SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Apply basic agricultural enterprise selection principles 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116158  Apply basic agricultural enterprise selection principles 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners will be able to demonstrate an understanding the basic principles of enterprise selection. In addition they will be well positioned to extend their learning and practice into crop production and animal production systems.

This training will benefit the profession by equipping learners with adequate skills to have input into enterprise selection and production to improve productivity and performance.

Learners will understand the importance of the application of business principles in agricultural production with specific reference to enterprise planning.

They will be able to operate farming practices as businesses and will gain the knowledge and skills to move from a subsistence orientation to an economic orientation in agriculture. Farmers will gain the knowledge and skills to access mainstream agriculture through a business-orientated approach to agriculture. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
No learning assumed to be in place. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Whilst range statements have been defined generically to include as wide a set of alternatives as possible, all range statements should be interpreted within the specific context of application.

Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Name natural resources required for the selection of the relevant enterprise. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Natural resources include soil, water, climate, vegetation and topography. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Soils are examined and suitability for cultivation is assessed. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Water sources are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Climatic conditions are identified and described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Basic vegetation types are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
The topography of the site is recognised and described. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Describe infrastructure requirements for the selection of the relevant enterprise. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Infrastructure requirements include fencing, housing, water supply, electricity, animal handling facilities and access. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Types of infrastructure are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The role and function of infrastructure is understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The availability of infrastructure is determined. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The suitability of landscape for infrastructure is determined. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Identify appropriate crops and/or animals for the relevant enterprise. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
All livestock or crops on the farm or garden within a community. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Different livestock or crop types are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Characteristics of the different types are explained. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Different uses of the different types are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The suitability of infrastructure for livestock or crops is determined. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Identify production cycle within relevant enterprise. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
All enterprises within the boundaries of the farm within the community 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Characteristics of a production cycle are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The different production cycles are compared. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The appropriate production cycle is described correctly. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Implementation of the production cycle is observed and reported on. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 5 
Identify harvest practice within the relevant enterprise. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
All enterprises within the boundaries of the farm within the community. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
A characteristic of harvesting practices is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Harvesting practices are understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Importance of health and hygiene is understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Importance of quality is understood. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 6 
Identify post harvest practice within relevant enterprise. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
All enterprises within the boundaries of the farm within the community. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
Characteristics of post harvest practices are described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Post-harvesting practices are understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Importance of health and hygiene is understood. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Importance of quality is understood. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes; critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then they should not be assessed as competent.

Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • The role of natural resources.
  • The role of Infrastructure.
  • The role and importance of Stock.
  • The importance of Production cycles.
  • The importance of Harvesting practices.
  • The role and importance of Post harvest practices.
  • Basic farm practices.
  • Basic management skills. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Interpreting Information: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Science and Technology: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Professional development: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Self-development: relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48970   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Core  48971   National Certificate: Mixed Farming Systems  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Core  48972   National Certificate: Plant Production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Abrahama Construction & Projects 
    2. African Voice Trading 31 cc 
    3. AGB Finance (Pty) Ltd 
    4. Agricultural Research Council 
    5. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    6. Barrier Free General Trading CC 
    7. Biofuels Business Incubators NPC 
    8. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    9. Bumunhu Services Providers Cc 
    10. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    11. Centurion Akademie (Pty) Ltd 
    12. Deloitte 
    13. Dew Crisp (PTY) Ltd 
    14. Dihwai Food Cultural and Agricultural Services 
    15. Elsenburg Agricultural Training Institute 
    16. Escay Catering and other Services 
    17. Farm for Africa Training and Development 
    18. Fort Cox Agricultural College 
    19. GA Community Care Consultants 
    20. Goldfields FET College 
    21. Heedmorine Training 
    22. Impact Plus Training Consultants 
    23. Interstate Clearing 092 (Pty) Ltd 
    24. Kgopane Trading Enterprise 
    25. KMK Training Services (PTY) Ltd 
    26. Knowledge For Ever 
    27. Lovedale Public TVET College 
    28. Madzivhandila Agricultural College 
    29. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    30. Manstrat cc 
    31. Matlharini Multi Centre Skills 
    32. Matotomana Training & Gen Trading 
    33. Mbimbini Training and Community Development 
    34. Mobile Agri Skills Development and Training NPC 
    35. Mogaladi Business Enterprise 
    36. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    37. Mpontshe Training 
    38. Mthashana FET College - Vryheid Campus 
    39. Mvelo Consultant 
    40. National Institute For The Deaf 
    41. Ngwato Wa Mphela Agriculture Training Services 
    42. Nkalebetja Agricultural Projects and Management 
    43. Nophelo Training Centre 
    44. P N K Management Services 
    45. Pax Skills Development Centre 
    46. Progressive Environmental Projects 
    47. Retsogile Education and Training 
    48. Scientific Roets (Pty) Ltd 
    49. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    50. Selipha Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    51. Setlakala Business Development 
    52. Siyafundisa I Africa 
    53. Siyasanga Training Centre 
    54. Skills Fusion 
    55. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    56. Thuto Boshwa Skills Development Services 
    57. Tinotsile Training and Development 
    58. Tompi Seleka Agricultural College 
    59. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    60. Tripple R Training Provider 
    61. Tshenkeng's Consulting 
    62. Umfolozi FET College 
    63. Vari Consulting 
    64. Voyano Project Management 
    65. Vukani Community Training 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.