SAQA All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.
SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Demonstrate an understanding of typical basic underground hard rock mining processes and layouts 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
110417  Demonstrate an understanding of typical basic underground hard rock mining processes and layouts 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Mining and Minerals 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Fabrication and Extraction 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 1  NQF Level 01 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Reregistered" 
2007-04-03  2007-08-16  SAQA 0160/05 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-08-16   2011-08-16  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard is replaced by: 
US ID Unit Standard Title Pre-2009 NQF Level NQF Level Credits Replacement Status
244431  Demonstrate an understanding of typical basic underground hard rock mining services, processes and layouts  Level 1  NQF Level 01   

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
This unit standard will be useful to people who desire to acquire an introductory qualification within the mining and minerals sector.

People credited with this unit standard are able to
  • demonstrate understanding of basic mining processes; and
  • demonstrate understanding of basic mining layouts. 

  • LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
    The credit calculation is based on the assumption that learners are already competent in terms of the following outcomes or areas of learning when starting to learn towards this unit standard:
  • Understanding of basic mining terminology 

  • UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
    Specific range statements are provided in the body of the unit standard where they apply to particular specific outcomes or assessment criteria. 

    Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

    SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
    Demonstrate understanding of basic mining processes. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The explanation regarding the supply of ventilation to underground working places and the effects to health, safety and production of an inadequate supply of ventilation to underground working places is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Supply of ventilation must include:
  • Main inlets and outlets
  • Methods of moving air through the underground working places of a mine
  • Methods of directing and routing mine air to various underground working places
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The explanation regarding the supply of compressed air to underground working places and the effects to production of an inadequate supply of compressed air to underground working places is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Supply of compressed air must include:
  • Generation of compressed air
  • Routing into the underground working places
  • Typical sizes of supply columns
  • Safety requirements pertaining to supply columns
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The explanation regarding the supply of water to underground working places and the effects to health, safety and production of an inadequate supply of water to underground working places or wastage of water is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Supply of industrial water must include:
  • Routing into the underground working places
  • Typical sizes of supply columns
  • Water reticulation

    Supply of drinking water must include:
  • Routing into the underground working places
  • Method of storage and control of drinking water
  • Quality of drinking water
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
    4. The explanation regarding the supply of electricity to underground working places and the effects to health, safety and production of an inadequate supply of electricity to underground working places is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Supply of electricity must include:
  • Routing into the underground working places
  • Typical voltage specifications from surface transformer to equipment within the working places
     

  • ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
    5. The explanation regarding the removal of and transportation of broken rock from underground working places and delivery to the processing plant/storage site is consistent with specified requirements. 
    ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
    Broken rock must include:
  • Reef
  • Waste rock
     

  • SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
    Demonstrate understanding of basic mining layouts. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
     

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
    1. The explanation regarding the types of shafts that can be sunk on a mine is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
    2. The explanation regarding the types of access ways that can be developed to exploit the ore body on a mine is consistent with specified requirements. 

    ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
    3. The explanation regarding the types of excavations that can be established to remove the ore body from a mine is consistent with specified requirements. 


    UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
    1. Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.

    2. Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.

    3. Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

    UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
    Essential embedded knowledge will be assessed through assessment of the specific outcomes in terms of the stipulated assessment criteria. Candidates are unlikely to achieve all the specific outcomes, to the standards described in the assessment criteria, without knowledge of the listed embedded knowledge. This means that for the most part, the possession or lack of the knowledge can be directly inferred from the quality of the candidate`s performance. Where direct assessment of knowledge is required, assessment criteria have been included in the body of the unit standard.

    The following embedded knowledge is addressed in an integrated way in the unit standard:
  • Health and safety knowledge
  • Report writing
  • Legal and site-specific requirements 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems and make decisions using critical and creative thinking.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to identify sub-standard and hazardous conditions,assess and take appropriate action. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others as members of a team, group, organisation or community.
  • Note: The ability and willingness of the candidate to accept and interpret work instructions correctly. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage themselves and their activities responsibly and effectively.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to indicate what methods, tools and personal protective equipment is required and communicate to fellow workers his/her intentions and assistance required. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organise and critically evaluate information.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to reconcile the information from visual and physical examinations and constantly evaluate the changing situation. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively, using visual, mathematical and/or language skills in the modes of oral and/or written presentations.
  • Note: The appropriate communication with the relevant personnel with regard to the reporting of hazards and sub-standard conditions will indicate his/her proficiency in effective communication. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically showing responsibility towards the environment and health of others.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to adhere to safety, health and environmental requirements illustrates his/her capability to use science and technology effectively. 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO DEMONSTRATING 
    Demonstrate an understanding of the world as a set of related systems by recognising that problem-solving contexts do not exist in isolation.
  • Note: The ability of the candidate to identify and refer anomalous behaviour to a specialist confirms understanding that a specific observation, inference, action or decision can have a devastating effect. 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    Assessors should keep the following principles in mind when designing and conducting assessments against this unit standard:
  • Focus the assessment activities on gathering evidence in terms of the main outcome expressed in the title to ensure assessment is integrated rather than fragmented. Remember we want to declare the person competent in terms of the title. Where assessment at title level is unmanageable, then focus assessment around each specific outcome, or groups of specific outcomes.
  • Make sure evidence is gathered across the entire range, wherever it applies. Assessment activities should be as close to the real performance as possible, and where simulations or role-plays are used, there should be supporting evidence to show the candidate is able to perform in the real situation.
  • Do not focus the assessment activities on each assessment criterion. Rather make sure the assessment activities focus on outcomes and are sufficient to enable evidence to be gathered around all the assessment criteria.
  • The assessment criteria provide the specifications against which assessment judgements should be made. In most cases, knowledge can be inferred from the quality of the performances, but in other cases, knowledge and understanding will have to be tested through questioning techniques. Where this is required, there will be assessment criteria to specify the standard required.
  • The task of the assessor is to gather sufficient evidence, of the prescribed type and quality, as specified in this unit standard, that the candidate can achieve the outcomes again and again and again. This means assessors will have to judge how many repeat performances are required before they believe the performance is reproducible.
  • All assessments should be conducted in line with the following well documented principles of assessment: appropriateness, fairness, manageability, integration into work or learning, validity, direct, authentic, sufficient, systematic, open and consistent. 

  • UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    This unit standard has been replaced by unit standard 244431, which is "Demonstrate an understanding of typical basic underground hard rock mining services, processes and layouts", Level 1, 4 credits.

    Terminology

    Specified Requirements

    Specified requirements include legal and site-specific requirements and are contained in one or more of the following documents:

    Legal
  • Relevant Acts: e.g. Mine Health & Safety Act, 1996 (Act 29/1996), and Minerals Act and Regulations, 1991 (Act 50/1991)
  • Mandatory Codes of Practice
  • SABS and other relevant Standards
  • Chief Inspector of Mines` Directives

    Site Specific
  • Hazard Identification and Risk Assessments (HIRA)
  • Occupational Health and Safety Risk Management Programme
  • Voluntary Codes of Practice
  • Managerial Instructions
  • Mine Standard Procedures
  • List of Recorded OH&S Significant risks and consequences
  • Working Guides
  • Equipment and Materials Specifications of 1993 

  • QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  58267   General Education and Training Certificate: Mining and Minerals Processes  Level 1  NQF Level 01  Reregistered  2023-06-30  MQA 
    Elective  49014   National Certificate: Rockbreaking: Underground Hard Rock  Level 3  NQF Level 03  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Reregistered" 
    2007-08-16  Was MQA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. ADCORP TECHNICAL TRAINING (PTY) LTD 
    2. ALLOYS HEAD OFFICE 
    3. ANGLOGOLD ASHANTI LTD (V/R) 
    4. ASSMANG BEESHOEK MINE 
    5. BAFOKENG RASIMONE MANAGEMENT SERVICES PTY LTD 
    6. BANA BA THARI MINING TRADING AND DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY 
    7. BARBERTON MINES (PTY) LTD 
    8. BOKONI PLATINUM MINES (PTY) LTD 
    9. CONCOR PROJECTS PTY LTD 
    10. CULLINAN DIAMOND MINE PTY LTD 
    11. DIGGERS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES 
    12. ERGO BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ACADEMY NPC 
    13. EXXARO COAL (PTY) LTD 
    14. FINSCH DIAMOND MINE(PTY) LTD 
    15. FOSKOR (PTY) LTD 
    16. GLENCORE OPERATIONS SOUTH AFRICA PTY LTD 
    17. HARMONY GOLD MINING CO LTD 
    18. IMPALA PLATINUM SERVICES LTD 
    19. KHUTALA MINING SERVICES PL 
    20. KROONDAL OPERATIONS (PTY) LTD 
    21. Kumba Sishen HRD Centre 
    22. LAFARGE SOUTH AFRICA 
    23. LYNAZY RESOURCES 
    24. MATHOME TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT (PTY) LTD 
    25. MINERAL MINING TRAINING INSTITUTE(PTY) LTD 
    26. MINTEK 
    27. MURRAY & ROBERTS CEMENTATION (PTY)LTD 
    28. NORTHAM PLATINUM LTD 
    29. PALABORA COPPER (PTY) LTD 
    30. PPC LTD SANDTON OFFICE 
    31. PROGRESSIVE TRAINING DEVELOPMENT AND PROJECTS (PTY) LTD 
    32. RICHARDS BAY MINING PTY LTD 
    33. Rustenburg Platinum Mines - Union Section 
    34. SENZEKO EXECUTIVE RISK CC 
    35. SHAFT SINKERS MINING PTY LTD 
    36. SIBANYE GOLD ACADEMY PROPRIETARY LIMITED 
    37. SIBANYE GOLD LIMITED - BEATRIX DIVISION 
    38. SIBANYE GOLD LIMITED - KLOOF DIVISION 
    39. SIBANYE RUSTENBURG PLATINUM MINES PTY LTD 
    40. SIYANDA BAKGATLA PLATINUM MINE 
    41. TRAIN THE NATION AND ASSOCIATES (PTY) LTD 
    42. VENETIA MINE 
    43. WESTERN CHROME MINES 
    44. WESTERN PLATINUM MINE 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.