SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD: 

Grade roadways by means of a motor grader in an underground mine 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
244423  Grade roadways by means of a motor grader in an underground mine 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Reregistered  2018-07-01  2023-06-30  SAQA 06120/18 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2024-06-30   2027-06-30  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who uses a motor grader to grade material in an underground mine.

People credited with this unit standard are able to:
  • Explain the grading of roadways with a Self Propelled Grader.
  • Prepare for grading of roadways with a Self Propelled Grader.
  • Grade roadways with a Self Propelled Grader.

    The skills, knowledge and understanding demonstrated within this unit standard are essential for social and economic transformation and contribute to the upliftment and economic growth of the mining and minerals sector.

    This unit standard is intended to promote general skills, knowledge and understanding of grading roadways by means of a motor Grader in an underground workplace in the mining and minerals sector in order to ensure knowledgeable and informed workers. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Follow basic occupational health and safety practices pertaining to mining operations at NQF Level 2.
  • Take charge of and drive an articulating vehicle in an underground mine at NQF Level 2. 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Explain the grading of roadways with a Self Propelled Grader. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The significant risks associated with workplace hazards pertaining to the grading of roadways using a Self Propelled Grader are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazards relating to:
  • Support conditions.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Environmental conditions i.e. heat, dust, visibility and ventilation flow.
  • Harmful gases.
  • Excessive water.
  • Fire.
  • Exposure to unsafe Electrical connections.
  • Working under unsafe roof or sidewalls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The significant risks associated with work-related hazards pertaining to the grading of roadways using a Self Propelled Grader are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include those relating to:
  • Working in proximity of moving machinery.
  • Pedestrians and other workers.
  • Working in proximity of cables and pipes.
  • Hydraulic pressure.
  • Refuelling.
  • Fire to equipment.
  • Brake failure.
  • Power failures.
  • Debris in roadways.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The basic principles of operation of a Self Propelled Grader and the functions of the grader are explained according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include:
  • Monitoring of instruments/gauges/safety systems.
  • Brake testing.
  • Manipulation of controls.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Prepare for grading of roadways with a Self Propelled Grader. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The required personal protective equipment is available, fit for purpose and used in accordance with its design and the specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    The workplace is examined and workplace hazards are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Hazards relating to:
  • Support conditions.
  • Ground conditions.
  • Environmental conditions i.e. heat, dust, visibility and ventilation flow.
  • Harmful gases.
  • Excessive water.
  • Fire.
  • Exposure to unsafe Electrical connections.
  • Working under unsafe roof or sidewalls.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    The required tools and equipment are available, in good working order and fit for purpose according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    The pre-use and after start inspection is conducted according to specified requirements. Defects identified are dealt with according to specific requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    The consequences to occupational health, safety and production if specified requirements are not adhered to whilst preparing for grading of roadways with a Self Propelled Grader are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include:
  • Personal Protective equipment.
  • Workplace Hazards.
  • Tools material and equipment.
  • Pre-use inspection.
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
    Grade roadways with a Self Propelled Grader. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    The roadway is graded according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    The process of grading must include:
  • Manipulating of controls of the grader.
  • Apply techniques for lifting, lowering and angling of blade.
  • Access restriction.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    Tools and equipment are used according to specified requirements and in line with ergonomic principles. Tools and equipment are prepared and stored for subsequent use and those defective, are dealt with according to specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    Work related hazards associated with grading operations are dealt with according to specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Range must include those relating to:
  • Working in proximity of moving machinery.
  • Pedestrians and other workers.
  • Working in proximity of cables and pipes.
  • Hydraulic pressure.
  • Refuelling.
  • Fire to equipment.
  • Brake failure.
  • Power failures.
  • Debris in roadways.
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    Interpersonal interaction is positive, consistent with specified requirements and promotes effective teamwork. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    Reports are completed and submitted in accordance with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 6 
    The consequences to occupational health, safety and production of not adhering to specified requirements when grading roadways are explained. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Consequences must include those relating to:
  • Grading of roadways.
  • Use of tools and equipment.
  • Work related hazards.
  • Interpersonal interaction.
  • Failure to submit reports on time and to the relevant persons.
  • Preparation and storage of tools and equipment.
     


  • UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
  • Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
  • Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
  • Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:

    Risks associated with workplace hazards:
  • Support conditions.
  • Unsafe ground conditions.
  • Environmental conditions e.g heat, dust, visibility and ventilation flow.
  • Harmful gases.
  • Excessive water.

    Risks associated with work related hazards relating to:
  • Working in proximity of moving machinery.
  • Pedestrians and other workers.
  • Working in proximity of cables and pipes.
  • Hydraulic pressure.
  • Refuelling.
  • Fire to equipment.
  • Brake failure.
  • Power failures.
  • Debris in roadways.

    Basic principles of operation:
  • Monitoring of instruments, gauges and safety systems.
  • Brake testing.
  • Manipulation of controls.

    Processes and events:
  • Pre-use and after use inspection.
  • Manipulating of controls of the grader.
  • Apply techniques for lifting, lowering and angling of blade.
  • Access restriction.

    Occupational safety, occupational health and environment:
  • Hazards and risks encountered.
  • Safety systems and occupational health protection.
  • Personal protective equipment.
  • Environmental protection and pollution controls.
  • Emergency procedures.
  • Use of tools, material and equipment.

    Applicable statutory requirements for a motor grader:
  • Applicable Acts and Regulations.
  • Codes of Practice.
  • Operator competency requirements.

    Communication requirements:
  • Reporting.
  • Liaison with associated operators.
  • Interpreting and implementing instructions. 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.

    Note: The ability of the learner to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions, assess and take appropriate action. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.

    Note: The ability and willingness of the learner to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.

    Note: The ability of the learner to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.

    Note: The ability of the learner to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.

    Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and occupational health of others.

    Note: The learner demonstrates an understanding of and ability to use advanced mining technology in terms of production, safety and communication. 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.

    Note: The ability of the learner to identify and refer anomalous behaviour to a specialist confirms understanding that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have a devastating effect. 

    UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    REREGISTRATION HISTORY 
    As per the SAQA Board decision/s at that time, this unit standard was Reregistered in 2012; 2015. 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Terminology:

    Specified requirements:

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal:
  • Relevant Acts, e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act No. 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act No. 50/1991).
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice.
  • SANS and other relevant standards.
  • Chief Inspector of Mines' Directives/Instructions.
  • Guidelines issued by the Chief Inspector of Mines.

    Site-specific:
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA).
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme.
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice.
  • Managerial Instructions.
  • Mine Standard Procedures.
  • List of Recorded OH&S Significant risks.
  • Working Guides.
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications of 1993.

    Notes to Assessors:

    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the learner is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the learner can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent.

    Motivation regarding number of specific outcomes:

    Even though there are less than four specific outcomes in this unit standard it represents a whole competency. It is NOT merely a description of tasks, jobs or procedures but it focuses on outcomes of activity. It also has a broad application across a range of contexts as stipulated in the unit standard.

    In addition this unit standard is considered as a milestone of learning in the sector. It is worth recognizing in its own right, as it is attributable to and achievable by an individual.

    This unit standard is fit-for-purpose for the sector and the specific outcomes jointly meet all the competence requirements of the title of the standard.

    In addition the unit standard has been integrated to avoid artificial distinctions.

    Unit Standard Justification:

    Level:

    Attribute; Level; Justification:
  • Skills; Level 3; The skills required now have a significant variety and extend beyond the simple range.
  • Procedures; Level 3; In this case the procedures could differ the learner has to make the correct selection of procedure to apply.
  • Context; Level 2; Although the process could occur in different contexts.
  • Knowledge; Level 3; Relevant theoretical knowledge is required to be fully competent.
  • Information processing; Level 2; Information is readily available but some processing is required.
  • Problem Solving; Level 3; The key difference from level two is the application of some "judgment".
  • Orientation of activities; Level 2; Follows instructions.
  • Application of responsibility; Level 3; Learner's output is quality checked, i.e. on random based.
  • Orientation of scope of responsibility; Level 3; Here the responsibility extends towards, although not entirely, the output as well as, when applicable, the output of others.

    Average level: = 2.7.
    Actual level assigned: = 3.

    Credits:

    Total hours required by the learner to achieve the required outcome:

    Activity; Hours:
  • Classroom teaching; 18 hours.
  • On-the-job training; 60 hours.

    Total: 78 hours.

    Credits achieved: = 78/10 = 7.8.
    Credits assigned: = 8. 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  58739   National Certificate: Mining Operations for Underground Hard Rock  Level 2  NQF Level 02  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. Anglo American Platinum Amendelbult Concentrators 
    2. Anglo American Platinum Limited 
    3. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    4. BANA BA THARI MINING TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY (PTY) LTD 
    5. BOOYSENDAL PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    6. COLLIERY TRAINING COLLEGE 
    7. Concor Projects (pty) Ltd 
    8. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE (PTY) LTD 
    9. DWARSRIVER CHROME MINE (PTY) LTD 
    10. EASTERN PLATINUM LIMITED 
    11. Finsch Diamonds Mine 
    12. Fundisa Zonke Training Academy 
    13. Glencore Operation South Africa (Pty) Ltd 
    14. Glencore Operations South Africa (PTY) LTD - Eastern Mines 
    15. Grinaker LTA Mining 
    16. HARMONY GOLD MINING COMPANY LIMITED 
    17. IMPALA PLATINUM LIMITED - RUSTENBURG 
    18. KHUTALA COLLIERY 
    19. LICENCE WISE TRAINING SPECIALISTS 
    20. MATLA COLLIERY 
    21. MESSINA PLATINUM MINES 
    22. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE (PTY) LTD 
    23. MODIKWA PLATINUM MINE 
    24. MURRAY & ROBERTS CEMENTATION PTY LTD 
    25. NORTHAM PLATINUM LIMITED 
    26. Prisma Training Solutions 
    27. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    28. SAMANCOR CHROME LTD t/a Western Chrome Mine 
    29. SASOL GLOBAL LEARNING 
    30. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    31. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    32. TWO RIVERS PLATINUM (PTY) LTD 
    33. WESTERN PLATINUM KAREE MINE 
    34. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 
    35. XSTRATA COAL 
    36. XTRACT TRAINING SERVICES (PTY) LTD 
    37. Xtrata SA Pty Ltd t/a Xstrata Alloys Business Unit Western mines 
    38. ZULEK TRAINING SPECIALISTS (PTY) LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.