SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Define production and understand the basic activities of production / conversion in the agri-business environment 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
116165  Define production and understand the basic activities of production / conversion in the agri-business environment 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Primary Agriculture 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 01 - Agriculture and Nature Conservation Primary Agriculture 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
The learner achieving this unit standard will be able to understand the components of the agricultural sector and the term production, understand the basic functions of the production process and the production factors used in the production process in an agri-business. In addition they will be well positioned to extend their learning and practice into other areas of agriculture benefiting the industry in terms of efficiency.

Learners will understand the importance of the application of business principles in agricultural production.

They will be able to operate farming practices as businesses and will gain the knowledge and skills to move from a subsistence orientation to an economic orientation in agriculture. Farmers will gain the knowledge and skills to access mainstream agriculture through a business-orientated approach to agriculture. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
No learning is assumed to be in place. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
Whilst range statements have been defined generically to include as wide a set of alternatives as possible, all range statements should be interpreted within the specific context of application.

Range statements are neither comprehensive nor necessarily appropriate to all contexts. Alternatives must however be comparable in scope and complexity. These are only as a general guide to scope and complexity of what is required. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Describe the rudiments and components of the agricultural production environment. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Agricultural environments include but are not limited to those found on farms, feedlots, aqua cultural facilities, ranges, game farms and agri-tourist attractions, horticultural production facilities such as vegetable, fruit, nut and seed production, plant nurseries and the like, as applicable to the context of operation.

Components include but are not limited to primary and secondary input components, resource facilities, production, processing and marketing facilities. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
General knowledge about the Agricultural production sector is demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
Knowledge on the historical, demographic and geographic extent of the Agricultural sector is demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Knowledge about the various types of production facility within Agriculture is demonstrated. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Production facilities include but are not limited to plant and plant product production and animal and animal product production facilities.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Identify the components and purposes of basic production systems. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Production systems include but are not limited to systems producing animals and plants and their products, as relevant to the context of operation. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The ability to identify and name different inputs applied in an agri-production process with reference to basic specific systems is shown. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Inputs refer to but are not limited to all the input factors (seed, fertiliser, feed, medicine, climate, soil, water, skills, finances, etc.) as applied in the production process.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
An understanding of importance of responsible and educated usage of production inputs is demonstrated. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Responsible usage refers to but is not limited to safe usage, prevention of wastages and prevention of direct or indirect dangers.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Knowledge of and adherence to the Occupational Health and Safety Act and warning signs is demonstrated. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Warning signs include but are not limited to those governing the usage of chemicals, machinery, electricity, fire and equipment.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
Knowledge of the basic processing component of agricultural production systems is demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
Knowledge of the basic outputs or products produced by agricultural production systems is demonstrated. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Identify basic production factors used in the agricultural production process. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Production refers to but is not limited to the activities relating to the actual physical transformation of materials or production means into a meaningful product. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The term production is understood and defined. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
The definition should include the entire process, from the application of inputs to the final product (Objective, Place, Sequence) Human resources, Method (such as organic, manually, mechanically), financial resources, etc.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The interaction between inputs and outputs is understood and interpreted. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
The transformation / conversion process is understood. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Conversion process refers to but is not limited to the Inputs (resources) - Process (transformation) - Outputs - Feedback loop.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
The activities of elementary production management are understood. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Activities include but are not limited to activities such as choices of product range, production process, equipment, size of process, location, climate, soil, product demand, work plan, quality, maintaining equipment and the output.
 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Define the production and conversion process in terms of an agricultural business environment. 
OUTCOME RANGE 
Production and conversion processes include but are not limited to those found in farms, feedlots, aqua cultural facilities, ranges, game farms and agri-tourist attractions, horticultural production facilities such as vegetable, fruit, nut and seed production, plant nurseries and the like. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
The basic agricultural business environment is described. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Agricultural business includes basic factors related to Personnel, Public Relations, finances, production, marketing and procurement.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
The Agricultural production process in terms of business concepts is described. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
Each production and conversion component in terms of business concepts is described. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
The assessment of qualifying learners against this standard should meet the requirements of established assessment principles.

It will be necessary to develop assessment activities and tools, which are appropriate to the contexts in which the qualifying learners are working. These activities and tools may include an appropriate combination of self-assessment and peer assessment, formative and summative assessment, portfolios and observations etc.

The assessment should ensure that all the specific outcomes, critical cross-field outcomes and essential embedded knowledge are assessed.

The specific outcomes must be assessed through observation of performance. Supporting evidence should be used to prove competence of specific outcomes only when they are not clearly seen in the actual performance.

Essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in its own right, through oral or written evidence and cannot be assessed only by being observed.

The specific outcomes and essential embedded knowledge must be assessed in relation to each other. If a qualifying learner is able to explain the essential embedded knowledge but is unable to perform the specific outcomes, they should not be assessed as competent. Similarly, if a qualifying learner is able to perform the specific outcomes but is unable to explain or justify their performance in terms of the essential embedded knowledge, then thy should not be assessed as competent.

Evidence of the specified critical cross-field outcomes should be found both in performance and in the essential embedded knowledge.

Performance of specific outcomes must actively affirm target groups of qualifying learners, not unfairly discriminate against them. Qualifying learners should be able to justify their performance in terms of these values.
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard or assessing this unit standard must be accredited as a provider with the relevant ETQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The person is able to demonstrate a basic knowledge of:
  • The agricultural environment.
  • Agricultural production.
  • Basic components of production systems.
  • Use of inputs to produce outputs.
  • The relation between inputs and outputs.
  • The relevant actions in the production process.
  • Agricultural business environment.
  • Basic business principles.
  • The relation between agriculture and business principles.
  • The purpose of understanding agricultural conversion and production. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Problem solving relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Teamwork relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Information evaluation relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communication relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    The worlds as a set relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO CONTRIBUTING 
    Self-development relates to all specific outcomes. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    N/A 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Core  48970   National Certificate: Animal Production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Core  48971   National Certificate: Mixed Farming Systems  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 
    Core  48972   National Certificate: Plant Production  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  AgriSETA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Balemi Consulting Pty Ltd 
    2. Bar of Gold Trading 23 Cc 
    3. Biofuels Business Incubators NPC 
    4. Boikgantsho Consulting & Events 
    5. Bokatoka Construction and Projects 
    6. Bumunhu Services Providers Cc 
    7. Cedara College of Agriculture 
    8. Centurion Akademie (Pty) Ltd 
    9. Deloitte 
    10. Dew Crisp (PTY) Ltd 
    11. Dihwai Food Cultural and Agricultural Services 
    12. Earth Child Consulting (Pty) Ltd 
    13. Elsenburg Agricultural Training Institute 
    14. Escay Catering and other Services 
    15. Farm for Africa Training and Development 
    16. Fort Cox Agricultural College 
    17. GA Community Care Consultants 
    18. Goldfields FET College 
    19. Heedmorine Training 
    20. Impact Plus Training Consultants 
    21. Interstate Clearing 092 (Pty) Ltd 
    22. Izinkanyezi Zezulu Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    23. Kgopane Trading Enterprise 
    24. Khululekani Training Centre 
    25. KMK Training Services (PTY) Ltd 
    26. Knowledge For Ever 
    27. Koue Bokkeveld Training Centre 
    28. Learning at Work 
    29. Lovedale Public TVET College 
    30. Madzivhandila Agricultural College 
    31. Mananthatshema Skills Dev. Centre 
    32. Masidle Consulting CC 
    33. Matlharini Multi Centre Skills 
    34. Matotomana Training & Gen Trading 
    35. Mbimbini Training and Community Development 
    36. Mobile Agri Skills Development and Training NPC 
    37. Mogaladi Business Enterprise 
    38. Montshepetsa Bosui Farming & Training Cnt 
    39. Morwa Agri-development cc 
    40. Mpontshe Training 
    41. Msingwa Training and Development 
    42. Mthashana FET College - Vryheid Campus 
    43. Mvelo Consultant 
    44. National Institute For The Deaf 
    45. Ngwato Wa Mphela Agriculture Training Services 
    46. Nkalebetja Agricultural Projects and Management 
    47. Nophelo Training Centre 
    48. Novi General Services 
    49. P N K Management Services 
    50. Progressive Environmental Projects 
    51. Retsogile Education and Training 
    52. Scientific Roets (Pty) Ltd 
    53. Sekhukhune FET College - Central Office 
    54. Selipha Trading (Pty) Ltd 
    55. Setlakala Business Development 
    56. Siyafundisa I Africa 
    57. Siyasanga Training Centre 
    58. Skills Fusion 
    59. Suidwes Beleggings Eiendoms Beperk 
    60. Temnofto Training Cc 
    61. Thuto Boshwa Skills Development Services 
    62. Tinotsile Training and Development 
    63. Tompi Seleka Agricultural College 
    64. TPN Training and Recruitment cc 
    65. Tripple R Training Provider 
    66. Tshenkeng's Consulting 
    67. Umfolozi FET College 
    68. Vari Consulting 
    69. VEB CELE AND ASSOCIATES 
    70. Voyano Project Management 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.