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  20212   National Certificate: Food Laboratory Practices: Dairy Laboratory Analyst  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Reregistered  2023-06-30  FOODBEV 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    NONE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.