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SOUTH AFRICAN QUALIFICATIONS AUTHORITY 
REGISTERED UNIT STANDARD THAT HAS PASSED THE END DATE: 

Perform physical and chemical tests on raw materials, pulp and chemicals used in pulp making 
SAQA US ID UNIT STANDARD TITLE
114258  Perform physical and chemical tests on raw materials, pulp and chemicals used in pulp making 
ORIGINATOR
SGB Pulp and Paper 
PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QUALITY ASSURANCE FUNCTIONARY
-  
FIELD SUBFIELD
Field 06 - Manufacturing, Engineering and Technology Manufacturing and Assembly 
ABET BAND UNIT STANDARD TYPE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL CREDITS
Undefined  Regular  Level 3  NQF Level 03  12 
REGISTRATION STATUS REGISTRATION START DATE REGISTRATION END DATE SAQA DECISION NUMBER
Passed the End Date -
Status was "Registered" 
2004-02-11  2007-02-11  SAQA 2152/04 
LAST DATE FOR ENROLMENT LAST DATE FOR ACHIEVEMENT
2008-02-11   2011-02-11  

In all of the tables in this document, both the pre-2009 NQF Level and the NQF Level is shown. In the text (purpose statements, qualification rules, etc), any references to NQF Levels are to the pre-2009 levels unless specifically stated otherwise.  

This unit standard does not replace any other unit standard and is not replaced by any other unit standard. 

PURPOSE OF THE UNIT STANDARD 
Qualifying learners are able to explain the fundamentals of raw materials and pulp testing, perform the necessary tests using appropriate test equipment and record and report test results whilst adhering to safety, health, environment and quality requirements. 

LEARNING ASSUMED TO BE IN PLACE AND RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING 
Learners attempting this unit standard are required to read, understand and interpret work instructions which are of a technical nature, and have basic chemistry and mathematical knowledge. It is therefore required that they have achieved NQF level 2 or equivalent accreditation. 

UNIT STANDARD RANGE 
At least five tests from each range need to be assessed.

Pulp testing: Consistency, residual A.A., solids, total dissolved solids, pH, conductivity, kappa number, shive count, reflectance, soda strength, COD, freeness, wetness, fibre strength.

Chemical testing: Solids, ash, sodium chloride, water insoluble, carbon, sodium carbonates, potassium, sodium sulphate, total alkalinity, sodium hydroxide, caustic efficiency, moisture consistency, soda loss, calcium removal, Sodium.

Raw material: Grit, bulk, density, moisture, reflectance, ash, screen residual, magnesium heavy metals, calcium, water insoluble, sodium chloride, sodium sulphate, pH solids, chip size, fibre strength. 

Specific Outcomes and Assessment Criteria: 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 1 
Learners can explain the fundamental principles of tests carried out. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Learners can explain the fundamental principles of tests carried out on raw materials, pulp and chemicals. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Reasons for testing are explained in terms of process control, quality assurance and continuous improvement. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Principles of tests on raw materials and tests for product characteristics, conducted at the candidate`s own workplace, are explained in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Principles of tests on pulp and tests for product characteristics, conducted at the candidate`s own workplace, are explained in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 2 
Learners will have learned to perform routine checks on test equipment. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. The operation of testing equipment used in the learner`s own laboratory is explained in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Safety features of testing equipment used in the learner`s own laboratory are identified and the role of the testing equipment is explained in accordance with standard operating procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Test equipment is selected and checked in accordance with manufacturer`s specifications. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 3 
Learners will have learned to select and carry out physical and chemical tests. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Learners will have learned to select and carry out physical and chemical tests and record and report data. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Test methods are identified. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Samples are selected and prepared. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Tests are carried out. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 4 
4. Test results are recorded and reported. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 5 
5. Out of specification test results are reported and discussed. 

SPECIFIC OUTCOME 4 
Adhere to safety, health, environment and quality (SHEQ) requirements. 
OUTCOME NOTES 
Adhere to safety, health, environment and quality (SHEQ) requirements, including the requirements of workplace procedures. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 1 
1. Hazards and risk associated with the testing processes are identified and relevant prescribed precautions are explained and/or demonstrated. 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 2 
2. Environmental hazards are identified and the relevant precautions to be taken are explained and/or demonstrated according to laboratory environmental procedures. 
ASSESSMENT CRITERION RANGE 
Spillages, disposal, dumping, effluent.
 

ASSESSMENT CRITERION 3 
3. Company safety procedures and housekeeping standards are discussed and explained and adhered to. 


UNIT STANDARD ACCREDITATION AND MODERATION OPTIONS 
Anyone assessing a learner against this unit standard must be registered as an assessor with the relevant ETQA.
Any institution offering learning that will enable achievement of this unit standard must be accredited as a provider through the relevant ETQA by SAQA.
Moderation of assessment will be overseen by the relevant ETQA according to the moderation guidelines in the relevant qualification and the agreed ETQA procedures. 

UNIT STANDARD ESSENTIAL EMBEDDED KNOWLEDGE 
Things the learner knows and can explain:

Names and functions of:
  • Testing equipment
  • Instrumentation and measuring units
  • Specifications and standards
  • Chemicals
  • Cleaning materials

    Description, properties and characteristics of:
  • Materials
  • Equipment
  • Controls
  • Services

    Sensory cues:
  • Ad hoc tests for conditions (smell, colour, sound)

    The Purpose of:
  • Tests in terms of efficiencies and quality
  • Cleaning
  • Physical and chemical tests

    Causes, effects and implications of:
  • The test variables and conditions
  • Hazards
  • Nature and sequence of testing procedures
  • Collection and measuring conditions
  • Test results

    Procedures and Techniques of:
  • Sample collection
  • Analysis

    Interrelationships:
  • Between the tests results and corrective actions to be taken

    Theory, rules, laws, principles of:
  • Testing
  • Sampling

    Regulations, legislation, agreements and policies related to:
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act
  • Environmental issues
  • Housekeeping
  • Company safety procedures
  • Standard operating procedures
  • Quality specifications 

  • UNIT STANDARD DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD LINKAGES 
    N/A 


    Critical Cross-field Outcomes (CCFO): 

    UNIT STANDARD CCFO IDENTIFYING 
    Identify and solve problems:
  • Describe typical problems encountered during testing and solutions to these problems
  • Recognise and respond to deviations, incorrect settings 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO WORKING 
    Work effectively with others:
  • Interact with others to achieve consistent outcomes 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO ORGANISING 
    Organise and manage self and activities:
  • Participate in life-long learning
  • Plan and manage analyses
  • Work to achieve consistent results 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COLLECTING 
    Collect, analyse, organize and critically evaluate information:
  • Use various sources of information pertaining to testing
  • Translate conditions or instructions into specific actions or criteria 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO COMMUNICATING 
    Communicate effectively:
  • Record and report data related to the chemical and physical tests
  • Respond to questions and requests for additional information
  • Report incidents and conditions 

  • UNIT STANDARD CCFO SCIENCE 
    Use science and technology effectively and critically:
  • Use equipment effectively
  • Handle and treat materials correctly 

  • UNIT STANDARD ASSESSOR CRITERIA 
    N/A 

    UNIT STANDARD NOTES 
    Definition:
    Workplace procedures refer to instructions on policies and procedures, including the application of legislation, which are formally documented, and are available for reference. Examples are standard operating procedures, specifications, manuals and manufacturer`s information. 

    QUALIFICATIONS UTILISING THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
      ID QUALIFICATION TITLE PRE-2009 NQF LEVEL NQF LEVEL STATUS END DATE PRIMARY OR DELEGATED QA FUNCTIONARY
    Elective  48643   Further Education and Training Certificate: Chemical Pulp Manufacturing  Level 4  NQF Level 04  Passed the End Date -
    Status was "Registered" 
    2007-02-11  Was FPMSETA until Last Date for Achievement 


    PROVIDERS CURRENTLY ACCREDITED TO OFFER THIS UNIT STANDARD: 
    This information shows the current accreditations (i.e. those not past their accreditation end dates), and is the most complete record available to SAQA as of today. Some Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionaries have a lag in their recording systems for provider accreditation, in turn leading to a lag in notifying SAQA of all the providers that they have accredited to offer qualifications and unit standards, as well as any extensions to accreditation end dates. The relevant Primary or Delegated Quality Assurance Functionary should be notified if a record appears to be missing from here.
     
    1. SAPPI LTD 



    All qualifications and part qualifications registered on the National Qualifications Framework are public property. Thus the only payment that can be made for them is for service and reproduction. It is illegal to sell this material for profit. If the material is reproduced or quoted, the South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) should be acknowledged as the source.